SETPGID(2) BSD System Calls Manual SETPGID(2)
setpgid, setpgrp -- set process group
setpgid(pid_t pid, pid_t pgid);
Setpgid() sets the process group of the specified process pid to the specified pgid. If pid is zero, then the call applies to the current
If the invoker is not the super-user, then the affected process must have the same effective user-id as the invoker or be a descendant of the
If the calling process is not already a session leader, setpgrp() sets the process group ID of the calling process to that of the calling
process. Any new session that this creates will have no controlling terminal.
Setpgid() returns 0 when the operation was successful. If the request failed, -1 is returned and the global variable errno indicates the
Setpgid() will fail and the process group will not be altered if:
[EACCES] The value of the pid argument matches the process ID of a child process of the calling process, and the child process has
successfully executed one of the exec functions.
[EINVAL] The value of the pgid argument is less than 0 or is not a value supported by the implementation.
[EPERM] The process indicated by the pid argument is a session leader.
[EPERM] The effective user ID of the requested process is different from that of the caller and the process is not a descendant of
the calling process.
[EPERM] The value of the pgid argument is valid, but does not match the process ID of the process indicated by the pid argument
and there is no process with a process group ID that matches the value of the pgid argument in the same session as the
[ESRCH] The value of the pid argument does not match the process ID of the calling process or of a child process of the calling
setpgrp(pid_t pid, pid_t pgid);
The legacy setpgrp() function is a clone of the setpgid() function, retained for calling convention compatibility with historical versions of
Use of the legacy version of the setpgrp() call will cause compiler diagnostics. Use setpgid() instead.
Use of private (and conflicting) prototypes for setpgrp() will cause compiler diagnostics. Delete the private prototypes and include
The setpgid() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1'').
4th Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4th Berkeley Distribution