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All programming languages have automatic garbage collection that monitors the dynamically allocated pieces of memory and determine if any variable in the program still references it. If the memory is no longer referenced, it is 'garbage' and becomes eligible to be 'collected'.
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zonecfg(1m) [opensolaris man page]

zonecfg(1M)						  System Administration Commands					       zonecfg(1M)

NAME
zonecfg - set up zone configuration SYNOPSIS
zonecfg -z zonename zonecfg -z zonename subcommand zonecfg -z zonename -f command_file zonecfg help DESCRIPTION
The zonecfg utility creates and modifies the configuration of a zone. Zone configuration consists of a number of resources and properties. To simplify the user interface, zonecfg uses the concept of a scope. The default scope is global. The following synopsis of the zonecfg command is for interactive usage: zonecfg -z zonename subcommand Parameters changed through zonecfg do not affect a running zone. The zone must be rebooted for the changes to take effect. In addition to creating and modifying a zone, the zonecfg utility can also be used to persistently specify the resource management settings for the global zone. In the following text, "rctl" is used as an abbreviation for "resource control". See resource_controls(5). Types of Non-Global Zones In the administration of zones, it is useful to distinguish between the global zone and non-global zones. Within non-global zones, there are two types of zone root file system models: sparse and whole root. The sparse root zone model optimizes the sharing of objects. The whole root zone model provides the maximum configurability. Sparse Root Zones Non-global zones that have inherit-pkg-dir resources (described under "Resources", below) are called sparse root zones. The sparse root zone model optimizes the sharing of objects in the following ways: o Only a subset of the packages installed in the global zone are installed directly into the non-global zone. o Read-only loopback file systems, identified as inherit-pkg-dir resources, are used to gain access to other files. In this model, all packages appear to be installed in the non-global zone. Packages that do not deliver content into read-only loopback mount file systems are fully installed. There is no need to install content delivered into read-only loopback mounted file systems since that content is inherited (and visible) from the global zone. o As a general guideline, a zone requires about 100 megabytes of free disk space per zone when the global zone has been installed with all of the standard Solaris packages. o By default, any additional packages installed in the global zone also populate the non-global zones. The amount of disk space required might be increased accordingly, depending on whether the additional packages deliver files that reside in the inherit- pkg-dir resource space. An additional 40 megabytes of RAM per zone are suggested, but not required on a machine with sufficient swap space. A sparse zone inherits the following directories: /lib /platform /sbin /bin Although zonecfg allows you to remove one of these as an inherited directory, you should not do so. You should either follow the whole-root model or the sparse model; a subset of the sparse model is not tested and you might encounter unexpected problems. Adding an additional inherit-pkg-dir directory, such as /opt, to a sparse root zone is acceptable. Whole Root Zones The whole root zone model provides the maximum configurability. All of the required and any selected optional Solaris packages are installed into the private file systems of the zone. The advantages of this model include the capability for global administrators to cus- tomize their zones file system layout. This would be done, for example, to add arbitrary unbundled or third-party packages. The disk requirements for this model are determined by the disk space used by the packages currently installed in the global zone. Note - If you create a sparse root zone that contains the following inherit-pkg-dir directories, you must remove these directories from the non- global zone's configuration before the zone is installed to have a whole root zone: o /lib o /platform o /sbin o /bin Resources The following resource types are supported: attr Generic attribute. capped-cpu Limits for CPU usage. capped-memory Limits for physical, swap, and locked memory. dataset ZFS dataset. dedicated-cpu Subset of the system's processors dedicated to this zone while it is running. device Device. fs file-system inherit-pkg-dir Directory inherited from the global zone. Software packages whose contents have been transferred into that directory are inherited in read-only mode by the non-global zone and the non-global zone's packaging database is updated to reflect those packages. Such resources are not modifiable or removable once a zone has been installed with zoneadm. net Network interface. rctl Resource control. Properties Each resource type has one or more properties. There are also some global properties, that is, properties of the configuration as a whole, rather than of some particular resource. The following properties are supported: (global) zonename (global) zonepath (global) autoboot (global) bootargs (global) pool (global) limitpriv (global) brand (global) cpu-shares (global) hostid (global) max-lwps (global) max-msg-ids (global) max-sem-ids (global) max-shm-ids (global) max-shm-memory (global) scheduling-class fs dir, special, raw, type, options inherit-pkg-dir dir net address, physical, defrouter device match rctl name, value attr name, type, value dataset name dedicated-cpu ncpus, importance capped-memory physical, swap, locked capped-cpu ncpus As for the property values which are paired with these names, they are either simple, complex, or lists. The type allowed is property-spe- cific. Simple values are strings, optionally enclosed within quotation marks. Complex values have the syntax: (<name>=<value>,<name>=<value>,...) where each <value> is simple, and the <name> strings are unique within a given property. Lists have the syntax: [<value>,...] where each <value> is either simple or complex. A list of a single value (either simple or complex) is equivalent to specifying that value without the list syntax. That is, "foo" is equivalent to "[foo]". A list can be empty (denoted by "[]"). In interpreting property values, zonecfg accepts regular expressions as specified in fnmatch(5). See EXAMPLES. The property types are described as follows: global: zonename The name of the zone. global: zonepath Path to zone's file system. global: autoboot Boolean indicating that a zone should be booted automatically at system boot. Note that if the zones service is disabled, the zone will not autoboot, regardless of the setting of this property. You enable the zones service with a svcadm command, such as: # svcadm enable svc:/system/zones:default Replace enable with disable to disable the zones service. See svcadm(1M). global: bootargs Arguments (options) to be passed to the zone bootup, unless options are supplied to the "zoneadm boot" command, in which case those take precedence. The valid arguments are described in zoneadm(1M). global: pool Name of the resource pool that this zone must be bound to when booted. This property is incompatible with the dedicated-cpu resource. global: limitpriv The maximum set of privileges any process in this zone can obtain. The property should consist of a comma-separated privilege set spec- ification as described in priv_str_to_set(3C). Privileges can be excluded from the resulting set by preceding their names with a dash (-) or an exclamation point (!). The special privilege string "zone" is not supported in this context. If the special string "default" occurs as the first token in the property, it expands into a safe set of privileges that preserve the resource and security isolation described in zones(5). A missing or empty property is equivalent to this same set of safe privileges. The system administrator must take extreme care when configuring privileges for a zone. Some privileges cannot be excluded through this mechanism as they are required in order to boot a zone. In addition, there are certain privileges which cannot be given to a zone as doing so would allow processes inside a zone to unduly affect processes in other zones. zoneadm(1M) indicates when an invalid privilege has been added or removed from a zone's privilege set when an attempt is made to either "boot" or "ready" the zone. See privileges(5) for a description of privileges. The command "ppriv -l" (see ppriv(1)) produces a list of all Solaris privileges. You can specify privileges as they are displayed by ppriv. In privileges(5), privileges are listed in the form PRIV_privilege_name. For example, the privilege sys_time, as you would specify it in this property, is listed in privileges(5) as PRIV_SYS_TIME. global: brand The zone's brand type. A zone that is not assigned a brand is considered a "native" zone. global: ip-type A zone can either share the IP instance with the global zone, which is the default, or have its own exclusive instance of IP. This property takes the values shared and exclusive. global: hostid A zone can emulate a 32-bit host identifier to ease system consolidation. A zone's hostid property is empty by default, meaning that the zone does not emulate a host identifier. Zone host identifiers must be hexadecimal values between 0 and FFFFFFFE. A 0x or 0X prefix is optional. Both uppercase and lowercase hexadecimal digits are acceptable. fs: dir, special, raw, type, options Values needed to determine how, where, and so forth to mount file systems. See mount(1M), mount(2), fsck(1M), and vfstab(4). inherit-pkg-dir: dir The directory path. net: address, physical, defrouter The network address and physical interface name of the network interface. The network address is one of: o a valid IPv4 address, optionally followed by "/" and a prefix length; o a valid IPv6 address, which must be followed by "/" and a prefix length; o a host name which resolves to an IPv4 address. Note that host names that resolve to IPv6 addresses are not supported. The physical interface name is the network interface name. The default router is specified similarly to the network address except that it must not be followed by a / (slash) and a network pre- fix length. A zone can be configured to be either exclusive-IP or shared-IP. For a shared-IP zone, you must set both the physical and address prop- erties; setting the default router is optional. The interface specified in the physical property must be plumbed in the global zone prior to booting the non-global zone. However, if the interface is not used by the global zone, it should be configured down in the global zone, and the default router for the interface should be specified here. For an exclusive-IP zone, the physical property must be set and the address and default router properties cannot be set. device: match Device name to match. rctl: name, value The name and priv/limit/action triple of a resource control. See prctl(1) and rctladm(1M). The preferred way to set rctl values is to use the global property name associated with a specific rctl. attr: name, type, value The name, type and value of a generic attribute. The type must be one of int, uint, boolean or string, and the value must be of that type. uint means unsigned , that is, a non-negative integer. dataset: name The name of a ZFS dataset to be accessed from within the zone. See zfs(1M). global: cpu-shares The number of Fair Share Scheduler (FSS) shares to allocate to this zone. This property is incompatible with the dedicated-cpu resource. This property is the preferred way to set the zone.cpu-shares rctl. global: max-lwps The maximum number of LWPs simultaneously available to this zone. This property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-lwps rctl. global: max-msg-ids The maximum number of message queue IDs allowed for this zone. This property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-msg-ids rctl. global: max-sem-ids The maximum number of semaphore IDs allowed for this zone. This property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-sem-ids rctl. global: max-shm-ids The maximum number of shared memory IDs allowed for this zone. This property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-shm-ids rctl. global: max-shm-memory The maximum amount of shared memory allowed for this zone. This property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-shm-memory rctl. A scale (K, M, G, T) can be applied to the value for this number (for example, 1M is one megabyte). global: scheduling-class Specifies the scheduling class used for processes running in a zone. When this property is not specified, the scheduling class is established as follows: o If the cpu-shares property or equivalent rctl is set, the scheduling class FSS is used. o If neither cpu-shares nor the equivalent rctl is set and the zone's pool property references a pool that has a default scheduling class, that class is used. o Under any other conditions, the system default scheduling class is used. dedicated-cpu: ncpus, importance The number of CPUs that should be assigned for this zone's exclusive use. The zone will create a pool and processor set when it boots. See pooladm(1M) and poolcfg(1M) for more information on resource pools. The ncpu property can specify a single value or a range (for example, 1-4) of processors. The importance property is optional; if set, it will specify the pset.importance value for use by poold(1M). If this resource is used, there must be enough free processors to allocate to this zone when it boots or the zone will not boot. The processors assigned to this zone will not be available for the use of the global zone or other zones. This resource is incom- patible with both the pool and cpu-shares properties. Only a single instance of this resource can be added to the zone. capped-memory: physical, swap, locked The caps on the memory that can be used by this zone. A scale (K, M, G, T) can be applied to the value for each of these numbers (for example, 1M is one megabyte). Each of these properties is optional but at least one property must be set when adding this resource. Only a single instance of this resource can be added to the zone. The physical property sets the max-rss for this zone. This will be enforced by rcapd(1M) running in the global zone. The swap property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-swap rctl. The locked property is the preferred way to set the zone.max-locked-memory rctl. capped-cpu: ncpus Sets a limit on the amount of CPU time that can be used by a zone. The unit used translates to the percentage of a single CPU that can be used by all user threads in a zone, expressed as a fraction (for example, .75) or a mixed number (whole number and fraction, for example, 1.25). An ncpu value of 1 means 100% of a CPU, a value of 1.25 means 125%, .75 mean 75%, and so forth. When projects within a capped zone have their own caps, the minimum value takes precedence. The capped-cpu property is an alias for zone.cpu-cap resource control and is related to the zone.cpu-cap resource control. See resource_controls(5). The following table summarizes resources, property-names, and types: resource property-name type (global) zonename simple (global) zonepath simple (global) autoboot simple (global) bootargs simple (global) pool simple (global) limitpriv simple (global) brand simple (global) ip-type simple (global) hostid simple (global) cpu-shares simple (global) max-lwps simple (global) max-msg-ids simple (global) max-sem-ids simple (global) max-shm-ids simple (global) max-shm-memory simple (global) scheduling-class simple fs dir simple special simple raw simple type simple options list of simple inherit-pkg-dir dir simple net address simple physical simple device match simple rctl name simple value list of complex attr name simple type simple value simple dataset name simple dedicated-cpu ncpus simple or range importance simple capped-memory physical simple with scale swap simple with scale locked simple with scale capped-cpu ncpus simple To further specify things, the breakdown of the complex property "value" of the "rctl" resource type, it consists of three name/value pairs, the names being "priv", "limit" and "action", each of which takes a simple value. The "name" property of an "attr" resource is syn- tactically restricted in a fashion similar but not identical to zone names: it must begin with an alphanumeric, and can contain alphanumer- ics plus the hyphen (-), underscore (_), and dot (.) characters. Attribute names beginning with "zone" are reserved for use by the system. Finally, the "autoboot" global property must have a value of "true" or "false". Using Kernel Statistics to Monitor CPU Caps Using the kernel statistics (kstat(3KSTAT)) module caps, the system maintains information for all capped projects and zones. You can access this information by reading kernel statistics (kstat(3KSTAT)), specifying caps as the kstat module name. The following command displays kernel statistics for all active CPU caps: # kstat caps::'/cpucaps/' A kstat(1M) command running in a zone displays only CPU caps relevant for that zone and for projects in that zone. See EXAMPLES. The following are cap-related arguments for use with kstat(1M): caps The kstat module. project_caps or zone_caps kstat class, for use with the kstat -c option. cpucaps_project_id or cpucaps_zone_id kstat name, for use with the kstat -n option. id is the project or zone identifier. The following fields are displayed in response to a kstat(1M) command requesting statistics for all CPU caps. module In this usage of kstat, this field will have the value caps. name As described above, cpucaps_project_id or cpucaps_zone_id above_sec Total time, in seconds, spent above the cap. below_sec Total time, in seconds, spent below the cap. maxusage Maximum observed CPU usage. nwait Number of threads on cap wait queue. usage Current aggregated CPU usage for all threads belonging to a capped project or zone, in terms of a percentage of a single CPU. value The cap value, in terms of a percentage of a single CPU. zonename Name of the zone for which statistics are displayed. See EXAMPLES for sample output from a kstat command. OPTIONS
The following options are supported: -f command_file Specify the name of zonecfg command file. command_file is a text file of zonecfg subcommands, one per line. -z zonename Specify the name of a zone. Zone names are case sensitive. Zone names must begin with an alphanumeric character and can contain alphanumeric characters, the underscore (_) the hyphen (-), and the dot (.). The name global and all names beginning with SUNW are reserved and cannot be used. SUBCOMMANDS
You can use the add and select subcommands to select a specific resource, at which point the scope changes to that resource. The end and cancel subcommands are used to complete the resource specification, at which time the scope is reverted back to global. Certain subcom- mands, such as add, remove and set, have different semantics in each scope. Subcommands which can result in destructive actions or loss of work have an -F option to force the action. If input is from a terminal device, the user is prompted when appropriate if such a command is given without the -F option otherwise, if such a command is given with- out the -F option, the action is disallowed, with a diagnostic message written to standard error. The following subcommands are supported: add resource-type (global scope) add property-name property-value (resource scope) In the global scope, begin the specification for a given resource type. The scope is changed to that resource type. In the resource scope, add a property of the given name with the given value. The syntax for property values varies with different property types. In general, it is a simple value or a list of simple values enclosed in square brackets, separated by commas ([foo,bar,baz]). See PROPERTIES. cancel End the resource specification and reset scope to global. Abandons any partially specified resources. cancel is only applicable in the resource scope. clear property-name Clear the value for the property. commit Commit the current configuration from memory to stable storage. The configuration must be committed to be used by zoneadm. Until the in-memory configuration is committed, you can remove changes with the revert subcommand. The commit operation is attempted automati- cally upon completion of a zonecfg session. Since a configuration must be correct to be committed, this operation automatically does a verify. create [-F] [ -a path |-b | -t template] Create an in-memory configuration for the specified zone. Use create to begin to configure a new zone. See commit for saving this to stable storage. If you are overwriting an existing configuration, specify the -F option to force the action. Specify the -t template option to create a configuration identical to template, where template is the name of a configured zone. Use the -a path option to facilitate configuring a detached zone on a new host. The path parameter is the zonepath location of a detached zone that has been moved on to this new host. Once the detached zone is configured, it should be installed using the "zoneadm attach" command (see zoneadm(1M)). All validation of the new zone happens during the attach process, not during zone configuration. Use the -b option to create a blank configuration. Without arguments, create applies the Sun default settings. delete [-F] Delete the specified configuration from memory and stable storage. This action is instantaneous, no commit is necessary. A deleted con- figuration cannot be reverted. Specify the -F option to force the action. end End the resource specification. This subcommand is only applicable in the resource scope. zonecfg checks to make sure the current resource is completely specified. If so, it is added to the in-memory configuration (see commit for saving this to stable storage) and the scope reverts to global. If the specification is incomplete, it issues an appropriate error message. export [-f output-file] Print configuration to standard output. Use the -f option to print the configuration to output-file. This option produces output in a form suitable for use in a command file. help [usage] [subcommand] [syntax] [command-name] Print general help or help about given topic. info zonename | zonepath | autoboot | brand | pool | limitpriv info [resource-type [property-name=property-value]*] Display information about the current configuration. If resource-type is specified, displays only information about resources of the relevant type. If any property-name value pairs are specified, displays only information about resources meeting the given criteria. In the resource scope, any arguments are ignored, and info displays information about the resource which is currently being added or modi- fied. remove resource-type{property-name=property-value}(global scope) In the global scope, removes the specified resource. The [] syntax means 0 or more of whatever is inside the square braces. If you want only to remove a single instance of the resource, you must specify enough property name-value pairs for the resource to be uniquely identified. If no property name-value pairs are specified, all instances will be removed. If there is more than one pair is specified, a confirmation is required, unless you use the -F option. select resource-type {property-name=property-value} Select the resource of the given type which matches the given property-name property-value pair criteria, for modification. This sub- command is applicable only in the global scope. The scope is changed to that resource type. The {} syntax means 1 or more of whatever is inside the curly braces. You must specify enough property -name property-value pairs for the resource to be uniquely identified. set property-name=property-value Set a given property name to the given value. Some properties (for example, zonename and zonepath) are global while others are resource-specific. This subcommand is applicable in both the global and resource scopes. verify Verify the current configuration for correctness: o All resources have all of their required properties specified. o A zonepath is specified. revert [-F] Revert the configuration back to the last committed state. The -F option can be used to force the action. exit [-F] Exit the zonecfg session. A commit is automatically attempted if needed. You can also use an EOF character to exit zonecfg. The -F option can be used to force the action. EXAMPLES
Example 1 Creating the Environment for a New Zone In the following example, zonecfg creates the environment for a new zone. /usr/local is loopback mounted from the global zone into /opt/local. /opt/sfw is loopback mounted from the global zone, three logical network interfaces are added, and a limit on the number of fair-share scheduler (FSS) CPU shares for a zone is set using the rctl resource type. The example also shows how to select a given resource for modification. example# zonecfg -z myzone3 my-zone3: No such zone configured Use 'create' to begin configuring a new zone. zonecfg:myzone3> create zonecfg:myzone3> set zonepath=/export/home/my-zone3 zonecfg:myzone3> set autoboot=true zonecfg:myzone3> add fs zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set dir=/usr/local zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set special=/opt/local zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set type=lofs zonecfg:myzone3:fs> add options [ro,nodevices] zonecfg:myzone3:fs> end zonecfg:myzone3> add fs zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set dir=/mnt zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set special=/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s7 zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set raw=/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s7 zonecfg:myzone3:fs> set type=ufs zonecfg:myzone3:fs> end zonecfg:myzone3> add inherit-pkg-dir zonecfg:myzone3:inherit-pkg-dir> set dir=/opt/sfw zonecfg:myzone3:inherit-pkg-dir> end zonecfg:myzone3> add net zonecfg:myzone3:net> set address=192.168.0.1/24 zonecfg:myzone3:net> set physical=eri0 zonecfg:myzone3:net> end zonecfg:myzone3> add net zonecfg:myzone3:net> set address=192.168.1.2/24 zonecfg:myzone3:net> set physical=eri0 zonecfg:myzone3:net> end zonecfg:myzone3> add net zonecfg:myzone3:net> set address=192.168.2.3/24 zonecfg:myzone3:net> set physical=eri0 zonecfg:myzone3:net> end zonecfg:my-zone3> set cpu-shares=5 zonecfg:my-zone3> add capped-memory zonecfg:my-zone3:capped-memory> set physical=50m zonecfg:my-zone3:capped-memory> set swap=100m zonecfg:my-zone3:capped-memory> end zonecfg:myzone3> exit Example 2 Creating a Non-Native Zone The following example creates a new Linux zone: example# zonecfg -z lxzone lxzone: No such zone configured Use 'create' to begin configuring a new zone zonecfg:lxzone> create -t SUNWlx zonecfg:lxzone> set zonepath=/export/zones/lxzone zonecfg:lxzone> set autoboot=true zonecfg:lxzone> exit Example 3 Creating an Exclusive-IP Zone The following example creates a zone that is granted exclusive access to bge1 and bge33000 and that is isolated at the IP layer from the other zones configured on the system. The IP addresses and routing is configured inside the new zone using sysidtool(1M). example# zonecfg -z excl excl: No such zone configured Use 'create' to begin configuring a new zone zonecfg:excl> create zonecfg:excl> set zonepath=/export/zones/excl zonecfg:excl> set ip-type=exclusive zonecfg:excl> add net zonecfg:excl:net> set physical=bge1 zonecfg:excl:net> end zonecfg:excl> add net zonecfg:excl:net> set physical=bge33000 zonecfg:excl:net> end zonecfg:excl> exit Example 4 Associating a Zone with a Resource Pool The following example shows how to associate an existing zone with an existing resource pool: example# zonecfg -z myzone zonecfg:myzone> set pool=mypool zonecfg:myzone> exit For more information about resource pools, see pooladm(1M) and poolcfg(1M). Example 5 Changing the Name of a Zone The following example shows how to change the name of an existing zone: example# zonecfg -z myzone zonecfg:myzone> set zonename=myzone2 zonecfg:myzone2> exit Example 6 Changing the Privilege Set of a Zone The following example shows how to change the set of privileges an existing zone's processes will be limited to the next time the zone is booted. In this particular case, the privilege set will be the standard safe set of privileges a zone normally has along with the privilege to change the system date and time: example# zonecfg -z myzone zonecfg:myzone> set limitpriv="default,sys_time" zonecfg:myzone2> exit Example 7 Setting the zone.cpu-shares Property for the Global Zone The following command sets the zone.cpu-shares property for the global zone: example# zonecfg -z global zonecfg:global> set cpu-shares=5 zonecfg:global> exit Example 8 Using Pattern Matching The following commands illustrate zonecfg support for pattern matching. In the zone flexlm, enter: zonecfg:flexlm> add device zonecfg:flexlm:device> set match="/dev/cua/a00[2-5]" zonecfg:flexlm:device> end In the global zone, enter: global# ls /dev/cua a a000 a001 a002 a003 a004 a005 a006 a007 b In the zone flexlm, enter: flexlm# ls /dev/cua a002 a003 a004 a005 Example 9 Setting a Cap for a Zone to Three CPUs The following sequence uses the zonecfg command to set the CPU cap for a zone to three CPUs. zonecfg:myzone> add capped-cpu zonecfg:myzone>capped-cpu> set ncpus=3 zonecfg:myzone>capped-cpu>capped-cpu> end The preceding sequence, which uses the capped-cpu property, is equivalent to the following sequence, which makes use of the zone.cpu-cap resource control. zonecfg:myzone> add rctl zonecfg:myzone:rctl> set name=zone.cpu-cap zonecfg:myzone:rctl> add value (priv=privileged,limit=300,action=none) zonecfg:myzone:rctl> end Example 10 Using kstat to Monitor CPU Caps The following command displays information about all CPU caps. # kstat -n /cpucaps/ module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_project_0 class: project_caps above_sec 0 below_sec 2157 crtime 821.048183159 maxusage 2 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.637253027 usage 0 value 18446743151372347932 zonename global module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_project_1 class: project_caps above_sec 0 below_sec 0 crtime 225339.192787265 maxusage 5 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.637591677 usage 5 value 18446743151372347932 zonename global module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_project_201 class: project_caps above_sec 0 below_sec 235105 crtime 780.37961782 maxusage 100 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.637789687 usage 43 value 100 zonename global module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_project_202 class: project_caps above_sec 0 below_sec 235094 crtime 791.72983782 maxusage 100 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.637967512 usage 48 value 100 zonename global module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_project_203 class: project_caps above_sec 0 below_sec 235034 crtime 852.104401481 maxusage 75 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.638144304 usage 47 value 100 zonename global module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_project_86710 class: project_caps above_sec 22 below_sec 235166 crtime 698.441717859 maxusage 101 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.638319871 usage 54 value 100 zonename global module: caps instance: 0 name: cpucaps_zone_0 class: zone_caps above_sec 100733 below_sec 134332 crtime 821.048177123 maxusage 207 nwait 2 snaptime 235885.638497731 usage 199 value 200 zonename global module: caps instance: 1 name: cpucaps_project_0 class: project_caps above_sec 0 below_sec 0 crtime 225360.256448422 maxusage 7 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.638714404 usage 7 value 18446743151372347932 zonename test_001 module: caps instance: 1 name: cpucaps_zone_1 class: zone_caps above_sec 2 below_sec 10524 crtime 225360.256440278 maxusage 106 nwait 0 snaptime 235885.638896443 usage 7 value 100 zonename test_001 Example 11 Displaying CPU Caps for a Specific Zone or Project Using the kstat -c and -i options, you can display CPU caps for a specific zone or project, as below. The first command produces a display for a specific project, the second for the same project within zone 1. # kstat -c project_caps # kstat -c project_caps -i 1 EXIT STATUS
The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. 1 An error occurred. 2 Invalid usage. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWzoneu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Volatile | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
ppriv(1), prctl(1), zlogin(1), kstat(1M), mount(1M), pooladm(1M), poolcfg(1M), poold(1M), rcapd(1M), rctladm(1M), svcadm(1M), sysid- tool(1M), zfs(1M), zoneadm(1M), priv_str_to_set(3C), kstat(3KSTAT), vfstab(4), attributes(5), brands(5), fnmatch(5), lx(5), privileges(5), resource_controls(5), zones(5) System Administration Guide: Solaris Containers-Resource Management, and Solaris Zones NOTES
All character data used by zonecfg must be in US-ASCII encoding. SunOS 5.11 25 Feb 2009 zonecfg(1M)

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