MPI_Comm_create - Creates a new communicator.
int MPI_Comm_create(MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Group group, MPI_Comm *newcomm)
MPI_COMM_CREATE(COMM, GROUP, NEWCOMM, IERROR)
INTEGER COMM, GROUP, NEW, IERROR
MPI::Intercomm MPI::Intercomm::Create(const Group& group) const
MPI::Intracomm MPI::Intracomm::Create(const Group& group) const
comm Communicator (handle).
group Group, which is a subset of the group of comm (handle).
newcomm New communicator (handle).
IERROR Fortran only: Error status (integer).
This function creates a new communicator newcomm with communication group defined by group and a new context. The function sets newcomm to
a new communicator that spans all the processes that are in the group. It sets newcomm to MPI_COMM_NULL for processes that are not in the
group. The call is erroneous if not all group arguments have the same value, or if group is not a subset of the group associated with
comm. Note that the call must be executed by all processes in comm, even if they do not belong to the new group.
MPI_Comm_create provides a means of making a subset of processes for the purpose of separate MIMD computation, with separate communication
space. newcomm, which is created by MPI_Comm_create, can be used in subsequent calls to MPI_Comm_create (or other communicator construc-
tors) to further subdivide a computation into parallel sub-computations. A more general service is provided by MPI_Comm_split.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ func-
tions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism
will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for
I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be
used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.
Open MPI 1.2 September 2006 MPI_Comm_create(3OpenMPI)