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libblkid(3) [opensolaris man page]

LIBBLKID(3)                                                     Programmer's Manual                                                    LIBBLKID(3)

NAME
libblkid - block device identification library SYNOPSIS
#include <blkid.h> cc file.c -lblkid DESCRIPTION
The libblkid library is used to identify block devices (disks) as to their content (e.g. filesystem type) as well as extracting additional information such as filesystem labels/volume names, unique identifiers/serial numbers. A common use is to allow use of LABEL= and UUID= tags instead of hard-coding specific block device names into configuration files. The low-level part of the library also allows to extract infomation about partitions and block device topology. The high-level part of the library keeps information about block devices in a cache file /etc/blkid.tab and is verified to still be valid before being returned to the user (if the user has read permission on the raw block device, otherwise not). The cache file also allows unprivileged users (normally anyone other than root, or those not in the "disk" group) to locate devices by label/id. The standard loca- tion of the cache file can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_FILE. In situations where one is getting information about a single known device, it does not impact performance whether the cache is used or not (unless you are not able to read the block device directly). The high-level part of the library supports two methods to evaluate LABEL/UUID. It reads information directly from a block device or read information from /dev/disk/by-* udev symlinks. The udev is preferred method by default. If you are dealing with multiple devices, use of the cache is highly recommended (even if empty) as devices will be scanned at most one time and the on-disk cache will be updated if possible. In some cases (modular kernels), block devices are not even visible until after they are accessed the first time, so it is critical that there is some way to locate these devices without enumerating only visible devices, so the use of the cache file is required in this situa- tion. CONFIGURATION FILE
The standard location of the /etc/blkid.conf config file can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_CONF. The following options control the libblkid library: SEND_UEVENT=<yes|not> Sends uevent when /dev/disk/by-{label,uuid}/ symlink does not match with LABEL or UUID on the device. Default is "yes". CACHE_FILE=<path> Overrides the standard location of the cache file. This setting can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_FILE. Default is /etc/blkid.tab. EVALUATE=<methods> Defines LABEL and UUID evaluation method(s). Currently, the libblkid library supports "udev" and "scan" methods. More than one meth- ods may be specified in a comma separated list. Default is "udev,scan". The "udev" method uses udev /dev/disk/by-* symlinks and the "scan" method scans all block devices from the /proc/partitions file. AUTHOR
libblkid was written by Andreas Dilger for the ext2 filesystem utilties, with input from Ted Ts'o. The library was subsequently heavily modified by Ted Ts'o. The low-level probing code was rewritten by Karel Zak. FILES
/etc/blkid.tab caches data extracted from each recognized block device /etc/blkid.conf configuration file AVAILABILITY
libblkid is part of the util-linux package since version 2.15 and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/. COPYING
libblkid is available under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License (LGPL), version 2 (or at your discretion any later ver- sion). SEE ALSO
blkid(8) findfs(8) util-linux May 2009 LIBBLKID(3)

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