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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #941
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A ping of death is a type of attack on a computer system that involves sending a malformed or otherwise malicious ping to a computer.
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ludesc(1m) [opensolaris man page]

ludesc(1M)                                                                                                                              ludesc(1M)

NAME
ludesc - display or set boot environment description SYNOPSIS
/usr/sbin/ludesc -A BE_description | -f {filename | -} [-l error_log] [-o outfile] [-X] /usr/sbin/ludesc -n BE_name [-f filename | -] [-l error_log] [-o outfile] [-X] /usr/sbin/ludesc -n BE_name [-l error_log] [-o outfile] [-X] BE_description DESCRIPTION
The ludesc command is part of a suite of commands that make up the Live Upgrade feature of the Solaris operating environment. See live_upgrade(5) for a description of the Live Upgrade feature. The ludesc command allows you to manipulate boot environment (BE) descriptions. A BE description is an optional attribute of a BE. It can be text or binary data. For example, it might be a string such as "S9 beta test BE" or it be a file that contains 8-bit multi-byte charac- ters. The ludesc command in general and the options to manipulate binary-format descriptions in particular are suitable for use in pro- grams. You create a BE description using ludesc or lucreate(1M). Only ludesc allows you to change a BE description or add a description following BE creation. While a BE description is associated with a BE name, it is not interchangeable with that name. No Live Upgrade command allows you to spec- ify a BE description instead of a BE name when performing an operation on a BE. A shell might restrict what you enter for a BE description (in both ludesc and lucreate(1M)). In entering a description, use the following guidelines: o Always enclose a description in single quotes ('), unless the description includes a single quote. o If your description includes a single quote, enclose the description in double quotes ("). You then must use an escape sequence (usu- ally a backslash []) to enter a character that is special to the shell. See sh(1) for a list of special characters and a description of the escape sequence mechanism. Descriptions that include many special characters might be more conveniently inserted in a file (-f option) than entered on a command line (-A option). When ludesc outputs a BE description, it does so exactly as the description was entered. Because of this feature, a description that is a text string does not have a concluding newline, which means the system prompt immediately follows the last character of the description. The ludesc command requires root privileges. OPTIONS
The ludesc command has the following options: -A BE_description Displays the BE name associated with BE_description. -f {filename | -} Specify the BE description contained in filename or read from stdin. When used without -n, displays the BE name associated with the specified BE description. Used with -n, changes the description for the specified BE to the description specified with -f. -l error_log Error and status messages are sent to error_log, in addition to where they are sent in your current environment. -n BE_name With no other arguments, displays the BE description for the specified BE. With the -f option or the BE_description operand, changes the description for the specified BE to that specified with -f or BE_description. -o outfile All command output is sent to outfile, in addition to where it is sent in your current environment. -X Enable XML output. Characteristics of XML are defined in DTD, in /usr/share/lib/xml/dtd/lu_cli.dtd.<num>, where <num> is the version number of the DTD file. OPERANDS
BE_description Used only with the -n option. BE_description replaces the current BE description for the specified BE. EXAMPLES
The following are examples of the use of ludesc. Example 1: Basic Use The first command, below, assigns a description to a BE. The second command returns the name of the BE associated with the specified description. The last command returns the description associated with a specified BE. # ludesc -n first_disk 'Test disk' Setting description for boot environment <first_disk>. Propagating the change of BE description to all BEs. # ludesc -A 'Test disk' first_disk # # ludesc -n first_disk Test disk# As seen above and noted in the DESCRIPTION, ludesc does not append a newline to the display of BE description that is a text string. Example 2: Using Binary Files The following commands are analogs of the preceding examples, substituting a binary file-here, a file containing a description in Russian, using the Cyrillic alphabet--for a text string. In the third command, note the use of a file to capture output. Sending output of a binary file to the console can produce erratic results. # ludesc -n first_disk -f arrayBE.ru Setting description for boot environment <first_disk>. Propagating the change of BE description to all BEs. # ludesc -f arrayBE.ru first_disk # ludesc -n first_disk > /tmp/arrayBE.out EXIT STATUS
The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred. FILES
/etc/lutab list of BEs on the system /usr/share/lib/xml/dtd/lu_cli.dtd.<num> Live Upgrade DTD (see -X option) ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWluu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
lu(1M), luactivate(1M), lucancel(1M), lucompare(1M), lucreate(1M), ludelete(1M), lufslist(1M), lumake(1M), lumount(1M), lurename(1M), lus- tatus(1M), luupgrade(1M), lutab(4), attributes(5), live_upgrade(5) SunOS 5.10 24 Jan 2002 ludesc(1M)

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