WALL(1) BSD General Commands Manual WALL(1)NAME
wall -- write a message to users
wall [-g group] [file]
The wall utility displays the contents of file or, by default, its standard input, on the terminals of all currently logged in users.
Only the super-user can write on the terminals of users who have chosen to deny messages or are using a program which automatically denies
-g Send messages to users in this group. This option may be specified multiple times, and any user in any of the specified groups will
receive the message.
SEE ALSO mesg(1), talk(1), write(1), shutdown(8)HISTORY
A wall command appeared in PWB UNIX.
The sender's LC_CTYPE setting is used to determine which characters are safe to write to a terminal, not the receiver's (which wall has no
way of knowing).
The wall utility does not recognize multibyte characters.
BSD July 17, 2004 BSD
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WALL(1) User Commands WALL(1)NAME
wall - write a message to all users
wall [-n] [-t timeout] [-g group] [message | file]
wall displays a message, or the contents of a file, or otherwise its standard input, on the terminals of all currently logged in users.
The command will wrap lines that are longer than 79 characters. Short lines are whitespace padded to have 79 characters. The command will
always put a carriage return and new line at the end of each line.
Only the superuser can write on the terminals of users who have chosen to deny messages or are using a program which automatically denies
Reading from a file is refused when the invoker is not superuser and the program is set-user-ID or set-group-ID.
OPTIONS -n, --nobanner
Suppress the banner.
-t, --timeout timeout
Abandon the write attempt to the terminals after timeout seconds. This timeout must be a positive integer. The default value is
300 seconds, which is a legacy from the time when people ran terminals over modem lines.
-g, --group group
Limit printing message to members of group defined as a group argument. The argument can be group name or GID.
Display version information and exit.
Display help text and exit.
Some sessions, such as wdm, that have in the beginning of utmp(5) ut_type data a ':' character will not get the message from wall. This is
done to avoid write errors.
SEE ALSO mesg(1), talk(1), write(1), shutdown(8)HISTORY
A wall command appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.
The wall command is part of the util-linux package and is available from Linux Kernel Archive <https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-
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