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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for tcl_createobjtrace (opendarwin section 3)

Tcl_CreateTrace(3)		      Tcl Library Procedures		       Tcl_CreateTrace(3)


       Tcl_CreateTrace, Tcl_CreateObjTrace, Tcl_DeleteTrace - arrange for command execution to be

       #include <tcl.h>

       Tcl_CreateTrace(interp, level, proc, clientData)

       Tcl_CreateObjTrace(interp, level, flags, objProc, clientData, deleteProc)

       Tcl_DeleteTrace(interp, trace)

       Tcl_Interp		   *interp	    (in)      Interpreter containing  command  to
							      be traced or untraced.

       int			   level	    (in)      Only  commands  at  or  below  this
							      nesting level will be traced unless
							      0  is specified.	1 means top-level
							      commands only,  2  means	top-level
							      commands	or those that are invoked
							      as immediate consequences  of  exe-
							      cuting  top-level  commands (proce-
							      dure  bodies,  bracketed	commands,
							      etc.)  and  so  on.   A  value of 0
							      means that commands  at  any  level
							      are traced.

       int			   flags	    (in)      Flags  governing	the  trace execu-
							      tion.  See below for details.

       Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc	   *objProc	    (in)      Procedure to call for each  command
							      that's  executed.   See  below  for
							      details of the calling sequence.

       Tcl_CmdTraceProc 	   *proc	    (in)      Procedure to call for each  command
							      that's  executed.   See  below  for
							      details on the calling sequence.

       ClientData		   clientData	    (in)      Arbitrary one-word value to pass to
							      objProc or proc.

       Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc   *deleteProc		      Procedure to call when the trace is
							      deleted.	See below for details  of
							      the   calling   sequence.   A  NULL
							      pointer is permissible and  results
							      in  no  callback	when the trace is

       Tcl_Trace		   trace	    (in)      Token  for  trace  to  be   removed
							      (return value from previous call to

       Tcl_CreateObjTrace arranges for command tracing.  After it  is  called,	objProc  will  be
       invoked before the Tcl interpreter calls any command procedure when evaluating commands in
       interp.	The return value from Tcl_CreateObjTrace is a token for the trace, which  may  be
       passed  to Tcl_DeleteTrace to remove the trace.	There may be many traces in effect simul-
       taneously for the same interpreter.

       objProc should have arguments and result that match the type, Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc:
	      typedef int Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc(
		  ClientData clientData,
		  Tcl_Interp* interp,
		  int level,
		  CONST char* command,
		  Tcl_Command commandToken,
		  int objc,
		  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[] );
       The clientData and interp parameters are copies of the corresponding  arguments	given  to
       Tcl_CreateTrace.   ClientData  typically  points to an application-specific data structure
       that describes what to do when objProc is invoked.  The level parameter gives the  nesting
       level  of  the  command (1 for top-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval by the application, 2
       for the next-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval as part of parsing or interpreting  level-1
       commands,  and so on). The command parameter points to a string containing the text of the
       command, before any argument substitution.  The commandToken parameter is  a  Tcl  command
       token  that  identifies the command to be invoked.  The token may be passed to Tcl_GetCom-
       mandName, Tcl_GetCommandTokenInfo, or Tcl_SetCommandTokenInfo to manipulate the definition
       of  the	command.  The  objc  and  objv parameters designate the final parameter count and
       parameter vector that will be passed to the command, and have had all  substitutions  per-

       The  objProc  callback  is  expected to return a standard Tcl status return code.  If this
       code is TCL_OK (the normal case), then the Tcl interpreter will invoke the  command.   Any
       other  return  code  is treated as if the command returned that status, and the command is
       not invoked.

       The objProc callback must not modify objv in any way.   It  is,	however,  permissible  to
       change the command by calling Tcl_SetCommandTokenInfo prior to returning.  Any such change
       takes effect immediately, and the command is invoked with the new information.

       Tracing will only occur for commands at nesting level less than	or  equal  to  the  level
       parameter  (i.e.  the  level parameter to objProc will always be less than or equal to the
       level parameter to Tcl_CreateTrace).

       Tracing has a significant effect on runtime performance because	it  causes  the  bytecode
       compiler  to refrain from generating in-line code for Tcl commands such as if and while in
       order that they may be traced.  If traces for the built-in commands are not required,  the
       flags  parameter  may  be set to the constant value TCL_ALLOW_INLINE_COMPILATION.  In this
       case, traces on built-in commands may or may not result in trace callbacks,  depending  on
       the  state  of  the  interpreter, but run-time performance will be improved significantly.
       (This functionality is desirable, for example, when using Tcl_CreateObjTrace to	implement
       an execution time profiler.)

       Calls  to  objProc  will be made by the Tcl parser immediately before it calls the command
       procedure for the command (cmdProc).  This occurs after argument parsing and substitution,
       so  tracing  for substituted commands occurs before tracing of the commands containing the
       substitutions.  If there is a syntax error in a command, or if there is no command  proce-
       dure  associated  with  a command name, then no tracing will occur for that command.  If a
       string passed to Tcl_Eval contains multiple commands (bracketed, or  on	different  lines)
       then multiple calls to objProc will occur, one for each command.

       Tcl_DeleteTrace	removes  a  trace,  so that no future calls will be made to the procedure
       associated with the trace.  After Tcl_DeleteTrace returns, the caller should  never  again
       use the trace token.

       When  Tcl_DeleteTrace is called, the interpreter invokes the deleteProc that was passed as
       a parameter to Tcl_CreateObjTrace.   The  deleteProc  must  match  the  type,  Tcl_CmdObj-
	      typedef void Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc(
		  ClientData clientData
       The  clientData parameter will be the same as the clientData parameter that was originally
       passed to Tcl_CreateObjTrace.

       Tcl_CreateTrace is an alternative interface for command tracing, not recommended  for  new
       applications.   It is provided for backward compatibility with code that was developed for
       older versions of the Tcl interpreter.  It is similar to Tcl_CreateObjTrace,  except  that
       its proc parameter should have arguments and result that match the type Tcl_CmdTraceProc:
	      typedef void Tcl_CmdTraceProc(
		ClientData clientData,
		Tcl_Interp *interp,
		int level,
		char *command,
		Tcl_CmdProc *cmdProc,
		ClientData cmdClientData,
		int argc,
		CONST char *argv[]);
       The  parameters	to  the proc callback are similar to those of the objProc callback above.
       The commandToken is replaced with cmdProc, a pointer to the (string-based) command  proce-
       dure  that  will be invoked; and cmdClientData, the client data that will be passed to the
       procedure.  The objc parameter is replaced with an argv parameter, that	gives  the  argu-
       ments  to  the  command	as  character  strings.  Proc must not modify the command or argv

       If a trace created with Tcl_CreateTrace is in effect, inline compilation of  Tcl  commands
       such  as  if  and while is always disabled.  There is no notification when a trace created
       with Tcl_CreateTrace is deleted.  There is no way to be notified when the trace created by
       Tcl_CreateTrace	is  deleted.   There  is  no  way  for the proc associated with a call to
       Tcl_CreateTrace to abort execution of command.

       command, create, delete, interpreter, trace

Tcl									       Tcl_CreateTrace(3)

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