CONFIGD(8) BSD System Manager's Manual CONFIGD(8)
configd -- System Configuration Daemon
configd [-bdv] [-B bundleID] [-V bundleID] [-t bundle-path]
The configd daemon is responsible for many configuration aspects of the local system. configd maintains data reflecting the desired and cur-
rent state of the system, provides notifications to applications when this data changes, and hosts a number of configuration agents in the
form of loadable bundles.
Each configuration agent is responsible for a well-defined aspect of configuration management. The agents look to one or more input sources
(preferences, low-level kernel events, configd notifications, etc) and, through a set of policy modules, interacts with the system to estab-
lish the desired operational configuration.
Access to the data maintained by configd is via the SystemConfiguration.framework SCDynamicStore APIs.
The command line options are as follows:
-b Don't actually load any bundles.
Prevents the loading of the bundle with the specified bundleID.
-d Run configd in the foreground without forking. This is useful for debugging.
-v Puts configd into verbose mode. Displays debugging information about bundles as they are being loaded.
Turns verbose mode on for the bundle with the specified bundleID.
Loads only the bundle specified by bundle-path.
At the present time, the majority of the configuration agents (or bundles) hosted by configd are used to establish and maintain the network
configuration. These agents include:
This bundle is responsible for monitoring kernel events and conveying changes to the network state (e.g. link status) to other configuration
agents and interested applications.
This bundle provides a name to each of the system's network interfaces. The bundle queries the IOKit Registry for a list of network devices
attached to the system and gives them BSD style names such as "en0".
This agent is responsible for establishing and maintaining IPv4 addresses on the system. These addresses may be manually specified in the
network preferences or acquired using DHCP (or BOOTP).
This agent is responsible for establishing and maintaining IPv6 addresses on the system.
This agent is responsible for establishing and maintaining the primary network service, the default route, the active DNS configuration, and
the active network proxies on the system.
This agent is responsible for establishing and maintaining the media type, media options, and MTU for ethernet interfaces.
This agent is responsible for conveying the network configuration preferences specified by the administrator to the various configuration
agents (IPv4, IPv6, ...).
This agent is responsible for establishing and maintaining PPP connections on the system.
Directory of configd bundles
Default directory for system configuration persistent store files.
.../preferences.plist System configuration
.../NetworkInterfaces.plist Network interface --> BSD interface mappings
.../VirtualNetworkInterfaces.plist Virtual network interface (VLAN) configuration
Log messages generated by configd and any configuration agents will are sent to the system log daemon by syslog(3). The syslog facility used
is LOG_DAEMON. If the -d option is specified, log messages with written to stdout (or stderr if the priority is greater than LOG_NOTICE).
configd was designed to run without any intervention but if you insist on sending a signal to the daemon then the following are available:
SIGHUP This signal, typically used to tell a daemon to reload its configuration, is ignored (there is no configuration).
SIGTERM This signal initiates a "graceful" shutdown of the daemon.
The configd daemon appeared in Mac OS X Public Beta.
Unless started with the -d option, configd will register with launchd(8) such that the daemon will be restarted in the event of a crash.
This registration will be removed during "graceful" shutdowns of the daemon.
This daemon and its current behavior may change without notice. Do not rely on its existence or its behavior. Consider it an unsupported
Mac OS X June 18, 2009 Mac OS X