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locale::maketext::extract(3) [osx man page]

Locale::Maketext::Extract(3)				User Contributed Perl Documentation			      Locale::Maketext::Extract(3)

Locale::Maketext::Extract - Extract translatable strings from source SYNOPSIS
my $Ext = Locale::Maketext::Extract->new; $Ext->read_po('messages.po'); $Ext->extract_file($_) for <*.pl>; # Set $entries_are_in_gettext_format if the .pl files above use # loc('%1') instead of loc('[_1]') $Ext->compile($entries_are_in_gettext_format); $Ext->write_po('messages.po'); ----------------------------------- ### Specifying parser plugins ### my $Ext = Locale::Maketext::Extract->new( # Specify which parser plugins to use plugins => { # Use Perl parser, process files with extension .pl .pm .cgi perl => [], # Use YAML parser, process all files yaml => ['*'], # Use TT2 parser, process files with extension .tt2 .tt .html # or which match the regex tt2 => [ 'tt2', 'tt', 'html', qr/.tt2?./ ], # Use My::Module as a parser for all files 'My::Module' => ['*'], }, # Warn if a parser can't process a file or problems loading a plugin warnings => 1, # List processed files verbose => 1, ); DESCRIPTION
This module can extract translatable strings from files, and write them back to PO files. It can also parse existing PO files and merge their contents with newly extracted strings. A command-line utility,, is installed with this module as well. The format parsers are loaded as plugins, so it is possible to define your own parsers. Following formats of input files are supported: Perl source files (plugin: perl) Valid localization function names are: "translate", "maketext", "gettext", "loc", "x", "_" and "__". For a slightly more accurate, but much slower Perl parser, you can use the PPI plugin. This does not have a short name (like "perl"), but must be specified in full. HTML::Mason (Mason 1) and Mason (Mason 2) (plugin: mason) HTML::Mason (aka Mason 1) Strings inside <&|/l>...</&> and <&|/loc>...</&> are extracted. Mason (aka Mason 2) Strings inside <% $.floc { %>...</%> or <% $.fl { %>...</%> or <% $self->floc { %>...</%> or <% $self->fl { %>...</%> are extracted. Template Toolkit (plugin: tt2) Valid forms are: [% | l(arg1,argn) %]string[% END %] [% 'string' | l(arg1,argn) %] [% l('string',arg1,argn) %] FILTER and | are interchangeable l and loc are interchangeable args are optional Text::Template (plugin: text) Sentences between "STARTxxx" and "ENDxxx" are extracted individually. YAML (plugin: yaml) Valid forms are _"string" or _'string', eg: title: _"My title" desc: _'My "quoted" string' Quotes do not have to be escaped, so you could also do: desc: _"My "quoted" string" HTML::FormFu (plugin: formfu) HTML::FormFu uses a config-file to generate forms, with built in support for localizing errors, labels etc. We extract the text after "_loc: ": content_loc: this is the string message_loc: ['Max string length: [_1]', 10] Generic Template (plugin: generic) Strings inside {{...}} are extracted. METHODS
Constructor new() new( plugins => {...}, warnings => 1 | 0, verbose => 0 | 1 | 2 | 3, ) See "Plugins", "Warnings" and "Verbose" for details Plugins $ext->plugins({...}); Locale::Maketext::Extract uses plugins (see below for the list) to parse different formats. Each plugin can also specify which file types it can parse. # use only the YAML plugin # only parse files with the default extension list defined in the plugin # ie .yaml .yml .conf $ext->plugins({ yaml => [], }) # use only the Perl plugin # parse all file types $ext->plugins({ perl => '*' }) $ext->plugins({ tt2 => [ 'tt', # matches base filename against /.tt$/ qr/.tt2?./, # matches base filename against regex &my_filter, # codref called ] }) sub my_filter { my ($base_filename,$path_to_file) = @_; return 1 | 0; } # Specify your own parser # only parse files with the default extension list defined in the plugin $ext->plugins({ 'My::Extract::Parser' => [] }) By default, if no plugins are specified, then it uses all of the builtin plugins, and overrides the file types specified in each plugin - instead, each plugin is tried for every file. Available plugins "perl" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::Perl For a slightly more accurate but much slower Perl parser, you can use the PPI plugin. This does not have a short name, but must be specified in full, ie: Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::PPI "tt2" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::TT2 "yaml" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::YAML "formfu" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::FormFu "mason" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::Mason "text" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::TextTemplate "generic" : Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::Generic Also, see Locale::Maketext::Extract::Plugin::Base for details of how to write your own plugin. Warnings Because the YAML and TT2 plugins use proper parsers, rather than just regexes, if a source file is not valid and it is unable to parse the file, then the parser will throw an error and abort parsing. The next enabled plugin will be tried. By default, you will not see these errors. If you would like to see them, then enable warnings via new(). All parse errors will be printed to STDERR. Also, if developing your own plugin, turn on warnings to see any errors that result from loading your plugin. Verbose If you would like to see which files have been processed, which plugins were used, and which strings were extracted, then enable "verbose". If no acceptable plugin was found, or no strings were extracted, then the file is not listed: $ext = Locale::Extract->new( verbose => 1 | 2 | 3); OR ... -v # files reported ... -v -v # files and plugins reported ... -v -v -v # files, plugins and strings reported Accessors header, set_header lexicon, set_lexicon, msgstr, set_msgstr entries, set_entries, entry, add_entry, del_entry compiled_entries, set_compiled_entries, compiled_entry, add_compiled_entry, del_compiled_entry clear PO File manipulation method read_po ($file) method write_po ($file, $add_format_marker?) Extraction extract extract_file Compilation compile($entries_are_in_gettext_style?) Merges the "entries" into "compiled_entries". If $entries_are_in_gettext_style is true, the previously extracted entries are assumed to be in the Gettext style (e.g. %1). Otherwise they are assumed to be in Maketext style (e.g. "[_1]") and are converted into Gettext style before merging into "compiled_entries". The "entries" are not cleared after each compilation; use "-"set_entries()> to clear them if you need to extract from sources with varying styles. normalize_space Lexicon accessors msgids, has_msgid, msgstr, set_msgstr msg_positions, msg_variables, msg_format, msg_out Internal utilities _default_header _maketext_to_gettext _escape _format ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Thanks to Jesse Vincent for contributing to an early version of this module. Also to Alain Barbet, who effectively re-wrote the source parser with a flex-like algorithm. SEE ALSO, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::Lexicon AUTHORS
Audrey Tang <> COPYRIGHT
Copyright 2003-2008 by Audrey Tang <>. This software is released under the MIT license cited below. The "MIT" License Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. perl v5.16.2 2011-07-20 Locale::Maketext::Extract(3)
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