Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

newfs_exfat(8) [osx man page]

NEWFS_EXFAT(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					    NEWFS_EXFAT(8)

NAME
newfs_exfat -- construct a new ExFAT file system SYNOPSIS
newfs_exfat [-N] [-R] [-I volume-serial-number] [-S bytes-per-sector] [-a sectors-per-FAT] [-b bytes-per-cluster] [-c sectors-per-cluster] [-n number-of-FATs] [-s total-sectors] [-v volume-name] special DESCRIPTION
The newfs_exfat utility creates an ExFAT file system on device special. If the -R option is not given, and the device is already formatted as ExFAT, it will preserve the partition offset, bytes per cluster, FAT offset and size, number of FATs, offset to start of clusters, number of clusters, volume serial number, and volume name (label). If a volume name was specified via the -v option, that name is used instead of the volume's previous name. The options are as follow: -N Don't create a file system: just print out parameters. -R Do not check whether the device is currently formatted as ExFAT. Always derive the partition offset, bytes per cluster, FAT offset and size, and offset to start of clusters based on the device type and size. -I volume-serial-number Volume ID, a 32-bit integer. -S bytes-per-sector Number of bytes per sector. Acceptable values are powers of 2 in the range 512 through 4096. -a sectors-per-FAT Number of sectors per FAT. -b bytes-per-cluster File system block size (bytes per cluster). Acceptable values are powers of 2 in the range 512 through 33554432. -c sectors-per-cluster Sectors per cluster. Acceptable values are powers of 2 in the range 1 through 65536. -n number-of-FATs Number of FATs. Acceptable values are 1 or 2. The default is 1. Using any value other than 1 is discouraged, and may be incompati- ble with other devices. -s total-sectors The total number of sectors in the device. -v volume-name Volume name (label). The name will be converted to UTF-16, and must be no longer than 11 UTF-16 characters. ASCII control charac- ters and some punctuation characters are not allowed (similar to DOS 8.3-style names). NOTE: The volume name may be an empty (zero- length) string. EXAMPLES
newfs_exfat /dev/disk0s1 Create a file system, using default parameters (or existing ExFAT layout), on /dev/rdisk0s1. newfs_exfat -v Hello disk2s1 Create a file system with the name "Hello" on /dev/rdisk2s1. SEE ALSO
mount_exfat(8), fsck_exfat(8) DIAGNOSTICS
Exit status is 0 on success and 1 on error. HISTORY
The newfs_exfat command appeared in Mac OS X 10.6.3. Darwin January 19, 2010 Darwin

Check Out this Related Man Page

NEWFS_MSDOS(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					    NEWFS_MSDOS(8)

NAME
newfs_msdos -- construct a new MS-DOS (FAT) file system SYNOPSIS
newfs_msdos [-N] [-@ offset] [-B boot] [-C create-size] [-F FAT-type] [-I VolumeId] [-L label] [-O OEM] [-S sector-size] [-a FAT-size] [-b block-size] [-c cluster-size] [-e DirEnts] [-f format] [-h heads] [-i info] [-k backup] [-m media] [-n FATs] [-o hidden] [-r reserved] [-s total] [-u track-size] special [disktype] DESCRIPTION
The newfs_msdos utility creates a FAT12, FAT16, or FAT32 file system on device or file named special, using disktab(5) entry disktype to determine geometry, if required. If special does not contain a / and -C is not used, it is assumed to be a device name and /dev/ is prepended to the name to construct the actual device name. To work a file in the current directory use ./filename The options are as follow: -N Do not create a file system: just print out parameters. -@ offset Build the filesystem at the specified offset in bytes in the device or file. A suffix s, k, m, g (lower or upper case) appended to the offset specifies that the number is in sectors, kilobytes, megabytes or gigabytes, respectively. -B boot Get bootstrap from file. -C create-size Create the image file with the specified size. A suffix character appended to the size is interpreted as for the -@ option. The file is created by truncating any existing file with the same name and resizing it to the requested size. If the file system sup- ports sparse files, the space occupied on disk may be smaller than the size specified as parameter. -F FAT-type FAT type (one of 12, 16, or 32). -I VolumeID Volume ID, a 32 bit number in decimal or hexadecimal (0x...) format. -L label Volume label (up to 11 characters). The label should consist of only those characters permitted in regular DOS (8+3) filenames. -O OEM OEM string (up to 8 characters). The default is "BSD 4.4". -S sector-size Number of bytes per sector. Acceptable values are powers of 2 in the range 512 through 32768, inclusive. -a FAT-size Number of sectors per FAT. -b block-size File system block size (bytes per cluster). This should resolve to an acceptable number of sectors per cluster (see below). -c cluster-size Sectors per cluster. Acceptable values are powers of 2 in the range 1 through 128. If the block or cluster size are not specified, the code uses a cluster between 512 bytes and 32K depending on the filesystem size. -e DirEnts Number of root directory entries (FAT12 and FAT16 only). -f format Specify a standard (floppy disk) format. The standard formats are (capacities in kilobytes): 160, 180, 320, 360, 640, 720, 1200, 1232, 1440, 2880. -h heads Number of drive heads. -i info Location of the file system info sector (FAT32 only). A value of 0xffff signifies no info sector. -k backup Location of the backup boot sector (FAT32 only). A value of 0xffff signifies no backup sector. -m media Media descriptor (acceptable range 0xf0 to 0xff). -n FATs Number of FATs. Acceptable values are 1 to 16 inclusive. The default is 2. -o hidden Number of hidden sectors. -r reserved Number of reserved sectors. -s total File system size. -u track-size Number of sectors per track. NOTES
If some parameters (e.g. size, number of sectors, etc.) are not specified through options or disktype, the program tries to generate them automatically. In particular, the size is determined as the device or file size minus the offset specified with the -@ option. When the geometry is not available, it is assumed to be 63 sectors, 255 heads. The size is then rounded to become a multiple of the track size and avoid complaints by some filesystem code. FAT file system parameters occupy a "Boot Sector BPB (BIOS Parameter Block)" in the first of the "reserved" sectors which precede the actual file system. For reference purposes, this structure is presented below. struct bsbpb { uint16_t bpbBytesPerSec; /* [-S] bytes per sector */ uint8_t bpbSecPerClust; /* [-c] sectors per cluster */ uint16_t bpbResSectors; /* [-r] reserved sectors */ uint8_t bpbFATs; /* [-n] number of FATs */ uint16_t bpbRootDirEnts; /* [-e] root directory entries */ uint16_t bpbSectors; /* [-s] total sectors */ uint8_t bpbMedia; /* [-m] media descriptor */ uint16_t bpbFATsecs; /* [-a] sectors per FAT */ uint16_t bpbSecPerTrack; /* [-u] sectors per track */ uint16_t bpbHeads; /* [-h] drive heads */ uint32_t bpbHiddenSecs; /* [-o] hidden sectors */ uint32_t bpbHugeSectors; /* [-s] big total sectors */ }; /* FAT32 extensions */ struct bsxbpb { uint32_t bpbBigFATsecs; /* [-a] big sectors per FAT */ uint16_t bpbExtFlags; /* control flags */ uint16_t bpbFSVers; /* file system version */ uint32_t bpbRootClust; /* root directory start cluster */ uint16_t bpbFSInfo; /* [-i] file system info sector */ uint16_t bpbBackup; /* [-k] backup boot sector */ }; LIMITATION
The maximum file size is 4GB, even if the file system itself is bigger. EXIT STATUS
Exit status is 0 on success and 1 on error. EXAMPLES
Create a file system, using default parameters, on /dev/ada0s1: newfs_msdos /dev/ada0s1 Create a standard 1.44M file system, with volume label foo, on /dev/fd0: newfs_msdos -f 1440 -L foo fd0 Create a 30MB image file, with the FAT partition starting 63 sectors within the image file: newfs_msdos -C 30M -@63s ./somefile SEE ALSO
disktab(5), disklabel(8), fdisk(8), newfs(8) HISTORY
The newfs_msdos utility first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0. AUTHORS
Robert Nordier <rnordier@FreeBSD.org> BSD
October 1, 2013 BSD
Man Page