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PATCH(1)										 PATCH(1)

       patch - apply a diff file to an original

       patch [options] [originalfile [patchfile]]

       but usually just

       patch -pnum <patchfile

       patch  takes  a	patch file patchfile containing a difference listing produced by the diff
       program and applies those differences to one or more  original  files,  producing  patched
       versions.   Normally  the patched versions are put in place of the originals.  Backups can
       be made; see the -b or --backup option.	The names of the files to be patched are  usually
       taken  from the patch file, but if there's just one file to be patched it can specified on
       the command line as originalfile.

       Upon startup, patch attempts to determine the type of the diff listing,	unless	overruled
       by  a  -c  (--context), -e (--ed), -n (--normal), or -u (--unified) option.  Context diffs
       (old-style, new-style, and unified) and normal diffs are  applied  by  the  patch  program
       itself, while ed diffs are simply fed to the ed(1) editor via a pipe.

       patch  tries  to  skip  any  leading  garbage,  apply the diff, and then skip any trailing
       garbage.  Thus you could feed an article or message containing a diff  listing  to  patch,
       and  it	should work.  If the entire diff is indented by a consistent amount, or if a con-
       text diff contains lines ending in CRLF or is encapsulated one or more times by prepending
       "-  "  to  lines  starting  with  "-" as specified by Internet RFC 934, this is taken into
       account.  After removing indenting or encapsulation, lines beginning with #  are  ignored,
       as they are considered to be comments.

       With  context  diffs,  and to a lesser extent with normal diffs, patch can detect when the
       line numbers mentioned in the patch are incorrect, and attempts to find the correct  place
       to apply each hunk of the patch.  As a first guess, it takes the line number mentioned for
       the hunk, plus or minus any offset used in applying the previous hunk.  If that is not the
       correct	place,	patch  scans  both forwards and backwards for a set of lines matching the
       context given in the hunk.  First patch looks for a place where all lines of  the  context
       match.  If no such place is found, and it's a context diff, and the maximum fuzz factor is
       set to 1 or more, then another scan takes place ignoring the first and last line  of  con-
       text.   If  that fails, and the maximum fuzz factor is set to 2 or more, the first two and
       last two lines of context are ignored, and another scan is  made.   (The  default  maximum
       fuzz  factor  is  2.)   If patch cannot find a place to install that hunk of the patch, it
       puts the hunk out to a reject file, which normally is the name of the output file  plus	a
       .rej  suffix,  or # if .rej would generate a file name that is too long (if even appending
       the single character # makes the file name too long, then # replaces the file name's  last
       character).   (The rejected hunk comes out in ordinary context diff form regardless of the
       input patch's form.  If the input was a normal diff,  many  of  the  contexts  are  simply
       null.)	The  line  numbers  on	the hunks in the reject file may be different than in the
       patch file: they reflect the approximate location patch thinks the failed hunks belong  in
       the new file rather than the old one.

       As  each  hunk is completed, you are told if the hunk failed, and if so which line (in the
       new file) patch thought the hunk should go on.  If the hunk is installed  at  a	different
       line  from  the line number specified in the diff you are told the offset.  A single large
       offset may indicate that a hunk was installed in the wrong place.  You are also told if	a
       fuzz  factor  was used to make the match, in which case you should also be slightly suspi-
       cious.  If the --verbose option is given,  you  are  also  told	about  hunks  that  match

       If  no  original file origfile is specified on the command line, patch tries to figure out
       from the leading garbage what the name of the file to edit is, using the following rules.

       First, patch takes an ordered list of candidate file names as follows:

	o If the header is that of a context diff, patch takes the old and new file names in  the
	  header.   A  name is ignored if it does not have enough slashes to satisfy the -pnum or
	  --strip=num option.  The name /dev/null is also ignored.

	o If there is an Index: line in the leading garbage and if either the old and  new  names
	  are  both absent or if patch is conforming to POSIX, patch takes the name in the Index:

	o For the purpose of the following rules, the candidate file names are considered  to  be
	  in the order (old, new, index), regardless of the order that they appear in the header.

       Then patch selects a file name from the candidate list as follows:

	o If  some of the named files exist, patch selects the first name if conforming to POSIX,
	  and the best name otherwise.

	o If patch is not ignoring  RCS,  ClearCase,  Perforce,  and  SCCS  (see  the  -g num  or
	  --get=num  option),  and  no named files exist but an RCS, ClearCase, Perforce, or SCCS
	  master is found, patch selects the first named file with an RCS,  ClearCase,	Perforce,
	  or SCCS master.

	o If  no  named  files exist, no RCS, ClearCase, Perforce, or SCCS master was found, some
	  names are given, patch is not conforming to POSIX, and the patch appears  to	create	a
	  file, patch selects the best name requiring the creation of the fewest directories.

	o If  no  file	name results from the above heuristics, you are asked for the name of the
	  file to patch, and patch selects that name.

       To determine the best of a nonempty list of file names, patch first takes  all  the  names
       with  the  fewest  path	name  components;  of those, it then takes all the names with the
       shortest basename; of those, it then takes all the shortest names; finally, it  takes  the
       first remaining name.

       Additionally,  if  the leading garbage contains a Prereq: line, patch takes the first word
       from the prerequisites line (normally a version number) and checks the  original  file  to
       see if that word can be found.  If not, patch asks for confirmation before proceeding.

       The upshot of all this is that you should be able to say, while in a news interface, some-
       thing like the following:

	  | patch -d /usr/src/local/blurfl

       and patch a file in the blurfl directory directly from the article containing the patch.

       If the patch file contains more than one patch, patch tries to apply each of  them  as  if
       they  came  from separate patch files.  This means, among other things, that it is assumed
       that the name of the file to patch must be determined for each diff listing, and that  the
       garbage	before each diff listing contains interesting things such as file names and revi-
       sion level, as mentioned previously.

       -b  or  --backup
	  Make backup files.  That is, when patching a file, rename or copy the original  instead
	  of  removing	it.   When  backing  up  a file that does not exist, an empty, unreadable
	  backup file is created as a placeholder to represent the nonexistent file.  See the  -V
	  or --version-control option for details about how backup file names are determined.

	  Back up a file if the patch does not match the file exactly and if backups are not oth-
	  erwise requested.  This is the default unless patch is conforming to POSIX.

	  Do not back up a file if the patch does not match the file exactly and if  backups  are
	  not otherwise requested.  This is the default if patch is conforming to POSIX.

       -B pref	or  --prefix=pref
	  Prefix  pref	to a file name when generating its simple backup file name.  For example,
	  with	 -B /junk/   the   simple   backup   file   name    for    src/patch/util.c    is

	  Read and write all files in binary mode, except for standard output and /dev/tty.  This
	  option has no effect on POSIX-conforming systems.   On  systems  like  DOS  where  this
	  option makes a difference, the patch should be generated by diff -a --binary.

       -c  or  --context
	  Interpret the patch file as a ordinary context diff.

       -d dir  or  --directory=dir
	  Change to the directory dir immediately, before doing anything else.

       -D define  or  --ifdef=define
	  Use the #ifdef ... #endif construct to mark changes, with define as the differentiating

	  Print the results of applying the patches without actually changing any files.

       -e  or  --ed
	  Interpret the patch file as an ed script.

       -E  or  --remove-empty-files
	  Remove output files that are empty after the patches have been applied.  Normally  this
	  option  is unnecessary, since patch can examine the time stamps on the header to deter-
	  mine whether a file should exist after patching.  However, if the input is not  a  con-
	  text diff or if patch is conforming to POSIX, patch does not remove empty patched files
	  unless this option is given.	When patch removes a file, it also attempts to remove any
	  empty ancestor directories.

       -f  or  --force
	  Assume  that	the  user knows exactly what he or she is doing, and do not ask any ques-
	  tions.  Skip patches whose headers do not say which file is to be patched; patch  files
	  even	though	they have the wrong version for the Prereq: line in the patch; and assume
	  that patches are not reversed even if they look like they are.  This	option	does  not
	  suppress commentary; use -s for that.

       -F num  or  --fuzz=num
	  Set  the maximum fuzz factor.  This option only applies to diffs that have context, and
	  causes patch to ignore up to that many lines in looking for places to install  a  hunk.
	  Note	that a larger fuzz factor increases the odds of a faulty patch.  The default fuzz
	  factor is 2, and it may not be set to more than the number of lines of context  in  the
	  context diff, ordinarily 3.

       -g num  or  --get=num
	  This option controls patch's actions when a file is under RCS or SCCS control, and does
	  not exist or is read-only and matches the default version, or  when  a  file	is  under
	  ClearCase  or  Perforce control and does not exist.  If num is positive, patch gets (or
	  checks out) the file from the revision control system;  if  zero,  patch  ignores  RCS,
	  ClearCase,  Perforce,  and  SCCS and does not get the file; and if negative, patch asks
	  the user whether to get the file.  The default value of this option  is  given  by  the
	  value  of the PATCH_GET environment variable if it is set; if not, the default value is
	  zero if patch is conforming to POSIX, negative otherwise.

	  Print a summary of options and exit.

       -i patchfile  or  --input=patchfile
	  Read the patch from patchfile.  If patchfile	is  -,	read  from  standard  input,  the

       -l  or  --ignore-whitespace
	  Match  patterns  loosely,  in  case tabs or spaces have been munged in your files.  Any
	  sequence of one or more blanks in the patch file matches any sequence in  the  original
	  file, and sequences of blanks at the ends of lines are ignored.  Normal characters must
	  still match exactly.	Each line of the context must still match a line in the  original

       -n  or  --normal
	  Interpret the patch file as a normal diff.

       -N  or  --forward
	  Ignore patches that seem to be reversed or already applied.  See also -R.

       -o outfile  or  --output=outfile
	  Send	output	to outfile instead of patching files in place.	Do not use this option if
	  outfile is one of the files to be patched.

       -pnum  or  --strip=num
	  Strip the smallest prefix containing num leading slashes from each file name	found  in
	  the  patch  file.   A  sequence  of one or more adjacent slashes is counted as a single
	  slash.  This controls how file names found in the patch file are treated, in	case  you
	  keep	your  files in a different directory than the person who sent out the patch.  For
	  example, supposing the file name in the patch file was


	  setting -p0 gives the entire file name unmodified, -p1 gives


	  without the leading slash, -p4 gives


	  and not specifying -p at all just gives you blurfl.c.  Whatever  you	end  up  with  is
	  looked  for  either  in  the	current  directory,  or the directory specified by the -d

	  Conform more strictly to the POSIX standard, as follows.

	   o Take the first existing file from the list (old, new,  index)  when  intuiting  file
	     names from diff headers.

	   o Do not remove files that are empty after patching.

	   o Do not ask whether to get files from RCS, ClearCase, Perforce, or SCCS.

	   o Require that all options precede the files in the command line.

	   o Do not backup files when there is a mismatch.

	  Use style word to quote output names.  The word should be one of the following:

		 Output names as-is.

	  shell  Quote	names  for  the shell if they contain shell metacharacters or would cause
		 ambiguous output.

		 Quote names for the shell, even if they would normally not require quoting.

	  c	 Quote names as for a C language string.

	  escape Quote as with c except omit the surrounding double-quote characters.

	  You can specify the default value of the --quoting-style option  with  the  environment
	  variable  QUOTING_STYLE.  If that environment variable is not set, the default value is

       -r rejectfile  or  --reject-file=rejectfile
	  Put rejects into rejectfile instead of the default .rej file.

       -R  or  --reverse
	  Assume that this patch was created with the old  and	new  files  swapped.   (Yes,  I'm
	  afraid  that	does happen occasionally, human nature being what it is.)  patch attempts
	  to swap each hunk around before applying it.	Rejects come out in the  swapped  format.
	  The  -R  option does not work with ed diff scripts because there is too little informa-
	  tion to reconstruct the reverse operation.

	  If the first hunk of a patch fails, patch reverses the hunk to see if it can be applied
	  that	way.   If  it  can,  you  are asked if you want to have the -R option set.  If it
	  can't, the patch continues to be applied normally.  (Note: this method cannot detect	a
	  reversed  patch  if  it is a normal diff and if the first command is an append (i.e. it
	  should have been a delete) since appends always succeed, due to the fact  that  a  null
	  context matches anywhere.  Luckily, most patches add or change lines rather than delete
	  them, so most reversed normal diffs begin with a delete, which  fails,  triggering  the

       -s  or  --silent  or  --quiet
	  Work silently, unless an error occurs.

       -t  or  --batch
	  Suppress  questions  like  -f,  but make some different assumptions: skip patches whose
	  headers do not contain file names (the same as -f); skip patches for which the file has
	  the  wrong  version  for  the  Prereq:  line	in the patch; and assume that patches are
	  reversed if they look like they are.

       -T  or  --set-time
	  Set the modification and access times of patched files from time stamps given  in  con-
	  text	diff headers, assuming that the context diff headers use local time.  This option
	  is not recommended, because patches using local time cannot easily be used by people in
	  other  time  zones,  and because local time stamps are ambiguous when local clocks move
	  backwards during daylight-saving time adjustments.  Instead of using this option,  gen-
	  erate patches with UTC and use the -Z or --set-utc option instead.

       -u  or  --unified
	  Interpret the patch file as a unified context diff.

       -v  or  --version
	  Print out patch's revision header and patch level, and exit.

       -V method  or  --version-control=method
	  Use  method  to  determine  backup  file  names.   The  method can also be given by the
	  PATCH_VERSION_CONTROL (or, if that's not set, the  VERSION_CONTROL)  environment  vari-
	  able,  which	is  overridden by this option.	The method does not affect whether backup
	  files are made; it affects only the names of any backup files that are made.

	  The value of method is like the GNU Emacs `version-control' variable; patch also recog-
	  nizes  synonyms  that  are  more  descriptive.  The valid values for method are (unique
	  abbreviations are accepted):

	  existing  or	nil
	     Make numbered backups of files that already have  them,  otherwise  simple  backups.
	     This is the default.

	  numbered  or	t
	     Make  numbered backups.  The numbered backup file name for F is F.~N~ where N is the
	     version number.

	  simple  or  never
	     Make simple backups.  The -B or --prefix, -Y or --basename-prefix, and -z or  --suf-
	     fix  options  specify  the  simple  backup  file name.  If none of these options are
	     given, then  a  simple  backup  suffix  is  used;	it  is	the  value  of	the  SIM-
	     PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX environment variable if set, and is .orig otherwise.

	  With numbered or simple backups, if the backup file name is too long, the backup suffix
	  ~ is used instead; if even appending ~ would make the name too long,	then  ~  replaces
	  the last character of the file name.

	  Output extra information about the work being done.

       -x num  or  --debug=num
	  Set internal debugging flags of interest only to patch patchers.

       -Y pref	or  --basename-prefix=pref
	  Prefix pref to the basename of a file name when generating its simple backup file name.
	  For example, with  -Y .del/  the  simple  backup  file  name	for  src/patch/util.c  is

       -z suffix  or  --suffix=suffix
	  Use  suffix as the simple backup suffix.  For example, with -z - the simple backup file
	  name for src/patch/util.c is src/patch/util.c-.  The backup suffix may also  be  speci-
	  fied	by  the  SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX  environment  variable, which is overridden by this

       -Z  or  --set-utc
	  Set the modification and access times of patched files from time stamps given  in  con-
	  text	diff  headers,	assuming  that the context diff headers use Coordinated Universal
	  Time (UTC, often known as GMT).  Also see the -T or --set-time option.

	  The -Z or --set-utc and -T or --set-time options normally refrain from setting a file's
	  time	if the file's original time does not match the time given in the patch header, or
	  if its contents do not match the patch exactly.  However, if the -f or  --force  option
	  is given, the file time is set regardless.

	  Due  to the limitations of diff output format, these options cannot update the times of
	  files whose contents have not changed.  Also, if you	use  these  options,  you  should
	  remove (e.g. with make clean) all files that depend on the patched files, so that later
	  invocations of make do not get confused by the patched files' times.

	  This specifies whether patch gets missing or read-only files from RCS, ClearCase,  Per-
	  force, or SCCS by default; see the -g or --get option.

	  If  set, patch conforms more strictly to the POSIX standard by default: see the --posix

	  Default value of the --quoting-style option.

	  Extension to use for simple backup file names instead of .orig.

	  Directory to put temporary files in; patch uses the first environment variable in  this
	  list	that  is  set.	 If none are set, the default is system-dependent; it is normally
	  /tmp on Unix hosts.

	  Selects version control style; see the -v or --version-control option.

	  temporary files

	  controlling terminal; used to get answers to questions asked of the user

       diff(1), ed(1)

       Marshall T. Rose and Einar A. Stefferud,  Proposed  Standard  for  Message  Encapsulation,
       Internet RFC 934 <URL:ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc934.txt> (1985-01).

       There  are  several  things  you  should  bear  in mind if you are going to be sending out

       Create your patch systematically.  A good method is the command	diff -Naur old new  where
       old  and  new identify the old and new directories.  The names old and new should not con-
       tain any slashes.  The diff command's headers should have dates	and  times  in	Universal
       Time  using  traditional Unix format, so that patch recipients can use the -Z or --set-utc
       option.	Here is an example command, using Bourne shell syntax:

	  LC_ALL=C TZ=UTC0 diff -Naur gcc-2.7 gcc-2.8

       Tell your recipients how to apply the patch by telling them which directory to cd to,  and
       which  patch  options to use.  The option string -Np1 is recommended.  Test your procedure
       by pretending to be a recipient and applying your patch to a copy of the original files.

       You can save people a lot of grief by keeping a patchlevel.h  file  which  is  patched  to
       increment  the patch level as the first diff in the patch file you send out.  If you put a
       Prereq: line in with the patch, it won't let them apply patches out of order without  some

       You can create a file by sending out a diff that compares /dev/null or an empty file dated
       the Epoch (1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC) to the file you want to create.  This  only	works  if
       the  file  you  want to create doesn't exist already in the target directory.  Conversely,
       you can remove a file by sending out a context diff that compares the file to  be  deleted
       with  an  empty file dated the Epoch.  The file will be removed unless patch is conforming
       to POSIX and the -E or --remove-empty-files option is not given.  An easy way to  generate
       patches that create and remove files is to use GNU diff's -N or --new-file option.

       If  the	recipient  is  supposed to use the -pN option, do not send output that looks like

	  diff -Naur v2.0.29/prog/README prog/README
	  --- v2.0.29/prog/README   Mon Mar 10 15:13:12 1997
	  +++ prog/README   Mon Mar 17 14:58:22 1997

       because the two file names have different numbers of slashes, and  different  versions  of
       patch  interpret  the  file names differently.  To avoid confusion, send output that looks
       like this instead:

	  diff -Naur v2.0.29/prog/README v2.0.30/prog/README
	  --- v2.0.29/prog/README   Mon Mar 10 15:13:12 1997
	  +++ v2.0.30/prog/README   Mon Mar 17 14:58:22 1997

       Avoid sending patches that compare backup file names like README.orig,  since  this  might
       confuse patch into patching a backup file instead of the real file.  Instead, send patches
       that compare the same base file	names  in  different  directories,  e.g.  old/README  and

       Take  care  not	to  send  out reversed patches, since it makes people wonder whether they
       already applied the patch.

       Try not to have your patch modify derived files (e.g. the file configure where there is	a
       line  configure:  configure.in  in  your  makefile), since the recipient should be able to
       regenerate the derived files anyway.  If you must send diffs of	derived  files,  generate
       the  diffs using UTC, have the recipients apply the patch with the -Z or --set-utc option,
       and have them remove  any  unpatched  files  that  depend  on  patched  files  (e.g.  with
       make clean).

       While  you may be able to get away with putting 582 diff listings into one file, it may be
       wiser to group related patches into separate files in case something goes haywire.

       Diagnostics generally indicate that patch couldn't parse your patch file.

       If the --verbose option is given, the message Hmm... indicates that there  is  unprocessed
       text  in the patch file and that patch is attempting to intuit whether there is a patch in
       that text and, if so, what kind of patch it is.

       patch's exit status is 0 if all hunks are applied successfully, 1 if some hunks cannot  be
       applied, and 2 if there is more serious trouble.  When applying a set of patches in a loop
       it behooves you to check this exit status so you don't apply a later patch to a	partially
       patched file.

       Context	diffs  cannot  reliably  represent the creation or deletion of empty files, empty
       directories, or special files such as symbolic links.  Nor can they represent  changes  to
       file  metadata like ownership, permissions, or whether one file is a hard link to another.
       If changes like these are also required, separate instructions (e.g. a  shell  script)  to
       accomplish them should accompany the patch.

       patch  cannot  tell  if	the line numbers are off in an ed script, and can detect bad line
       numbers in a normal diff only when it finds a change or deletion.  A  context  diff  using
       fuzz factor 3 may have the same problem.  Until a suitable interactive interface is added,
       you should probably do a context diff in these cases to see if the changes made sense.  Of
       course,	compiling  without  errors is a pretty good indication that the patch worked, but
       not always.

       patch usually produces the correct results, even when it has to	do  a  lot  of	guessing.
       However,  the  results  are  guaranteed	to  be	correct only when the patch is applied to
       exactly the same version of the file that the patch was generated from.

       The POSIX standard specifies behavior that differs from patch's traditional behavior.  You
       should  be aware of these differences if you must interoperate with patch versions 2.1 and
       earlier, which do not conform to POSIX.

	o In traditional patch, the -p option's operand was optional, and a bare -p  was  equiva-
	  lent to -p0.	The -p option now requires an operand, and -p 0 is now equivalent to -p0.
	  For maximum compatibility, use options like -p0 and -p1.

	  Also, traditional patch simply counted slashes when stripping path prefixes; patch  now
	  counts  pathname  components.   That is, a sequence of one or more adjacent slashes now
	  counts as a single slash.  For maximum portability, avoid sending patches containing //
	  in file names.

	o In  traditional  patch,  backups were enabled by default.  This behavior is now enabled
	  with the -b or --backup option.

	  Conversely, in POSIX patch, backups are never made, even when there is a mismatch.   In
	  GNU patch, this behavior is enabled with the --no-backup-if-mismatch option, or by con-
	  forming to POSIX with the --posix option or by setting the POSIXLY_CORRECT  environment

	  The  -b suffix option of traditional patch is equivalent to the -b -z suffix options of
	  GNU patch.

	o Traditional patch used a complicated (and incompletely documented) method to intuit the
	  name	of  the file to be patched from the patch header.  This method did not conform to
	  POSIX, and had a few gotchas.  Now patch uses a  different,  equally	complicated  (but
	  better  documented)  method  that  is optionally POSIX-conforming; we hope it has fewer
	  gotchas.  The two methods are compatible if the file names in the context  diff  header
	  and  the  Index: line are all identical after prefix-stripping.  Your patch is normally
	  compatible if each header's file names all contain the same number of slashes.

	o When traditional patch asked the user a question, it	sent  the  question  to  standard
	  error  and  looked  for  an answer from the first file in the following list that was a
	  terminal: standard error, standard output, /dev/tty, and  standard  input.   Now  patch
	  sends  questions  to standard output and gets answers from /dev/tty.	Defaults for some
	  answers have been changed so that patch never goes into an  infinite	loop  when  using
	  default answers.

	o Traditional  patch  exited with a status value that counted the number of bad hunks, or
	  with status 1 if there was real trouble.  Now patch exits with status 1 if  some  hunks
	  failed, or with 2 if there was real trouble.

	o Limit  yourself to the following options when sending instructions meant to be executed
	  by anyone running GNU patch, traditional patch, or a	patch  that  conforms  to  POSIX.
	  Spaces are significant in the following list, and operands are required.

	     -d dir
	     -D define
	     -o outfile
	     -r rejectfile

       Please report bugs via email to <bug-patch@gnu.org>.

       patch  could  be  smarter  about  partial matches, excessively deviant offsets and swapped
       code, but that would take an extra pass.

       If code has been duplicated (for instance with #ifdef OLDCODE ... #else ... #endif), patch
       is  incapable  of  patching  both versions, and, if it works at all, will likely patch the
       wrong one, and tell you that it succeeded to boot.

       If you apply a patch you've already applied, patch thinks it  is  a  reversed  patch,  and
       offers to un-apply the patch.  This could be construed as a feature.

       Copyright (C) 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988 Larry Wall.
       Copyright  (C)  1989,  1990,  1991,  1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
       2001, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

       Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual  provided  the
       copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies.

       Permission  is  granted	to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the
       conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting derived work  is  dis-
       tributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this manual into another lan-
       guage, under the above conditions for  modified	versions,  except  that  this  permission
       notice may be included in translations approved by the copyright holders instead of in the
       original English.

       Larry Wall wrote the original version of patch.	Paul  Eggert  removed  patch's	arbitrary
       limits;	added  support for binary files, setting file times, and deleting files; and made
       it conform better to POSIX.  Other contributors include Wayne Davison, who  added  unidiff
       support, and David MacKenzie, who added configuration and backup support.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability	    | SUNWgpch	      |
       |Interface Stability | Committed       |
       Source for GNU patch is available on http://opensolaris.org.

GNU					    2002/05/25					 PATCH(1)
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