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launchservicesd(8) [osx man page]

launchservicesd(8)					    BSD System Manager's Manual 					launchservicesd(8)

NAME
launchservicesd SYNOPSIS
launchservicesd [--server] DESCRIPTION
launchservicesd is used internally by MacOS X to track and coordinate information about the running applications on the system. FILES
/System/Library/CoreServices/launchservicesd SEE ALSO
lsappinfo(8) HISTORY
launchservicesd was introduced in MacOS 10.9. Darwin June 2, 2019 Darwin

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LSAPPINFO(8)															      LSAPPINFO(8)

NAME
lsappinfo - Control and query CoreApplicationServices about the app state on the system SYNOPSIS
lsappinfo [options] [ command [command options] ] ... COMMON COMMANDS
o front Show the front application. o find [ key=value ]+ Show the ASN of all applications which have the given key/value present in their application information. For key the actual CFString value for the key can be used, or any of the aliases described below under Key Strings. For value, see the rules below under Key Val- ues. o info [-only information-item-key] [-app app-specifier] [-long][app-specifier] Show the information for the application app-specifier o list Show the application list and information about each running application o listen [+notificationcode]* [-notificationcode]* [-addasn asn] [-removeasn asn] [ -id # ] duration [--] Listen for the given notifications ( those with '+', excluding those with '-' ) and display each one and its payload. Notifications are displayed when they receive when this tool is executing a wait or forever command. o launch [[launch-modifier=value]+ [launch-option=value]+ [-arg argument] [path-to-bundle] [--] Launch an application with CoreApplicationServices in LaunchServices. At the minimum, the execpath must be included as one of the launch-options or -poseas and a path-to-bundle. This is a fairly low level operation and does not handle a number of conditions that the higher level functions do. o metainfo Show the meta information, which is the session-wide information which CoreApplicationServices maintains for each login session. o processList Show the application list, in ascending ASN order. o restart Ask the launchservicesd to restart. The requestor must be privileged. o sharedmemory Show the shared memory information page for this session. o unlisten [ -id ID ] [ -all ] Unlisten to all notifications on notification ID. o visibleProcessList Show the visible ( front-to-back ) application list. UNCOMMON COMMANDS
o allocateASN Ask launchservicesd to allocate an ASN, and print it out. o createFile PATH Create a file at the given path o file path Open the file at path and read lines, treating each one as if it were passed to lsappinfo on the command line. o forever Wait forever before executing the next command o log [ -d | -i | -n | -w | -e | -c | -a ] [ -B ] [ -sender *processname* ] [ string ... -- ] If an option is given, dump any LaunchSer- vices logging information on the system until the process is terminated with control-C. If a string is provided, log that string to syslog. o removeFile PATH Remove the file at the given path o server [ -xpcservicename ARG ] [ -local ] [ -duration *DURATION* ] [ -file *FILEPATH* ] [ -gone FILEGONEPATH ] [ -forever ] Start up the launchservicesd server in process, with the optional given xpc service name or if -local then processing xpc requests from future commands for this same process. Terminate the server after the given DURATION seconds, or when the file at FILEPATH exists, or the file at path FILEPATHFONE is deleted, or never if -forever. o setinfo [-app app-specifier] [app-info-item=value]+ [--] Set the values for the given application information items in the specified application. o setmetainfo [meta-info-item=value]+ [--] o wait [ -duration duration ] [ -file FILEPATH ] [ -gone FILEPATHGONE ] duration Wait for duration seconds before executing the next com- mand, or if FILEPATH is given until that file exists, or if FILEPATHGONE is given until that file no longer exists. o writePIDToFile PATH Write the current processes pid to a file at PATH. OPTIONS
o -v | --verbose Be more verbose about many operations o -q | --quiet Be less verbose about many operations o -defaultSession Use kLSDefaultSessionID as the sessionID passed to all calls (the default) o -currentSession Use kLSCurrentSessionID as the sessionID passed to all calls o -debug | -info | -notice | -warning | -err | -critical | -alert | -emergency Set the log level for this process to the given level APPLICATION SPECIFIERS
There are different ways to indicate what application the commands operate on, collectively called the app-specifier. This may be one of the following. o "ASN:0xAAAA:0xBBBB:" where AAAA and BBBB are the values for an application ASN. o "0xBBBB" where BBBB are the values from the lower part of an application ASN for which the upper part of the ASN is 0x0 o "#" where # is a decimal value above 10, representing the application with the pid # o "name" where name is the display name of a running application o "bundleid" where bundleid is the bundle id of a running application o "me" the asn of the lsappinfo tool KEY STRINGS
Any string from this set will map to the corresponding constant from the LaunchServices header files. kCFBundleNameKey kLSASNKey kLSASNToBringForwardAtNextApplicationExitKey kLSAllowedToBecomeFrontmostKey kLSApplicationBackgroundOnlyTypeKey kLSApplicationBackgroundPriorityKey kLSApplicationCountKey kLSApplicationDesiresAttentionKey, kLSApplicationForegroundPriorityKey kLSApplicationForegroundTypeKey kLSApplicationHasRegisteredKey kLSApplicationHasSignalledItIsReadyKey kLSApplicationInStoppedStateKey kLSApplicationInThrottledStateAfterLaunchKey kLSApplicationInformationSeedKey kLSApplicationIsHiddenKey kLSApplicationListSeedKey kLSApplicationReadyToBeFrontableKey kLSApplicationTypeKey kLSApplicationTypeToRestoreKey kLSApplicationUIElementTypeKey kLSApplicationVersionKey kLSApplicationWasTerminatedByTALKey kLSApplicationWouldBeTerminatedByTALKey kLSArchitectureKey kLSBundleIdentifierLowerCaseKey kLSBundlePathDeviceIDKey kLSBundlePathINodeKey kLSBundlePathKey kLSCheckInTimeKey kLSDebugLevelKey kLSDisplayNameKey kLSExecutableFormatCFMKey kLSExecutableFormatKey kLSExecutableFormatMachOKey kLSExecutableFormatPoundBangKey kLSExecutablePathDeviceIDKey kLSExecutablePathINodeKey kLSExecutablePathKey kLSExitStatusKey kLSFileCreatorKey kLSFileTypeKey kLSFlavorKey kLSFrontApplicationSeedKey kLSHiddenApplicationCountKey kLSLaunchTimeKey kLSLaunchedByLaunchServicesKey kLSLaunchedByLaunchServicesThruForkExecKey kLSLaunchedByLaunchServicesThruLaunchDKey kLSLaunchedByLaunchServicesThruSessionLauncherKey kLSLaunchedInQuarantineKey kLSMenuBarOwnerApplicationSeedKey kLSModifierLaunchedForPersistenceKey kLSModifierRefConKey kLSNotifyBecameFrontmostAnotherLaunchKey kLSNotifyBecameFrontmostFirstActivationKey kLSNotifyLaunchRequestLaunchModifiersKey kLSOriginalExecutablePathDeviceIDKey kLSOriginalExecutablePathINodeKey kLSOriginalExecutablePathKey kLSOriginalPIDKey kLSPIDKey kLSParentASNKey kLSParentASNWasInferredKey kLSPersistenceSuppressRelaunchAtLoginKey kLSPreviousASNKey kLSPreviousPresentationModeKey kLSPreviousValueKey kLSRecordingAppleEventsKey kLSRequiresCarbonKey kLSSessionIDKey kLSShellExecutablePathKey kLSUIDsInSessionKey kLSUIPresentationModeAllHiddenValue kLSUIPresentationModeAllSuppressedValue kLSUIPresentationModeContentHiddenValue kLSUIPresentationModeContentSuppressedValue kLSUIPresentationModeKey kLSUIPresentationModeNormalValue kLSUIPresentationOptionsKey kLSUnhiddenApplicationCountKey kLSVisibleApplicationCountKey kLSVisibleApplicationListSeedKey kLSWantsToComeForwardAtRegistrationTimeKey launchedThrottled Likewise, these short strings also make to the corresponding constants. allowedtobecomefrontmost applicationTypeToRestore applicationWasTerminatedByTAL applicationtype arch asn bundleid bundlelastcomponent bundlename bundlenamelc bundlepath changecount creator debuglevel displayname execpath executablepath filecreator filename filetype hidden isconnectedtowindowserver isready isregistered isstopped isthrottled launchedForPersistence launchedinquarantine name parentasn pid presentationmode presentationoptions psn recordingAppleEvents session shellpath supressRelaunch version KEY VALUES
In numerous places a key can be set to a value. The format of value can be any of the following o "string" A string, surrounded by double quotes. o numeric-digits | -numeric-digits | numeric-digits.numeric-digits[E]numeric-digits A numeric value, either an integer type or a double floating point type. o $hex-digits A numeric value given by the hex value hex-digits. o "ASN:0xAAAA:0xBBBB:" An ASN, where AAAA and BBBB are the values for an application ASN. o App:str An ASN, where str matches one of the application-specifier formats. o ( [[str,] str] ) A CFArrayRef, where each str is converted as if it were a key value. o true The kCFBooleanTrue value. o false The kCFBooleanFalse value. o null The kCFNull value. o Any of the application information item, or launch modifier strings The equivalent, exported LaunchServices CFStringRef key for the item or launch modifier. APPLICATION INFORMATION ITEM KEYS
o asn An application ASN, which is unique identifier assigned to each application when the application is launched and persists until the application exits, and likely is unique for the entire time a user is logged in. When displayed, an ASN looks like "ASN:0x0-0x1f01f:". o parentasn The ASN of the application which launched this application. o bundlename The bundle name, if one exists, for the application. o bundlenamelc The bundle name, if one exists, for the application, but with every upper case character converted into the equivalent lower case character. o bundlepath The bundle path, if the application is bundled o executablepath The executable path of the application o filetype The file type of the application, if it has one. o filecreator The creator type of the application, if it has one. o pid The pid of the application. o filename The filename of the executable (the last component of the executable path), converted into a lowercase string o bundlelastcomponent The last component of the bundle path, converted into a lowercase string. o displayname | name The display name of this application o bundleid The bundle identifier of the application, if one exists. o applicationtype The type of the application (generally "Foreground", "Background", or "UIElement") o allowedtobecomefrontmost The application is allowed to be frontmost. o version The version string for the application, if it has one o presentationmode The UIPresentationMode for this application (only for foreground applications), generally one of "Normal", "ContentSu- pressed", "ContentHidden", "Suppressed", "AllHidden" o presentationoptions o session A number indicating which audit session this application is running in. o hidden If this application is a foreground application, then if it is hidden, "true", or "false" if it is not hidden o changecount A number which changes whenever any items in the application's information dictionary is changed. o debuglevel o isregistered If this application has registered, then "true", otherwise "false". o isready If this application has entered its main runloop and is able to respond to requests to hide or show itself, "true", otherwise "false". o isstopped If this application was launched stopped, and if it has not been started yet, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. o launchedinquarantine If this application was launched in a quarantined state, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. o arch The architecture of the code running this application, generally "x86_64" or "i386". o recordingAppleEvents If this application is recording AppleEvents, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. o supressRelaunch If this application should not be re-launched after a logout and login, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. o applicationTypeToRestore o applicationWasTerminatedByTAL o isthrottled If this application was launched in the throttled state, and if it has not been unthrottled, then "true", otherwise false or not present. o applicationWouldBeTerminatedByTALKey o launchedhidden If the application was launched hidden, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. This is not whether the applica- tion is currently hidden, just whether at the time it was launched the request was to have it hide itself. o launchandhideothers If the application was launched and asked to hide all other application, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. This is not whether the application is currently hidden, just whether at the time it was launched the request was to have it hide all other applications. o launchForPersistence If the application was launched with launchForPersistence=true, then "true", otherwise "false" or not present. LAUNCHMODIFIER KEYS
o async=[true|false] Launch asynchronously o refcon=[#] Launch with the given numeric refcon. o nofront=[true|false] If true, do not bring the application to the front when it finishes launching o stopped=[true|false] Launch the process but do not start it. o launchandhide=[true|false] Launch the process and cause it to hide itself when it finishes launching o launchandhideothers`=[true|false] Launch the process and couse it to hide all other applications when it finishes launching o launchForPersistence=[true|false] o launchWithASLRDisabled=[true|false] NOTIFICATION CODES
Notifications are sent out by LaunchServices when various conditions arrive. Each notification has a type, called the notification-code, a dictionary of data items which are specific to the notification, a time the notification was sent, and an optional affected ASN. o launch Sent when an application is launched o creation Sent when an entry for an application is created on the system and associated with an ASN. o birth Sent when an o death Sent when an application exits. o abnormaldeath Sent when an application exits with a non-zero exit status. o childDeath Sent when an application exits, with affected ASN set to the parent ASN of the application which exited. o abnormalChildDeath Sent when an application exits with a non-zero exit status, with affected ASN set to the parent ASN of the application which exited. o launchFailure Sent when an application launch fails, after a launch notification has been sent out. o appCreation Sent when an application is "created", which happens immediately after the application is created and certain items are added into the application information dictionary. o childAppCreation Sent when an application is "created", which happens immediately after the application is created and certain items are added into the application information dictionary, with affected ASN set to the asn of the parent ASN of this application. o appReady Sent when an applications signals to LaunchServices that it is ready to accept hide/show events, generally when it has entered its main runloop. o childAppReady Sent when an applications signals to LaunchServices that it is ready to accept hide/show events, generally when it has entered its main runloop, with affected ASN set to the parent ASN of the application which signalled ready. o readyToAcceptAppleEvents Sent when an application signals that it is ready to accept AppleEvents. o launchTimedOut o launchFinished o allTALAppsRegistered Sent when talagentd decides that all applications which were launched for persistence have registered. o becameFrontmost Sent when an application is made into the front application. o lostFrontmost Sent when an application which previously was the front application is no longer the front application. o orderChanged Sent when the front-to-back order of the application list changes. o bringForwardRequest Someone has requested that the application with affected ASN make itself frontmost. o menuBarAcquired Sent when the application which is responsible for drawing the menu bar (generally the frontmost foreground application) changes o menuBarLost Sent when the application which was responsible for drawing the menu bar (generally the frontmost foreground application) is no longer responsible o hidden Sent when the application is hidden o shown Sent when the application is shown o showRequest Someone has requested that the application with the affected application asn should show (un-hide) itself. o hideRequest Someone has requested that the application with the affected application asn should hide itself. o pullwindowsforward Someone has requested that the application with the affected application asn should show itself and pull all of its windows forward. o appInfoChanged Sent when the information for the application is changed. o appInfoKeyAdded Sent when a key is added to the information for the application. The data for the notification will include the key being added and its value. o appInfoKeyChanged Sent when a value for an item in the application information is changed. The data for the notification will include the key being changes and its new and old value. o appInfoKeyRemoved Sent when the value for an item in the application information is removed. The data for the notification will include the key being removed and its value. o appTypeChanged Sent when the "ApplicationType" key in the application information is changed. o appNameChanged Sent when the application name in the application information is changed. o wantsAttentionChanged Sent when the LSWantsAttention key in the application information is changed. o presentationModeChanged Sent when an application changes its presentation mode. o pidChanged Sent when an application changes its pid. In practice this can never happen, except when LaunchServices launches a process which itself forks or spawns a new process, and then checks-in from that new pid. o frontPresentationModeChanged Sent when the presentation mode of the system changes, generally when the foreground application changes its own presentation mode or when the front application changes and the old and new applications have different presentation modes. o presentationModeChangedBecauseFrontApplicationChanged Sent when the presentation mode of the system changes only because the front application changed and the old and new applications have dif- ferent presentation modes. o launchrequest o started Sent when a formally stopped application is started. o sessionLauncherRegister Sent when the ASN of the session launcher application registers with LaunchServices. o sessionLauncherUnregistered Sent when the application registered as the session launcher unregisters or exits. o nextAppToBringForwardAtQuitRegistered Sent when the meta-information item for the next application to bring forward ASN is changed o nextAppToBringForwardAtQuitUnregistered o systemProcessRegistered Sent when the system process (generally loginwindow) registers with LaunchServices. o systemProcessUnregistered Sent when the system process (generally loginwindow) unregisters with LaunchServices. o frontReservationCreated Sent when a front-reservation is created. o frontReservationDestroyed Sent when a front reservation is destroyed. o permittedFrontASNsChanged Sent when the array of permitted-front-applications changes. o suppressRelaunch Sent when an application changes its "LSSupressRelaunch" key. o terminatedByTALChanged Sent when an application changes its "TerminatedByTAL" key. o launchedThrottledChanged Sent when an application changes * applicationWouldBeTerminatedByTALChanged * applicationProgressValueChanged * applicationVisualNotifica- tion * wakeup Request that the application with affected ASN resume running its main runloop. o sessionCreated Sent when a session is created, generally when the first application registers inside the session. Affected ASN is always NULL, since this does not refer to any particular application. o sessionDestroyed Sent when a session is destroyed. Affected ASN is always NULL, since this does not refer to any particular application. o invalid This represents an invalid notification code, and is never sent. o all This represents all notification codes, and is never sent, but gets used when specifying which notifications to listen for. EXAMPLES
o List all of the running applications lsappinfo list o Show all the notifications which are being sent out lsappinfo listen +all forever o Show the notifications sent out whenever the front application is changed, for the next 60 seconds lsappinfo listen +becameFrontmost wait 60 o Launch TextEdit.app, asyncronously, and don't bring it to the front lsappinfo launch nofront=true async=true /Applications/TextEdit.app/ o Find the ASN for the running application "TextEdit", by bundle id lsappinfo find bundleid=com.apple.TextEdit o Find the ASN for the running application "TextEdit", by name lsappinfo find name="TextEdit" o Show the information for the running application "TextEdit" lsappinfo info "TextEdit" April 2013 LSAPPINFO(8)
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