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FSTAB(5)			     BSD File Formats Manual				 FSTAB(5)

     fstab -- static information about the filesystems

     #include <fstab.h>

     The file fstab contains descriptive information about the various file systems.  fstab is
     only read by programs, and not written; it is the duty of the system administrator to prop-
     erly create and maintain this file.  Each filesystem is described on a separate line; fields
     on each line are separated by tabs or spaces.  The order of records in fstab is important
     because diskarbitrationd(8), fsck(8), mount(8), and umount(8) sequentially iterate through
     fstab doing their thing.

     The first field, (fs_spec), describes the block special device, the local filesystem, or the
     remote filesystem to be mounted.  The diskarbitrationd program supports the identification
     of a local filesystem uniquely by its UUID or by its volume name, irrespective of hardware
     configuration and of hardware parallelism, using the constructs ``UUID'' and ``LABEL''.

     The second field, (fs_file), describes the mount point for the filesystem.  For swap parti-
     tions, this field should be specified as ``none''.

     The third field, (fs_vfstype), describes the type of the filesystem.  The system currently
     supports these types of filesystems:

	   ufs	   a local UNIX filesystem

	   nfs	   a Sun Microsystems compatible ``Network File System''

	   swap    a disk partition to be used for swapping

	   msdos   a DOS compatible filesystem

	   cd9660  a CD-ROM filesystem (as per ISO 9660)

	   procfs  a file system for accessing process data

	   kernfs  a file system for accessing kernel parameters

	   fdesc   an implementation of /dev/fd

	   union   a translucent filesystem

     The fourth field, (fs_mntops), describes the mount options associated with the filesystem.
     It is formatted as a comma separated list of options.  It contains at least the type of
     mount (see fs_type below) plus any additional options appropriate to the filesystem type.

     The option ``auto'' can be used in the ``noauto'' form to cause a file system not to be
     mounted automatically (with ``mount -a'', or system boot time).

     The type of the mount is extracted from the fs_mntops field and stored separately in the
     fs_type field (it is not deleted from the fs_mntops field).  If fs_type is ``rw'' or ``ro''
     then the filesystem whose name is given in the fs_file field is normally mounted read-write
     or read-only on the specified special file.  If fs_type is ``sw'' then the special file is
     made available as a piece of swap space by the swapon(8) command at the end of the system
     reboot procedure.	The fields other than fs_spec and fs_type are unused.  If fs_type is
     specified as ``xx'' the entry is ignored.	This is useful to show disk partitions which are
     currently unused.

     The fifth field, (fs_freq), is used for these filesystems by the dump(8) command to deter-
     mine which filesystems need to be dumped.	If the fifth field is not present, a value of
     zero is returned and dump will assume that the filesystem does not need to be dumped.

     The sixth field, (fs_passno), is used by the fsck(8) program to determine the order in which
     filesystem checks are done at reboot time.  The root filesystem should be specified with a
     fs_passno of 1, and other filesystems should have a fs_passno of 2.  Filesystems within a
     drive will be checked sequentially, but filesystems on different drives will be checked at
     the same time to utilize parallelism available in the hardware.  If the sixth field is not
     present or zero, a value of zero is returned and fsck will assume that the filesystem does
     not need to be checked.

     #define FSTAB_RW	     "rw"    /* read-write device */
     #define FSTAB_RO	     "ro"    /* read-only device */
     #define FSTAB_SW	     "sw"    /* swap device */
     #define FSTAB_XX	     "xx"    /* ignore totally */

     struct fstab {
	     char    *fs_spec;	     /* block special device name */
	     char    *fs_file;	     /* filesystem path prefix */
	     char    *fs_vfstype;    /* type of filesystem */
	     char    *fs_mntops;     /* comma separated mount options */
	     char    *fs_type;	     /* rw, ro, sw, or xx */
	     int     fs_freq;	     /* dump frequency, in days */
	     int     fs_passno;      /* pass number on parallel fsck */

     The proper way to read records from fstab is to use the routines getfsent(3), getfsspec(3),
     getfstype(3), and getfsfile(3).

     /etc/fstab  The file fstab resides in /etc.

     getfsent(3), diskarbitrationd(8)

     The fstab file format appeared in 4.0BSD.

Darwin					  March 28, 2002				   Darwin
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