Tcl_Exit(3) Tcl Library Procedures Tcl_Exit(3)
Tcl_Exit, Tcl_Finalize, Tcl_CreateExitHandler, Tcl_DeleteExitHandler, Tcl_ExitThread, Tcl_FinalizeThread, Tcl_CreateThreadExitHandler,
Tcl_DeleteThreadExitHandler, Tcl_SetExitProc - end the application or thread (and invoke exit handlers)
Tcl_ExitProc * |
int status (in) Provides information about why the application or thread exited. Exact meaning may be platform-spe-
cific. 0 usually means a normal exit, any nonzero value usually means that an error occurred.
Tcl_ExitProc *proc (in) Procedure to invoke before exiting application, or (for Tcl_SetExitProc) NULL to uninstall the cur-
rent application exit procedure.
ClientData clientData (in) Arbitrary one-word value to pass to proc.
The procedures described here provide a graceful mechanism to end the execution of a Tcl application. Exit handlers are invoked to cleanup
the application's state before ending the execution of Tcl code.
Invoke Tcl_Exit to end a Tcl application and to exit from this process. This procedure is invoked by the exit command, and can be invoked
anyplace else to terminate the application. No-one should ever invoke the exit system procedure directly; always invoke Tcl_Exit instead,
so that it can invoke exit handlers. Note that if other code invokes exit system procedure directly, or otherwise causes the application
to terminate without calling Tcl_Exit, the exit handlers will not be run. Tcl_Exit internally invokes the exit system call, thus it never
returns control to its caller. If an application exit handler has been installed (see Tcl_SetExitProc), that handler is invoked with an |
argument consisting of the exit status (cast to ClientData); the application exit handler should not return control to Tcl.
Tcl_Finalize is similar to Tcl_Exit except that it does not exit from the current process. It is useful for cleaning up when a process is
finished using Tcl but wishes to continue executing, and when Tcl is used in a dynamically loaded extension that is about to be unloaded.
On some systems Tcl is automatically notified when it is being unloaded, and it calls Tcl_Finalize internally; on these systems it not nec-
essary for the caller to explicitly call Tcl_Finalize. However, to ensure portability, your code should always invoke Tcl_Finalize when
Tcl is being unloaded, to ensure that the code will work on all platforms. Tcl_Finalize can be safely called more than once.
Tcl_ExitThread is used to terminate the current thread and invoke per-thread exit handlers. This finalization is done by Tcl_Final-
izeThread, which you can call if you just want to clean up per-thread state and invoke the thread exit handlers. Tcl_Finalize calls
Tcl_FinalizeThread for the current thread automatically.
Tcl_CreateExitHandler arranges for proc to be invoked by Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit. Tcl_CreateThreadExitHandler arranges for proc to be
invoked by Tcl_FinalizeThread and Tcl_ExitThread. This provides a hook for cleanup operations such as flushing buffers and freeing global
memory. Proc should match the type Tcl_ExitProc:
typedef void Tcl_ExitProc(ClientData clientData);
The clientData parameter to proc is a copy of the clientData argument given to Tcl_CreateExitHandler or Tcl_CreateThreadExitHandler when
the callback was created. Typically, clientData points to a data structure containing application-specific information about what to do in
Tcl_DeleteExitHandler and Tcl_DeleteThreadExitHandler may be called to delete a previously-created exit handler. It removes the handler
indicated by proc and clientData so that no call to proc will be made. If no such handler exists then Tcl_DeleteExitHandler or
Tcl_DeleteThreadExitHandler does nothing.
Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit execute all registered exit handlers, in reverse order from the order in which they were registered. This
matches the natural order in which extensions are loaded and unloaded; if extension A loads extension B, it usually unloads B before it
itself is unloaded. If extension A registers its exit handlers before loading extension B, this ensures that any exit handlers for B will
be executed before the exit handlers for A.
Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit call Tcl_FinalizeThread and the thread exit handlers after the process-wide exit handlers. This is because
thread finalization shuts down the I/O channel system, so any attempt at I/O by the global exit handlers will vanish into the bitbucket.
Tcl_SetExitProc installs an application exit handler, returning the previously-installed application exit handler or NULL if no application |
handler was installed. If an application exit handler is installed, that exit handler takes over complete responsibility for finalization |
of Tcl's subsystems via Tcl_Finalize at an appropriate time. The argument passed to proc when it is invoked will be the exit status code |
(as passed to Tcl_Exit) cast to a ClientData value.
callback, cleanup, dynamic loading, end application, exit, unloading, thread
Tcl 8.5 Tcl_Exit(3)