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man page for lseek

LSEEK(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							  LSEEK(2)

lseek -- reposition read/write file offset SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> off_t lseek(int fildes, off_t offset, int whence); DESCRIPTION
The lseek() function repositions the offset of the file descriptor fildes to the argument offset, according to the directive whence. The argument fildes must be an open file descriptor. Lseek() repositions the file pointer fildes as follows: If whence is SEEK_SET, the offset is set to offset bytes. If whence is SEEK_CUR, the offset is set to its current location plus offset bytes. If whence is SEEK_END, the offset is set to the size of the file plus offset bytes. The lseek() function allows the file offset to be set beyond the end of the existing end-of-file of the file. If data is later written at this point, subsequent reads of the data in the gap return bytes of zeros (until data is actually written into the gap). Some devices are incapable of seeking. The value of the pointer associated with such a device is undefined. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, lseek() returns the resulting offset location as measured in bytes from the beginning of the file. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
Lseek() will fail and the file pointer will remain unchanged if: [EBADF] Fildes is not an open file descriptor. [EINVAL] Whence is not a proper value. [EINVAL] The seek location (calculated from offset and whence) is negative. [EOVERFLOW] The seek location is too large to be stored in an object of type off_t. [ESPIPE] Fildes is associated with a pipe, socket, or FIFO. SEE ALSO
dup(2), open(2) BUGS
This document's use of whence is incorrect English, but is maintained for historical reasons. STANDARDS
The lseek() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1''). 4th Berkeley Distribution April 19, 1994 4th Berkeley Distribution

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