clock(n) Tcl Built-In Commands clock(n)
clock - Obtain and manipulate time
clock option ?arg arg ...?
This command performs one of several operations that may obtain or manipulate strings or
values that represent some notion of time. The option argument determines what action is
carried out by the command. The legal options (which may be abbreviated) are:
clock clicks ?-milliseconds? |
Return a high-resolution time value as a system-dependent integer value. The unit |
of the value is system-dependent but should be the highest resolution clock avail- |
able on the system such as a CPU cycle counter. If -milliseconds is specified, then |
the value is guaranteed to be of millisecond granularity. This value should only |
be used for the relative measurement of elapsed time.
clock format clockValue ?-format string? ?-gmt boolean?
Converts an integer time value, typically returned by clock seconds, clock scan, or
the atime, mtime, or ctime options of the file command, to human-readable form. If
the -format argument is present the next argument is a string that describes how
the date and time are to be formatted. Field descriptors consist of a % followed
by a field descriptor character. All other characters are copied into the result.
Valid field descriptors are:
%% Insert a %.
%a Abbreviated weekday name (Mon, Tue, etc.).
%A Full weekday name (Monday, Tuesday, etc.).
%b Abbreviated month name (Jan, Feb, etc.).
%B Full month name. |
Locale specific date and time. The format for date and time in the default |
"C" locale on Unix/Mac is "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y". On Windows, this value is |
the locale specific long date and time, as specified in the Regional Options |
control panel settings. |
First two digits of the four-digit year (19 or 20).
%d Day of month (01 - 31). |
Date as %m/%d/%y. |
Day of month (1 - 31), no leading zeros. |
Abbreviated month name.
%H Hour in 24-hour format (00 - 23). |
Hour in 12-hour format (01 - 12).
%j Day of year (001 - 366). |
Hour in 24-hour format, without leading zeros (0 - 23). |
Hour in 12-hour format, without leading zeros (1 - 12).
%m Month number (01 - 12).
%M Minute (00 - 59). |
Insert a newline.
%p AM/PM indicator. |
Time in a locale-specific "meridian" format. The "meridian" format in the |
default "C" locale is "%I:%M:%S %p". |
Time as %H:%M. |
Count of seconds since the epoch, expressed as a decimal integer.
%S Seconds (00 - 59). |
Insert a tab. |
Time as %H:%M:%S. |
Weekday number (Monday = 1, Sunday = 7).
%U Week of year (00 - 52), Sunday is the first day of the week. |
Week of year according to ISO-8601 rules. Week 1 of a given year is the |
week containing 4 January. |
Weekday number (Sunday = 0, Saturday = 6).
%W Week of year (00 - 52), Monday is the first day of the week. |
Locale specific date format. The format for a date in the default "C" |
locale for Unix/Mac is "%m/%d/%y". On Windows, this value is the locale |
specific short date format, as specified in the Regional Options control |
panel settings. |
Locale specific 24-hour time format. The format for a 24-hour time in the |
default "C" locale for Unix/Mac is "%H:%M:%S". On Windows, this value is |
the locale specific time format, as specified in the Regional Options con- |
trol panel settings.
%y Year without century (00 - 99).
%Y Year with century (e.g. 1990)
%Z Time zone name.
If the -format argument is not specified, the format string "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Z |
%Y" is used. If the -gmt argument is present the next argument must be a boolean
which if true specifies that the time will be formatted as Greenwich Mean Time. If
false then the local timezone will be used as defined by the operating environment.
clock scan dateString ?-base clockVal? ?-gmt boolean?
Convert dateString to an integer clock value (see clock seconds). This command can
parse and convert virtually any standard date and/or time string, which can include
standard time zone mnemonics. If only a time is specified, the current date is
assumed. If the string does not contain a time zone mnemonic, the local time zone
is assumed, unless the -gmt argument is true, in which case the clock value is cal-
culated assuming that the specified time is relative to Greenwich Mean Time. -gmt,
if specified, affects only the computed time value; it does not impact the inter-
pretation of -base.
If the -base flag is specified, the next argument should contain an integer clock
value. Only the date in this value is used, not the time. This is useful for
determining the time on a specific day or doing other date-relative conversions.
The dateString consists of zero or more specifications of the following form:
time A time of day, which is of the form: hh?:mm?:ss?? ?meridian? ?zone? or hhmm
?meridian? ?zone?. If no meridian is specified, hh is interpreted on a
date A specific month and day with optional year. The acceptable formats are
mm/dd?/yy?, monthname dd ?, yy?, dd monthname ?yy?, day, dd monthname yy,
?CC?yymmdd, ?CC?yy-mm-dd, dd-monthname-?CC?yy. The default year is the cur-
rent year. If the year is less than 100, we treat the years 00-68 as |
2000-2068 and the years 69-99 as 1969-1999. Not all platforms can represent |
the years 38-70, so an error may result if these years are used.
ISO 8601 point-in-time
An ISO 8601 point-in-time specification, such as CCyymmddThhmmss, where T is
the literal T, CCyymmdd hhmmss, or CCyymmddThh:mm:ss.
A specification relative to the current time. The format is number unit
acceptable units are year, fortnight, month, week, day, hour, minute (or
min), and second (or sec). The unit can be specified as a singular or plu-
ral, as in 3 weeks. These modifiers may also be specified: tomorrow, yes-
terday, today, now, last, this, next, ago.
The actual date is calculated according to the following steps. First, any abso-
lute date and/or time is processed and converted. Using that time as the base,
day-of-week specifications are added. Next, relative specifications are used. If
a date or day is specified, and no absolute or relative time is given, midnight is
used. Finally, a correction is applied so that the correct hour of the day is pro-
duced after allowing for daylight savings time differences and the correct date is
given when going from the end of a long month to a short month.
Daylight savings time correction is applied only when the relative time is speci-
fied in units of days or more, ie, days, weeks, fortnights, months or years. This
means that when crossing the daylight savings time boundary, different results will
be given for clock scan "1 day" and clock scan "24 hours":
% clock scan "1 day" -base [clock scan 1999-10-31]
% clock scan "24 hours" -base [clock scan 1999-10-31]
Return the current date and time as a system-dependent integer value. The unit of
the value is seconds, allowing it to be used for relative time calculations. The
value is usually defined as total elapsed time from an ``epoch''. You shouldn't
assume the value of the epoch.
clock, date, time
Tcl 8.4 clock(n)