Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

mpi_scan(3openmpi) [osx man page]

MPI_Scan(3OpenMPI)														MPI_Scan(3OpenMPI)

MPI_Scan - Computes an inclusive scan (partial reduction) SYNTAX
C Syntax #include <mpi.h> int MPI_Scan(void *sendbuf, void *recvbuf, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype, MPI_Op op, MPI_Comm comm) Fortran Syntax INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_SCAN(SENDBUF, RECVBUF, COUNT, DATATYPE, OP, COMM, IERROR) <type> SENDBUF(*), RECVBUF(*) INTEGER COUNT, DATATYPE, OP, COMM, IERROR C++ Syntax #include <mpi.h> void MPI::Intracomm::Scan(const void* sendbuf, void* recvbuf, int count, const MPI::Datatype& datatype, const MPI::Op& op) const INPUT PARAMETERS
sendbuf Send buffer (choice). count Number of elements in input buffer (integer). datatype Data type of elements of input buffer (handle). op Operation (handle). comm Communicator (handle). OUTPUT PARAMETERS
recvbuf Receive buffer (choice). IERROR Fortran only: Error status (integer). DESCRIPTION
MPI_Scan is used to perform an inclusive prefix reduction on data distributed across the calling processes. The operation returns, in the recvbuf of the process with rank i, the reduction (calculated according to the function op) of the values in the sendbufs of processes with ranks 0, ..., i (inclusive). The type of operations supported, their semantics, and the constraints on send and receive buffers are as for MPI_Reduce. EXAMPLE
This example uses a user-defined operation to produce a segmented scan. A segmented scan takes, as input, a set of values and a set of log- icals, where the logicals delineate the various segments of the scan. For example, values v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 v6 v7 v8 logicals 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 result v1 v1+v2 v3 v3+v4 v3+v4+v5 v6 v6+v7 v8 The result for rank j is thus the sum v(i) + ... + v(j), where i is the lowest rank such that for all ranks n, i <= n <= j, logical(n) = logical(j). The operator that produces this effect is [ u ] [ v ] [ w ] [ ] o [ ] = [ ] [ i ] [ j ] [ j ] where ( u + v if i = j w = ( ( v if i != j Note that this is a noncommutative operator. C code that implements it is given below. typedef struct { double val; int log; } SegScanPair; /* * the user-defined function */ void segScan(SegScanPair *in, SegScanPair *inout, int *len, MPI_Datatype *dptr) { int i; SegScanPair c; for (i = 0; i < *len; ++i) { if (in->log == inout->log) c.val = in->val + inout->val; else c.val = inout->val; c.log = inout->log; *inout = c; in++; inout++; } } Note that the inout argument to the user-defined function corresponds to the right-hand operand of the operator. When using this operator, we must be careful to specify that it is noncommutative, as in the following: int i, base; SeqScanPair a, answer; MPI_Op myOp; MPI_Datatype type[2] = {MPI_DOUBLE, MPI_INT}; MPI_Aint disp[2]; int blocklen[2] = {1, 1}; MPI_Datatype sspair; /* * explain to MPI how type SegScanPair is defined */ MPI_Get_address(a, disp); MPI_Get_address(a.log, disp + 1); base = disp[0]; for (i = 0; i < 2; ++i) disp[i] -= base; MPI_Type_struct(2, blocklen, disp, type, &sspair); MPI_Type_commit(&sspair); /* * create the segmented-scan user-op * noncommutative - set commute (arg 2) to 0 */ MPI_Op_create((MPI_User_function *)segScan, 0, &myOp); ... MPI_Scan(a, answer, 1, sspair, myOp, comm); USE OF IN-PLACE OPTION WHen the communicator is an intracommunicator, you can perform a scanning operation in place (the output buffer is used as the input buf- fer). Use the variable MPI_IN_PLACE as the value of the sendbuf argument. The input data is taken from the receive buffer and replaced by the output data. NOTES ON COLLECTIVE OPERATIONS
The reduction functions of type MPI_Op do not return an error value. As a result, if the functions detect an error, all they can do is either call MPI_Abort or silently skip the problem. Thus, if the error handler is changed from MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL to something else (e.g., MPI_ERRORS_RETURN), then no error may be indicated. The reason for this is the performance problems in ensuring that all collective routines return the same error value. ERRORS
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ func- tions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object. Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error. See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes. SEE ALSO
MPI_Exscan MPI_Op_create MPI_Reduce Open MPI 1.2 September 2006 MPI_Scan(3OpenMPI)
Man Page