LINK_ADDR(3) BSD Library Functions Manual LINK_ADDR(3)
link_addr, link_ntoa -- elementary address specification routines for link level access
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
link_addr(const char *addr, struct sockaddr_dl *sdl);
link_ntoa(const struct sockaddr_dl *sdl);
The routine link_addr() interprets character strings representing link-level addresses, returning binary information suitable for use in sys-
tem calls. The routine link_ntoa() takes a link-level address and returns an ASCII string representing some of the information present,
including the link level address itself, and the interface name or number, if present. This facility is experimental and is still subject to
For link_addr(), the string addr may contain an optional network interface identifier of the form ``name unit-number'', suitable for the
first argument to ifconfig(8), followed in all cases by a colon and an interface address in the form of groups of hexadecimal digits sepa-
rated by periods. Each group represents a byte of address; address bytes are filled left to right from low order bytes through high order
Thus le0:220.127.116.11.d.30 represents an ethernet address to be transmitted on the first Lance ethernet interface.
The direct use of these functions is deprecated in favor of the addr2ascii(3) interface; however, portable programs cannot rely on the latter
as it is not yet widely implemented.
The link_ntoa() function always returns a null terminated string. The link_addr() function has no return value. (See BUGS.)
The link_addr() and link_ntoa() functions appeared in 4.3BSD-Reno.
The returned values for link_ntoa reside in a static memory area.
The function link_addr() should diagnose improperly formed input, and there should be an unambiguous way to recognize this.
If the sdl_len field of the link socket address sdl is 0, link_ntoa() will not insert a colon before the interface address bytes. If this
translated address is given to link_addr() without inserting an initial colon, the latter will not interpret it correctly.
June 17, 1996 BSD