Path::Class(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Path::Class(3)
Path::Class - Cross-platform path specification manipulation
my $dir = dir('foo', 'bar'); # Path::Class::Dir object
my $file = file('bob', 'file.txt'); # Path::Class::File object
# Stringifies to 'foo/bar' on Unix, 'fooar' on Windows, etc.
print "dir: $dir
# Stringifies to 'bob/file.txt' on Unix, 'bobfile.txt' on Windows
print "file: $file
my $subdir = $dir->subdir('baz'); # foo/bar/baz
my $parent = $subdir->parent; # foo/bar
my $parent2 = $parent->parent; # foo
my $dir2 = $file->dir; # bob
# Work with foreign paths
use Path::Class qw(foreign_file foreign_dir);
my $file = foreign_file('Mac', ':foo:file.txt');
print $file->dir; # :foo:
print $file->as_foreign('Win32'); # foofile.txt
# Interact with the underlying filesystem:
# $dir_handle is an IO::Dir object
my $dir_handle = $dir->open or die "Can't read $dir: $!";
# $file_handle is an IO::File object
my $file_handle = $file->open($mode) or die "Can't read $file: $!";
"Path::Class" is a module for manipulation of file and directory specifications (strings describing their locations, like
'/home/ken/foo.txt' or 'C:WindowsFoo.txt') in a cross-platform manner. It supports pretty much every platform Perl runs on, including
Unix, Windows, Mac, VMS, Epoc, Cygwin, OS/2, and NetWare.
The well-known module "File::Spec" also provides this service, but it's sort of awkward to use well, so people sometimes avoid it, or use
it in a way that won't actually work properly on platforms significantly different than the ones they've tested their code on.
In fact, "Path::Class" uses "File::Spec" internally, wrapping all the unsightly details so you can concentrate on your application code.
Whereas "File::Spec" provides functions for some common path manipulations, "Path::Class" provides an object-oriented model of the world of
path specifications and their underlying semantics. "File::Spec" doesn't create any objects, and its classes represent the different ways
in which paths must be manipulated on various platforms (not a very intuitive concept). "Path::Class" creates objects representing files
and directories, and provides methods that relate them to each other. For instance, the following "File::Spec" code:
my $absolute = File::Spec->file_name_is_absolute(
File::Spec->catfile( @dirs, $file )
can be written using "Path::Class" as
my $absolute = Path::Class::File->new( @dirs, $file )->is_absolute;
or even as
my $absolute = file( @dirs, $file )->is_absolute;
Similar readability improvements should happen all over the place when using "Path::Class".
Using "Path::Class" can help solve real problems in your code too - for instance, how many people actually take the "volume" (like "C:" on
Windows) into account when writing "File::Spec"-using code? I thought not. But if you use "Path::Class", your file and directory objects
will know what volumes they refer to and do the right thing.
The guts of the "Path::Class" code live in the "Path::Class::File" and "Path::Class::Dir" modules, so please see those modules'
documentation for more details about how to use them.
The following functions are exported by default.
A synonym for "Path::Class::File->new".
dir A synonym for "Path::Class::Dir->new".
If you would like to prevent their export, you may explicitly pass an empty list to perl's "use", i.e. "use Path::Class ()".
The following are exported only on demand.
A synonym for "Path::Class::File->new_foreign".
A synonym for "Path::Class::Dir->new_foreign".
Notes on Cross-Platform Compatibility
Although it is much easier to write cross-platform-friendly code with this module than with "File::Spec", there are still some issues to be
o On some platforms, notably VMS and some older versions of DOS (I think), all filenames must have an extension. Thus if you create a
file called foo/bar and then ask for a list of files in the directory foo, you may find a file called bar. instead of the bar you were
expecting. Thus it might be a good idea to use an extension in the first place.
Ken Williams, KWILLIAMS@cpan.org
Copyright (c) Ken Williams. All rights reserved.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
Path::Class::Dir, Path::Class::File, File::Spec
perl v5.16.2 2013-08-25 Path::Class(3)