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FindBin(3pm)						 Perl Programmers Reference Guide					      FindBin(3pm)

FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script SYNOPSIS
use FindBin; use lib "$FindBin::Bin/../lib"; or use FindBin qw($Bin); use lib "$Bin/../lib"; DESCRIPTION
Locates the full path to the script bin directory to allow the use of paths relative to the bin directory. This allows a user to setup a directory tree for some software with directories "<root>/bin" and "<root>/lib", and then the above example will allow the use of modules in the lib directory without knowing where the software tree is installed. If perl is invoked using the -e option or the perl script is read from "STDIN" then FindBin sets both $Bin and $RealBin to the current directory. EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
$Bin - path to bin directory from where script was invoked $Script - basename of script from which perl was invoked $RealBin - $Bin with all links resolved $RealScript - $Script with all links resolved KNOWN ISSUES
If there are two modules using "FindBin" from different directories under the same interpreter, this won't work. Since "FindBin" uses a "BEGIN" block, it'll be executed only once, and only the first caller will get it right. This is a problem under mod_perl and other persistent Perl environments, where you shouldn't use this module. Which also means that you should avoid using "FindBin" in modules that you plan to put on CPAN. To make sure that "FindBin" will work is to call the "again" function: use FindBin; FindBin::again(); # or FindBin->again; In former versions of FindBin there was no "again" function. The workaround was to force the "BEGIN" block to be executed again: delete $INC{''}; require FindBin; AUTHORS
FindBin is supported as part of the core perl distribution. Please send bug reports to <> using the perlbug program included with perl. Graham Barr <> Nick Ing-Simmons <> COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 1995 Graham Barr & Nick Ing-Simmons. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. perl v5.16.2 2012-10-11 FindBin(3pm)

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Find::Lib(3pm)						User Contributed Perl Documentation					    Find::Lib(3pm)

Find::Lib - Helper to smartly find libs to use in the filesystem tree VERSION
Version 1.01 SYNOPSIS
#!/usr/bin/perl -w; use strict; ## simple usage use Find::Lib '../mylib'; ## more libraries use Find::Lib '../mylib', 'local-lib'; ## More verbose and backward compatible with Find::Lib < 1.0 use Find::Lib libs => [ 'lib', '../lib', 'devlib' ]; ## resolve some path with minimum typing $dir = Find::Lib->catdir("..", "data"); $path = Find::Lib->catfile("..", "data", "test.yaml"); $base = Find::Lib->base; # or $base = Find::Lib::Base; DESCRIPTION
The purpose of this module is to replace use FindBin; use lib "$FindBin::Bin/../bootstrap/lib"; with something shorter. This is specially useful if your project has a lot of scripts (For instance tests scripts). use Find::Lib '../bootstrap/lib'; The important differences between FindBin and Find::Lib are: o symlinks and '..' If you have symlinks in your path it respects them, so basically you can forget you have symlinks, because Find::Lib will do the natural thing (NOT ignore them), and resolve '..' correctly. FindBin breaks if you do: use lib "$Bin/../lib"; and you currently are in a symlinked directory, because $Bin resolved to the filesystem path (without the symlink) and not the shell path. o convenience it's faster too type, and more intuitive (Exporting $Bin always felt weird to me). DISCUSSION
Installation and availability of this module The usefulness of this module is seriously reduced if Find::Lib is not already in your @INC / $ENV{PERL5LIB} -- Chicken and egg problem. This is the big disavantage of FindBin over Find::Lib: FindBin is distributed with Perl. To mitigate that, you need to be sure of global availability of the module in the system (You could install it via your favorite package managment system for instance). modification of $0 and chdir (BEGIN blocks, other 'use') As soon as Find::Lib is compiled it saves the location of the script and the initial cwd (current working directory), which are the two pieces of information the module relies on to interpret the relative path given by the calling program. If one of cwd, $ENV{PWD} or $0 is changed before Find::Lib has a chance to do its job, then Find::Lib will most probably die, saying "The script cannot be found". I don't know a workaround that. So be sure to load Find::Lib as soon as possible in your script to minimize problems (you are in control!). (some programs alter $0 to customize the display line of the process in the system process-list ("ps" on unix). (Note, see perlvar for explanation of $0) USAGE
import All the work is done in import. So you need to 'use Find::Lib' and pass a list of paths to add to @INC. See "BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY" section for more retails on this topic. The paths given are (should) be relative to the location of the current script. The paths won't be added unless the path actually exists on disk base Returns the detected base (the directory where the script lives in). It's a string, and is the same as $Find::Lib::Base. catfile A shorcut to File::Spec::catfile using Find::Lib's base. catdir A shorcut to File::Spec::catdir using Find::Lib's base. BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY
in versions <1.0 of Find::Lib, the import arguments allowed you to specify a Bootstrap package. This option is now removed breaking backward compatibility. I'm sorry about that, but that was a dumb idea of mine to save more typing. But it saves, like, 3 characters at the expense of readability. So, I'm sure I didn't break anybody, because probabaly no one was relying on a stupid behaviour. However, the multiple libs argument passing is kept intact: you can still use: use Find::Lib libs => [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]; where "libs" is a reference to a list of path to add to @INC. The short forms implies that the first argument passed to import is not "libs" or "pkgs". An example of usage is given in the SYNOPSIS section. SEE ALSO
FindBin, FindBin::libs, lib, rlib, local::lib <> AUTHOR
Yann Kerherve, "<yann.kerherve at>" BUGS
Please report any bugs or feature requests to "bug-find-lib at", or through the web interface at <>. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Six Apart hackers nourrished the discussion that led to this module creation. Jonathan Steinert (hachi) for doing all the conception of 0.03 shell expansion mode with me. SUPPORT &; CRITICS I welcome feedback about this module, don't hesitate to contact me regarding this module, usage or code. You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command. perldoc Find::Lib You can also look for information at: o AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation <> o CPAN Ratings <> o RT: CPAN's request tracker <> o Search CPAN <> COPYRIGHT &; LICENSE Copyright 2007, 2009 Yann Kerherve, all rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. perl v5.12.4 2011-09-17 Find::Lib(3pm)
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