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mbtowc(3) [osx man page]

MBTOWC(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						 MBTOWC(3)

mbtowc, mbtowc_l -- convert a character to a wide-character code LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> int mbtowc(wchar_t *restrict pwc, const char *restrict s, size_t n); #include <stdlib.h> #include <xlocale.h> int mbtowc_l(wchar_t *restrict pwc, const char *restrict s, size_t n, locale_t loc); DESCRIPTION
The mbtowc() function converts a multibyte character s into a wide character, according to the current conversion state, and stores the result in the object pointed to by pwc. Up to n bytes are examined. A call with a null s pointer returns nonzero if the current encoding requires shift states, zero otherwise; if shift states are required, the shift state is reset to the initial state. While the mbtowc() function uses the current locale, the mbtowc_l() function may be passed a locale directly. See xlocale(3) for more infor- mation. RETURN VALUES
If s is NULL, the mbtowc() function returns nonzero if shift states are supported, zero otherwise. Otherwise, if s is not a null pointer, mbtowc() either returns 0 if s represents the null wide character, or returns the number of bytes pro- cessed in s, or returns -1 if no multibyte character could be recognized or converted. In this case, mbtowc()'s internal conversion state is undefined. ERRORS
The mbtowc() function will fail if: [EILSEQ] An invalid multibyte sequence was detected. [EINVAL] The internal conversion state is invalid. SEE ALSO
btowc(3), mblen(3), mbrtowc(3), mbstowcs(3), multibyte(3), wctomb(3), xlocale(3) STANDARDS
The mbtowc() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99''). BSD
April 11, 2004 BSD

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MBTOWC(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						 MBTOWC(3)

mbtowc -- converts a multibyte character to a wide character LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> int mbtowc(wchar_t * restrict pwc, const char * restrict s, size_t n); DESCRIPTION
mbtowc() usually converts the multibyte character pointed to by s to a wide character, and stores it in the wchar_t object pointed to by pwc if pwc is non-NULL and s points to a valid character. This function may inspect at most n bytes of the array beginning from s. In state-dependent encodings, s may point to the special sequence bytes to change the shift-state. Although such sequence bytes correspond to no individual wide-character code, mbtowc() changes its own state by the sequence bytes and treats them as if they are a part of the sub- sequence multibyte character. Unlike mbrtowc(3), the first n bytes pointed to by s need to form an entire multibyte character. Otherwise, this function causes an error. Calling any other functions in Standard C Library (libc, -lc) never changes the internal state of mbtowc(), except for calling setlocale(3) with changing the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale. Such setlocale(3) call causes the internal state of this function to be indeter- minate. The behaviour of mbtowc() is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale. There are special cases: s == NULL mbtowc() initializes its own internal state to an initial state, and determines whether the current encoding is state-depen- dent. This function returns 0 if the encoding is state-independent, otherwise non-zero. In this case, pwc is completely ignored. pwc == NULL mbtowc() executes the conversion as if pwc is non-NULL, but a result of the conversion is discarded. n == 0 In this case, the first n bytes of the array pointed to by s never form a complete character. Thus, the mbtowc() always fails. RETURN VALUES
Normally, the mbtowc() returns: 0 s points to a nul byte (''). positive Number of bytes for the valid multibyte character pointed to by s. There are no cases that the value returned is greater than the value of the MB_CUR_MAX macro. -1 s points to an invalid or an incomplete multibyte character. The mbtowc() also sets errno to indicate the error. When s is equal to NULL, mbtowc() returns: 0 The current encoding is state-independent. non-zero The current encoding is state-dependent. ERRORS
mbtowc() may cause an error in the following case: [EILSEQ] s points to an invalid or incomplete multibyte character. SEE ALSO
mblen(3), mbrtowc(3), setlocale(3) STANDARDS
The mbtowc() function conforms to ANSI X3.159-1989 (``ANSI C89''). The restrict qualifier is added at ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99''). BSD
February 3, 2002 BSD
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