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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for rtadvd.conf (opendarwin section 5)

RTADVD.CONF(5)				       BSD File Formats Manual				       RTADVD.CONF(5)

NAME
rtadvd.conf -- config file for router advertisement daemon
DESCRIPTION
This file describes how the router advertisement packets must be constructed for each of the interfaces. As described in rtadvd(8), you do not have to set this configuration file up at all, unless you need some spe- cial configurations. You may even omit the file as a whole. In such cases, the rtadvd daemon will automati- cally configure itself using default values specified in the specification. It obeys the famous termcap(5) file format. Each line in the file describes a network interface. Fields are separated by a colon (':'), and each field contains one capability description. Lines may be concatenated by the '\' character. The comment marker is the '#' character.
CAPABILITIES
Capabilities describe the value to be filled into ICMPv6 router advertisement messages and to control rtadvd(8) behavior. Therefore, you are encouraged to read IETF neighbor discovery documents if you would like to modify the sample configuration file. Note that almost all items have default values. If you omit an item, the default value of the item will be used. There are two items which control the interval of sending router advertisements. These items can be omitted, then rtadvd will use the default values. maxinterval (num) The maximum time allowed between sending unsolicited multicast router advertisements (unit: sec- onds). The default value is 600. Its value must be no less than 4 seconds and no greater than 1800 seconds. mininterval (num) The minimum time allowed between sending unsolicited multicast router advertisements (unit: sec- onds). The default value is the one third of value of maxinterval. Its value must be no less than 3 seconds and no greater than .75 * the value of maxinterval. The following items are for ICMPv6 router advertisement message header. These items can be omitted, then rtadvd will use the default values. chlim (num) The value for Cur Hop Limit field. The default value is 64. raflags (num) Flags field in router advertisement message header. Bit 7 (0x80) means Managed address configura- tion flag bit, and Bit 6 (0x40) means Other stateful configuration flag bit. Bit 4 (0x10) and Bit 3 (0x08) are used to encode router preference. 0x01 means high, 0x00 means medium, and 0x11 means low. The default value is 0. rltime (num) Router lifetime field (unit: seconds). Its value must be no greater than 3600000. When rtadvd runs on a host, this value must explicitly set 0 on all the advertising interfaces as described in rtadvd(8). The default value is 1800. rtime (num) Reachable time field (unit: milliseconds). The default value is 0, which means unspecified by this router. retrans (num) Retrans Timer field (unit: milliseconds). The default value is 0, which means unspecified by this router. The following items are for ICMPv6 prefix information option, which will be attached to router advertisement header. These items can be omitted, then rtadvd will automatically get appropriate prefixes from the kernel's routing table, and advertise the prefixes with the default parameters. clockskew (num) Time skew to adjust link propagation delays and clock skews betwen routers on the link (unit: sec- onds). This value is used in consistency check for locally-configured and advertised prefix lifetimes, and has its meaning when the local router configures a prefix on the link with a lifetime that decre- ments in real time. If the value is 0, it means the consistency check will be skipped for such pre- fixes. The default value is 0. addrs (num) Number of prefixes. Its default is 0, so it must explicitly be set to positve values if you want to specify any prefix information option. If its value is 0, rtadvd(8) looks up the system routing ta- ble and advertise the prefixes corresponding to interface routes on the interface. If its value is more than 1, you must specify the index of the prefix for each item below. Indices vary from 0 to N-1, where N is the value of addrs. Each index shall follow the name of each item, e.g., ``prefixlen2''. prefixlen (num) Prefix length field. The default value is 64. pinfoflags (num) Flags field in prefix information option. Bit 7 (0x80) means On-link flag bit, and Bit 6 (0x40) means Autonomous address-configuration flag bit. The default value is 0xc0, i.e., both bits are set. addr (str) The address filled into Prefix field. Since ``:'' is used for termcap(5) file format as well as IPv6 numeric address, the field MUST be quoted by doublequote character. This field cannot be omitted if the value of addrs is more than 0. vltime (num) Valid lifetime field (unit: seconds). The default value is 2592000 (30 days). vltimedecr (bool) This item means the advertised valid lifetime will decrements in real time, which is disabled by default. pltime (num) Preferred lifetime field (unit: seconds). The default value is 604800 (7 days). pltimedecr (bool) This item means the advertised preferred lifetime will decrements in real time, which is disabled by default. The following item is for ICMPv6 MTU option, which will be attached to router advertisement header. This item can be omitted, then rtadvd will use the default value. mtu (num or str) MTU (maximum transmission unit) field. If 0 is specified, it means that the option will not be included. The default value is 0. If the special string ``auto'' is specified for this item, MTU option will be included and its value will be set to the interface MTU automatically. The following item controls ICMPv6 source link-layer address option, which will be attached to router advertise- ment header. As noted above, you can just omit the item, then rtadvd will use the default value. nolladdr (bool) By default (if nolladdr is not specified), rtadvd(8) will try to get link-layer address for the interface from the kernel, and attach that in source link-layer address option. If this capability exists, rtadvd(8) will not attach source link-layer address option to router advertisement packets. The following item controls ICMPV6 home agent information option, which was defined with mobile IPv6 support. It will be attached to router advertisement header just like other options do. hapref (num) Specifies home agent preference. If set to non-zero, hatime must be present as well. hatime (num) Specifies home agent lifetime. When mobile IPv6 support is turned on for rtadvd(8), advertisement interval option will be attached to router advertisement packet, by configuring maxinterval explicitly. The following items are for ICMPv6 route information option, which will be attached to router advertisement header. These items are optional. routes (num) Number of routes. Its default is 0, so it must explicitly be set to positve values if you want to specify any route information option. If its value is 0, no route information is sent. If its value is more than 1, you must specify the index of the routes for each item below. Indices vary from 0 to N-1, where N is the value of routes. Each index shall follow the name of each item, e.g., ``rtrplen2''. rtrplen (num) Prefix length field in route information option. The default value is 64. rtrflags (num) Flags field in route information option. Bit 4 (0x10) and and Bit 3 (0x08) are used to encode router preference for the route. The default value is 0x00, i.e. medium router preference. rtrprefix (str) The prefix filled into the Prefix field of route information option. Since ``:'' is used for termcap(5) file format as well as IPv6 numeric address, the field MUST be quoted by doublequote charac- ter. This field cannot be omitted if the value of addrs is more than 0. rtrltime (num) route lifetime field in route information option. (unit: seconds). The default value is 2592000 (30 days). (not specified in draft-draves-router-selection-01.txt now) You can also refer one line from another by using tc capability. See termcap(5) for details on the capability.
EXAMPLES
As presented above, all of the advertised parameters have default values defined in specifications, and hence you usually do not have to set them by hand, unless you need special non-default values. It can cause interop- erability problem if you use an ill-configured parameter. To override a configuration parameter, you can specify the parameter alone. With the following configuration, rtadvd(8) overrides the router lifetime parameter for the ne0 interface. ne0:\ :rltime#0: The following example manually configures prefixes advertised from the ef0 interface. The configuration must be used with the -s option to rtadvd(8). ef0:\ :addrs#1:addr="3ffe:501:ffff:1000::":prefixlen#64: The following example presents the default values in an explicit manner. The configuration is provided just for reference purposes; YOU DO NOT NEED TO HAVE IT AT ALL. default:\ :chlim#64:raflags#0:rltime#1800:rtime#0:retrans#0:\ :pinfoflags#192:vltime#2592000:pltime#604800:mtu#0: ef0:\ :addrs#1:addr="3ffe:501:ffff:1000::":prefixlen#64:tc=default:
SEE ALSO
termcap(5), rtadvd(8), rtsol(8) Thomas Narten, Erik Nordmark and W. A. Simpson, ``Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6)'', RFC 2461 Richard Draves, ``Default Router Preferences and More-Specific Routes'', draft-ietf-ipngwg-router-selec- tion-01.txt
HISTORY
The rtadvd(8) and the configuration file rtadvd.conf first appeared in WIDE Hydrangea IPv6 protocol stack kit.
BSD
May 17, 1998 BSD


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