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access(2) [osx man page]

ACCESS(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							 ACCESS(2)

NAME
access -- check access permissions of a file or pathname SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int access(const char *path, int amode); DESCRIPTION
The access() function checks the accessibility of the file named by path for the access permissions indicated by amode. The value of amode is the bitwise inclusive OR of the access permissions to be checked (R_OK for read permission, W_OK for write permission and X_OK for exe- cute/search permission) or the existence test, F_OK. All components of the pathname path are checked for access permissions (including F_OK). The real user ID is used in place of the effective user ID and the real group access list (including the real group ID) are used in place of the effective ID for verifying permission. Even if a process has appropriate privileges and indicates success for X_OK, the file may not actually have execute permission bits set. Likewise for R_OK and W_OK. RETURN VALUES
If path cannot be found or if any of the desired access modes would not be granted, then a -1 value is returned and the global integer vari- able errno is set to indicate the error. Otherwise, a 0 value is returned. ERRORS
Access to the file is denied if: [EACCES] Permission bits of the file mode do not permit the requested access, or search permission is denied on a component of the path prefix. The owner of a file has permission checked with respect to the ``owner'' read, write, and execute mode bits, members of the file's group other than the owner have permission checked with respect to the ``group'' mode bits, and all others have permissions checked with respect to the ``other'' mode bits. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. [EINVAL] An invalid value was specified for amode. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EROFS] Write access is requested for a file on a read-only file system. [ETXTBSY] Write access is requested for a pure procedure (shared text) file that is presently being executed. SEE ALSO
chmod(2), stat(2) STANDARDS
The access() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1''). CAVEAT
Access() is a potential security hole and should never be used. 4th Berkeley Distribution April 1, 1994 4th Berkeley Distribution

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access(2)							System Calls Manual							 access(2)

Name
       access - determine the accessibility of file

Syntax
       #include <unistd.h>
       accessible = access(path, mode)
       int accessible;
       char *path;
       int mode;

Description
       The  system  call,  checks the given file path for accessibility according to mode.  The argument mode is an inclusive OR of the bits R_OK,
       W_OK, and X_OK.	Specifying the argument mode as F_OK tests whether the directories leading to the file can be  searched  and  whether  the
       file exists.

       The  real  user	ID and the group access list (including the real group ID) are used to verify permissions.  This call is useful to set-UID
       programs.

       Note that only access bits are checked.	The call may indicate that a directory is writeable, but an attempt to open the  directory  fails,
       although files are present in the directory.  Additionally, a file may appear to be executable, but fails unless the file is in proper for-
       mat.

       If a path cannot be found, or if the desired access modes are not granted, a -1 value is returned; otherwise, a 0 value is returned.

Diagnostics
       Access to the file is denied if any of the following is true:

       [EACCES]       Permission bits of the file mode do not permit the requested access or search permission is denied on  a	component  of  the
		      path  prefix.   The  owner  of a file has permission checked with respect to the owner's read, write, and execute mode bits.
		      Members of the file's group, other than the owner, have permission checked with respect to the group's mode bits.  All  oth-
		      ers have permissions checked with respect to the other mode bits.

       [EFAULT]       The path points outside the process's allocated address space.

       [EIO]	      An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

       [ELOOP]	      Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

       [ENAMETOOLONG] A path component length exceeds 255 characters or the length of path exceeds 1023 characters.

       [ENOENT]       The  file  referred  to by path does not exist or the path points to an empty string and the environment defined is POSIX or
		      SYSTEM_FIVE.

       [ENOTDIR]      A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

       [EROFS]	      Write access is requested for a file on a read-only file system.

       [ESTALE]       The file handle given in the argument was invalid.  The file referred to by that file handle no longer exists  or  has  been
		      revoked.

       [ETIMEDOUT]    A  connect  request or remote file operation fails because the connected party did not respond after a period of time deter-
		      mined by the communications protocol.

       [ETXTBSY]      Write access is requested for a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed.

See Also
       chmod(2), stat(2)

																	 access(2)

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