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stab(5) [opendarwin man page]

STAB(5) 						      BSD File Formats Manual							   STAB(5)

stab -- symbol table types SYNOPSIS
#include <mach-o/stab.h> DESCRIPTION
The file <stab.h> defines some of the symbol table n_type field values for Mach-O a.out files. These are the types for permanent symbols (i.e. not local labels, etc.) used by the old debugger sdb and the Berkeley Pascal compiler pc(1). Symbol table entries can be produced by the .stabs assembler directive. This allows one to specify a double-quote delimited name, a symbol type, one char and one short of informa- tion about the symbol, and an unsigned long (usually an address). To avoid having to produce an explicit label for the address field, the .stabd directive can be used to implicitly address the current location. If no name is needed, symbol table entries can be generated using the .stabn directive. The loader promises to preserve the order of symbol table entries produced by .stab directives. As described in com- ments in <mach-o/nlist.h> an element of the symbol table consists of the following structure: /* * Format of a symbol table entry. */ struct nlist { union { char *n_name; /* for use when in-core */ long n_strx; /* index into file string table */ } n_un; unsigned char n_type; /* type flag */ char n_sect; /* section number or NO_SECT */ short n_desc; /* see struct desc, below */ unsigned n_value; /* address or offset or line */ }; The low bits of the n_type field are used for the symbol type, according to the following masks, defined in <nlist.h>. A symbol can be of none these types by having none of these bits set. /* * Simple values for n_type. */ #define N_UNDF 0x0 /* undefined */ #define N_ABS 0x2 /* absolute */ #define N_SECT 0xe /* defined in section number n_sect */ #define N_EXT 01 /* external bit, or'ed in */ The n_value field of a symbol is relocated by the linker, ld(1) as an address within the appropriate section for N_SECT types based on the. N_value fields of symbols not in any segment are unchanged by the linker. In addition, the linker will discard certain symbols, according to rules of its own, unless the n_type field has one of the following bits set: /* * Other permanent symbol table entries have some of the N_STAB bits set. * These are given in <stab.h> */ #define N_STAB 0xe0 /* if any of these bits set, don't discard */ This allows up to 112 (7 * 16) symbol types, split between the various symbol types. Some of these have already been claimed. The old sym- bolic debugger, sdb, uses the following n_type values: #define N_GSYM 0x20 /* global symbol: name,,NO_SECT,type,0 */ #define N_FNAME 0x22 /* procedure name (f77 kludge): name,,NO_SECT */ #define N_FUN 0x24 /* procedure: name,,n_sect,linenumber,address */ #define N_STSYM 0x26 /* static symbol: name,,n_sect,type,address */ #define N_LCSYM 0x28 /* .lcomm symbol: name,,n_sect,type,address */ #define N_BNSYM 0x2e /* begin nsect sym: 0,,n_sect,0,address */ #define N_RSYM 0x40 /* register sym: name,,NO_SECT,type,register */ #define N_SLINE 0x44 /* src line: 0,,n_sect,linenumber,address */ #define N_ENSYM 0x4e /* end nsect sym: 0,,n_sect,0,address */ #define N_SSYM 0x60 /* structure elt: name,,NO_SECT,type,struct_offset */ #define N_SO 0x64 /* source file name: name,,n_sect,0,address */ #define N_LSYM 0x80 /* local sym: name,,NO_SECT,type,offset */ #define N_BINCL 0x82 /* include file beginning: name,,NO_SECT,0,sum */ #define N_SOL 0x84 /* #included file name: name,,n_sect,0,address */ #define N_PSYM 0xa0 /* parameter: name,,NO_SECT,type,offset */ #define N_EINCL 0xa2 /* include file end: name,,NO_SECT,0,0 */ #define N_ENTRY 0xa4 /* alternate entry: name,,n_sect,linenumber,address */ #define N_LBRAC 0xc0 /* left bracket: 0,,NO_SECT,nesting level,address */ #define N_EXCL 0xc2 /* deleted include file: name,,NO_SECT,0,sum */ #define N_RBRAC 0xe0 /* right bracket: 0,,NO_SECT,nesting level,address */ #define N_BCOMM 0xe2 /* begin common: name,,NO_SECT,0,0 */ #define N_ECOMM 0xe4 /* end common: name,,n_sect,0,0 */ #define N_ECOML 0xe8 /* end common (local name): 0,,n_sect_,0,address */ #define N_LENG 0xfe /* second stab entry with length information */ where the comments give sdb conventional use for .stab s and the n_name, n_sect, n_desc, and n_value fields of the given n_type. Sdb uses the n_desc field to hold a type specifier in the form used by the Portable C Compiler, cc(1); see the header file pcc.h for details on the format of these type values. The Berkeley Pascal compiler, pc(1), uses the following n_type value: #define N_PC 0x30 /* global pascal symbol: name,,NO_SECT,subtype,line */ and uses the following subtypes to do type checking across separately compiled files: 1 source file name 2 included file name 3 global label 4 global constant 5 global type 6 global variable 7 global function 8 global procedure 9 external function 10 external procedure 11 library variable 12 library routine SEE ALSO
as(1), ld(1), dbx(1), Mach-O(5) BUGS
More basic types are needed. HISTORY
The stab file appeared in 4.0BSD. Darwin November 16, 2001 Darwin
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