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pthread_atfork(3) [osx man page]

PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)					   BSD Library Functions Manual 					 PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)

pthread_atfork -- register handlers to be called before and after fork() SYNOPSIS
#include <pthread.h> int pthread_atfork(void (*prepare)(void), void (*parent)(void), void (*child)(void)); DESCRIPTION
The pthread_atfork() function is used to register functions to be called before and after fork(). The prepare handler is called before fork(), while the parent and child handlers are called after fork() in the parent and child process respectively. The prepare handlers are called in reverse order of their registration, while parent and child handlers are called in the order in which they were registered. Any of the handlers may be NULL. Important: only async-signal-safe functions are allowed on the child side of fork(). See sigaction(2) for details. RETURN VALUES
If successful, the pthread_atfork() function will return zero; otherwise an error number will be returned to indicate the error. ERRORS
pthread_atfork() will fail if: [ENOMEM] The system lacked the necessary resources to add another handler to the list. SEE ALSO
pthread_atfork() conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1996 (``POSIX.1''). BSD
August 12, 2004 BSD

Check Out this Related Man Page

PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)					     Library Functions Manual						 PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)

pthread_atfork - register handlers to be called at fork(2) time SYNOPSIS
#include <pthread.h> int pthread_atfork(void (*prepare)(void), void (*parent)(void), void (*child)(void)); DESCRIPTION
pthread_atfork registers handler functions to be called just before and just after a new process is created with fork(2). The prepare han- dler will be called from the parent process, just before the new process is created. The parent handler will be called from the parent process, just before fork(2) returns. The child handler will be called from the child process, just before fork(2) returns. One or several of the three handlers prepare, parent and child can be given as NULL, meaning that no handler needs to be called at the cor- responding point. pthread_atfork can be called several times to install several sets of handlers. At fork(2) time, the prepare handlers are called in LIFO order (last added with pthread_atfork, first called before fork), while the parent and child handlers are called in FIFO order (first added, first called). To understand the purpose of pthread_atfork, recall that fork(2) duplicates the whole memory space, including mutexes in their current locking state, but only the calling thread: other threads are not running in the child process. The mutexes are not usable after the fork and must be initialized with pthread_mutex_init in the child process. This is a limitation of the current implementation and might or might not be present in future versions. RETURN VALUE
pthread_atfork returns 0 on success and a non-zero error code on error. ERRORS
ENOMEM insufficient memory available to register the handlers. AUTHOR
Xavier Leroy <> SEE ALSO
fork(2), pthread_mutex_lock(3), pthread_mutex_unlock(3). LinuxThreads PTHREAD_ATFORK(3)
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