CCCryptor(3cc) LOCAL CCCryptor(3cc)
CCCryptorCreate, CCryptorCreateFromData, CCCryptorRelease, CCCryptorUpdate, CCCryptorFinal, CCCryptorGetOutputLength, CCCryptorReset, CCCrypt
-- Common Cryptographic Algorithm Interfaces
These functions are found in libSystem.
CCCryptorCreate(CCOperation op, CCAlgorithm alg, CCOptions options, const void *key, size_t keyLength, const void *iv,
CCCryptorCreateFromData(CCOperation op, CCAlgorithm alg, CCOptions options, const void *key, size_t keyLength, const void *iv,
const void *data, size_t dataLength, CCCryptorRef *cryptorRef, size_t *dataUsed);
CCCryptorUpdate(CCCryptorRef cryptorRef, const void *dataIn, size_t dataInLength, void *dataOut, size_t dataOutAvailable,
CCCryptorFinal(CCCryptorRef cryptorRef, void *dataOut, size_t dataOutAvailable, size_t *dataOutMoved);
CCCryptorGetOutputLength(CCCryptorRef cryptorRef, size_t inputLength, bool final);
CCCryptorReset(CCCryptorRef cryptorRef, const void *iv);
CCCrypt(CCOperation op, CCAlgorithm alg, CCOptions options, const void *key, size_t keyLength, const void *iv, const void *dataIn,
size_t dataInLength, void *dataOut, size_t dataOutAvailable, size_t *dataOutMoved);
This interface provides access to a number of symmetric encryption algorithms. Symmetric encryption algorithms come in two "flavors" - block
ciphers, and stream ciphers. Block ciphers process data (while both encrypting and decrypting) in discrete chunks of data called blocks;
stream ciphers operate on arbitrary sized data.
The object declared in this interface, CCCryptor, provides access to both block ciphers and stream ciphers with the same API; however some
options are available for block ciphers that do not apply to stream ciphers.
The general operation of a CCCryptor is: initialize it with raw key data and other optional fields with CCCryptorCreate(); process input data
via one or more calls to CCCryptorUpdate(), each of which may result in output data being written to caller-supplied memory; and obtain pos-
sible remaining output data with CCCryptorFinal(). The CCCryptor is disposed of via CCCryptorRelease(), or it can be reused (with the same
key data as provided to CCCryptorCreate()) by calling CCCryptorReset().
CCCryptors can be dynamically allocated by this module, or their memory can be allocated by the caller.
One option for block ciphers is padding, as defined in PKCS7; when padding is enabled, the total amount of data encrypted does not have to be
an even multiple of the block size, and the actual length of plaintext is calculated during decryption.
Another option for block ciphers is Cipher Block Chaining, known as CBC mode. When using CBC mode, an Initialization Vector (IV) is provided
along with the key when starting an encrypt or decrypt operation. If CBC mode is selected and no IV is provided, an IV of all zeroes will be
CCCryptor also implements block bufferring, so that individual calls to CCCryptorUpdate() do not have to provide data whose length is aligned
to the block size. (If padding is disabled, encrypting with block ciphers does require that the *total* length of data input to CCCryptorUp-
date() call(s) be aligned to the block size.)
A given CCCryptor can only be used by one thread at a time; multiple threads can use safely different CCCryptors at the same time.
CCCryptorRef objects created with CCCryptorCreate() or CCCryptorCreateFromData() *may* be disposed of via CCCRyptorRelease() ; that call is
not strictly necessary, but if it's not performed, good security practice dictates that the caller should zero the memory provided to create
the CCCryptorRef when the caller is finished using the CCCryptorRef.
CCCryptorUpdate() is used to encrypt or decrypt data. This routine can be called multiple times. The caller does not need to align input
data lengths to block sizes; input is bufferred as necessary for block ciphers.
When performing symmetric encryption with block ciphers, and padding is enabled via kCCOptionPKCS7Padding, the total number of bytes provided
by all the calls to this function when encrypting can be arbitrary (i.e., the total number of bytes does not have to be block aligned). How-
ever if padding is disabled, or when decrypting, the total number of bytes does have to be aligned to the block size; otherwise
CCCryptFinal() will return kCCAlignmentError.
A general rule for the size of the output buffer which must be provided by the caller is that for block ciphers, the output length is never
larger than the input length plus the block size. For stream ciphers, the output length is always exactly the same as the input length. See
the discussion for CCCryptorGetOutputLength() for more information on this topic.
CCCryptFinal() finishes encryption and decryption operations and obtains the final data output. Except when kCCBufferTooSmall is returned,
the CCCryptorRef can no longer be used for subsequent operations unless CCCryptorReset() is called on it.
It is not necessary to call CCCryptorFinal() when performing symmetric encryption or decryption if padding is disabled, or when using a
It is not necessary to call CCCryptorFinal() prior to CCCryptorRelease() when aborting an operation.
Use CCCryptorGetOutputLength() to determine output buffer size required to process a given input size. Some general rules apply that allow
clients of this module to know a priori how much output buffer space will be required in a given situation. For stream ciphers, the output
size is always equal to the input size, and CCCryptorFinal() never produces any data. For block ciphers, the output size will always be less
than or equal to the input size plus the size of one block. For block ciphers, if the input size provided to each call to CCCryptorUpdate()
is is an integral multiple of the block size, then the output size for each call to CCCryptorUpdate() is less than or equal to the input size
for that call to CCCryptorUpdate(). CCCryptorFinal() only produces output when using a block cipher with padding enabled.
CCCryptorReset() reinitializes an existing CCCryptorRef with a (possibly) new initialization vector. The key contained in the CCCryptorRef is
unchanged. This function is not implemented for stream ciphers. This can be called on a CCCryptorRef with data pending (i.e. in a padded
mode operation before CCCryptFinal() is called); however any pending data will be lost in that case.
CCCrypt() is a stateless, one-shot encrypt or decrypt operation. This basically performs a sequence of CCCrytorCreate(), CCCryptorUpdate(),
CCCryptorFinal(), and CCCryptorRelease().
The following values may be returned as a status of type CCCryptorStatus.
kCCSuccess - Operation completed normally.
kCCParamError - Illegal parameter value.
kCCBufferTooSmall - Insufficent buffer provided for specified operation.
kCCMemoryFailure - Memory allocation failure.
kCCAlignmentError - Input size was not aligned properly.
kCCDecodeError - Input data did not decode or decrypt properly.
kCCUnimplemented - Function not implemented for the current algorithm.
These functions are available in OS X 10.5 and later.
CCHmac(3cc), CC_MD5(3cc), CC_SHA(3cc), CC_crypto(3cc)
AES: Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS PUB 197 (Advanced Encryption Standard),
DES: Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS PUB 46-3 (Data Encryption Standard)
3DES: NIST Special PublicationPUB 800-67 (Recommendation for the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (TDEA) Block Cipher)
March 22, 2007 BSD