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kextstat(8) [opendarwin man page]

KEXTSTAT(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					       KEXTSTAT(8)

kextstat -- display status of dynamically loaded kernel extensions SYNOPSIS
kextstat [-b kext_bundle_id] [-k] [-l] DESCRIPTION
The kextstat utility displays the status of any kernel extensions currently loaded in the kernel. The following information is shown for each loaded kernel extension: Index The load index of the kernel extension (used to track references). Gaps in the list indicate kernel extensions that have been unloaded. Refs The number of references to this extension by others. If nonzero, the extension cannot be unloaded. Address The address in kernel space where the extension has been loaded. Size The number of bytes of kernel memory that the extension occupies. If this is zero, the extension is actually a built-in part of the kernel that has a record as an extension for resolving dependencies among extensions. Wired The number of wired bytes of kernel memory that the extension occupies. Name The CFBundleIdentifier of the kernel extension. (Version) The CFBundleVersion of the kernel extension. <Linked Against> The index numbers of all other kernel extensions that this extension has a reference to. The following options are available: -b kext_bundle_id Display the status of only the kernel extension with the given bundle identifier. This option trumps the -k option; if both are given and a kernel component is specified, its information is shown. -k Don't show information for built-in components of the kernel. -l Print the list of loaded kexts only and omit the header (useful for running output through text-analysis tools). DIAGNOSTICS
The kextstat utility exits with a status of 0 on success and with a nonzero status if an error occurs. SEE ALSO
kextcache(8), kextd(8), kextload(8), kextunload(8) HISTORY
The kextstat command is based on the command kldstat written by Doug Rabson <> Darwin April 17, 2002 Darwin

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KEXTUNLOAD(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					     KEXTUNLOAD(8)

kextunload -- terminate driver I/O Kit driver instances and unload kernel extensions (kexts) SYNOPSIS
kextunload [options] [--] [kext ...] DESCRIPTION
The kextunload program is used to terminate and unregister I/O Kit objects associated with a kernel extension (kext) and to unload the code and personalities for that kext. kextunload must run with superuser privileges. If another loaded kext has a dependency on the kext being unloaded, the unload will fail. You can determine whether a kext has dependents using the kextstat(8) tool. kextunload is a formal interface for unloading kexts in the Darwin OS and in Mac OS X. Software and installers can rely on its presence and invoke it in order to unload kexts. Note that long options are present as of Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). The arguments and options are: kext Unload the loaded kext whose bundle identifier matches the CFBundleIdentifier of kext. All instances of IOService subclasses defined by the loaded kext and in the IOService plane of the I/O Registry are terminated; the kext is checked to make sure no instances of its libkern C++ classes remain; the kext's C++ static destructores and module stop routine are invoked; then the kext's executable and IOKitPersonalities are unloaded from the kernel. Failure at any stage prevents kext unload. -b identifier, -bundle-id identifier Unload executable and IOKitPersonalities (as described immediately above) for the kext whose CFBundleIdentifier is identifier. -c classname, -class classname Terminate all instances of class classname that are in the IOService plane of the I/O Registry, if possible, but do not unload the defining kext or its IOKitPersonalities. New load requests for devices that were driven by these terminated instances may result in the same class being instantiated at any time. -h, -help Print a help message describing each option flag and exit with a success result, regardless of any other options on the command line. -m identifier Same as -b (remains for backward compatibility). -p, -personalities-only Terminate services and remove personalities only; do not unload kexts. -q, -quiet Quiet mode; print no informational or error messages. -v [0-6 | 0x####], -verbose [0-6 | 0x####] Verbose mode; print information about program operation. Higher levels of verbosity include all lower levels. By default kextunload prints only warnings and errors. You can specify a level from 0-6, or a hexadecimal log specification (as described in kext_logging(8)). The levels of verbose output are: 0 Print only errors (that is, suppress warnings); see also -quiet. 1 (or none) Print basic information about program operation. 2 Prints information about unload stages. 3 Prints information about removal of personalities. 4 Prints information about module stop functions and C++ class destruction. 5 Prints detailed information internal operations such as bookkeping. 6 Identical to level 5 for kextunload. Unlike in other kext tools, the -verbose flag in kextunload applies to all kexts (that is, it turns on hexadecimal bit 0x8 by default). See kext_logging(8) for more information on verbose logging. DIAGNOSTICS
kextunload exits with a zero status upon success, or prints an error message and exits with a nonzero status upon failure. BUGS
Many single-letter options are inconsistent in meaning with (or directly contradictory to) the same letter options in other kext tools. SEE ALSO
kextcache(8), kextd(8), kextload(8), kextstat(8), kext_logging(8) Darwin March 6, 2009 Darwin
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