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migratelocalkdc(1) [osx man page]

migrate(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						migrate(1)

NAME
migrateLocalKDC -- migrates a LocalKDC SYNOPSIS
migrateLocalKDC DESCRIPTION
migrateLocalKDC migrates a localKDC database from an old installation FILES
migrateLocalKDC /var/db/krb5kdc/kdc.conf SEE ALSO
configureLocalKDC(1), HISTORY
migrateLocalKDC first appeared in version 10.6 of Mac OS X. Darwin January 08, 2009 Darwin

Check Out this Related Man Page

migrate(8)						      System Manager's Manual							migrate(8)

NAME
migrate - Move a file or file pages to another volume in an AdvFS file domain SYNOPSIS
/usr/sbin/migrate [-p pageoffset] [-n pagecount] [-s volumeindex] [-d volumeindex] filename OPTIONS
Specifies the volume index number of the volume to which the pages are to be migrated. You can determine the volume index number of the volumes in an AdvFS file domain by using the showfile -x command. If you do not specify the -d option, the AdvFS determines the destina- tion of the file or the file pages. The AdvFS moves the file or the file pages to any volume or volumes with available space. Specifies the number of pages to migrate, starting at the pageoffset value. The default page count is to EOF. If you do not specify the -n option, the migrate command migrates pages from the pageoffset value to the end of the file. Specifies the page offset of the first page to migrate. The first page of the file is page 0. The default page offset is 0. If you do not specify the -p option, the migrate command migrates pages starting at page 0 of the file. Specifies the volume index number of the volume from which the pages are to be migrated. Use the showfile -x command to determine the volume index number of the volumes in an AdvFS file domain. If you specify the -s option and the volume that contains the file does not contain any data extents of that file, the utility returns success without taking any action. You must use the -s option when you are migrating striped files. You can move pages of a striped file or a stripe file segment, which is the entire portion of a striped file that resides on the specified volume, to another volume. OPERANDS
Specifies the name of the file or file pages to be migrated from the volume. The file can be simple or striped. DESCRIPTION
The migrate utility moves the specified simple (unstriped) file to another volume in the same file domain. The utility also moves pages of a simple file or pages of a striped file segment to another volume (or volumes, if necessary) within the file domain. Because there are no read/write restrictions when using this command, you can migrate a file while users are reading it, writing to it, or both, without disrupting file I/O. File migration is transparent to users. When you run the migrate utility with only the -p and -n options, the utility attempts to allocate destination pages contiguously on one destination volume in the file domain. If there are not enough free, contiguous blocks to accomplish the move, the utility then attempts to allocate the pages to the next available blocks on the same volume. If there are not enough free blocks on the same volume, the utility then attempts to moves the file to the next available volume or volumes. The utility returns an error diagnostic if it cannot accomplish the move. You must use the -s, -n, and -p options in order to move pages of a striped file from one volume to another. Only those pages assigned to the source volume are moved to the destination volume: all pages in the file are not moved. You can use the migrate utility to move heavily accessed files or pages of files to a different volume in the file domain. Use the -d option to indicate a specific volume. Also, you can use the utility to defragment a specific file, because the migrate utility defragments a file whenever possible. NOTES
The migrate utility does not evaluate your migration decisions. As a result, you can move more than one striped file segment onto the same volume, which can defeat the purpose of striping the file. The number of stripes is determined by the number of extent maps for the file although a map may point to more than one volume. If you want to change the number of stripes for the file, you must re-create the file with the desired number of stripes. RESTRICTIONS
You can only perform one migrate operation on the same file at the same time. When you migrate a striped file, you can only migrate from one source volume at a time. You must be the root user to use this utility. EXIT STATUS
The utility returns a value of 0 (zero) on success, otherwise it returns a nonzero value and an error diagnostic. EXAMPLES
The following examples perform tasks using the migrate utility. To migrate the simple file abc from its current volume to any other volume in the file domain, enter: # migrate abc To migrate the simple file abc from volume 1 of a file domain to volume 6 of a file domain, enter: # migrate -s 1 -d 6 abc To migrate pages 10 through 99 (that is, 90 pages starting at page 10) of the simple file abc from its current vol- ume to volume 2 of the file domain, enter: # migrate -p 10 -n 90 -d 2 abc The following example migrates all the pages of a file that reside on a specified volume. A file, stripe_1, is striped across Volumes 1, 2, and 3 of a six-volume AdvFS file domain. To migrate the entire stripe file segment of the stripe_1 file that is on volume 1 to volume 4 of the domain, enter: # migrate -s 1 -d 4 stripe_1 The fol- lowing example moves some, but not all, file pages on one volume of a striped file to another volume in the file domain. Use the showfile command with the -x flag to determine the volume index, the page count, and the page offset for the volume. Then specify the pages you want to migrate. In this example the file str_file is striped across three volumes (1, 2, and 3) of a four volume file domain. To move some of the pages from volume 2 to volume 4, first identify the page offset and the page count for the pages you want to move: # showfile -x str_file Id Vol PgSz Pages XtntType Segs SegSz I/O Perf File 6.8007 2 16 123 stripe 3 8 async 69% str_file extentMap: 1 pageOff pageCnt volIndex volBlock blockCnt 0 8 3 67312 624 24 8 48 8 72 8 96 7 103 1 3 67952 64 120 3 extentCnt: 2 extentMap: 2 pageOff pageCnt volIndex volBlock blockCnt 8 8 4 67312 352 32 8 56 6 62 2 4 67696 64 80 2 82 6 4 67856 96 104 8 4 68080 128 extentCnt: 4 extentMap: 3 pageOff pageCnt volIndex volBlock blockCnt 16 8 1 76048 256 40 8 64 8 1 76320 128 88 8 1 76544 128 112 8 1 76720 128 extentCnt: 4 The showfile output shows that volume 4, as shown in extent map 2, contains a total of 40 pages of the striped file starting at page offset 8. You want to migrate the first 16 pages that reside on volume 4 to volume 2. The first eight pages to be moved start at page offset 8 and end at page offset 15. The next eight pages to be moved start at page offset 32 and end at page offset 39. So the range of pages you want to move (the value of the -n flag) is 32 pages; that is, 8 to 39 inclusive. (The other pages in the range are on other volumes because the file is striped.) The command will migrate only the pages from the specified volume in the speci- fied range. # migrate -p 8 -n 32 -s 4 -d 2 str_file Because you did not move all of the pages from volume 4 to volume 2, the file is now stored on four volumes. Note, that this does not change the stripe width of the file. There are still three extent maps. To confirm the migration, reissue the showfile command. Following is part of the output showing the new extent map 2: extentMap: 2 pageOff pageCnt volIndex volBlock blockCnt 8 8 2 51920 256 32 8 56 8 4 68592 256 80 8 104 8 4 68080 128 extentCnt: 4 SEE ALSO
Commands: showfdmn(8), showfile(8), stripe(8) Files: advfs(4) migrate(8)
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