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dladdr(3) [opendarwin man page]

DLADDR(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 DLADDR(3)

dladdr, dladdr1 - translate address to symbolic information SYNOPSIS
#define _GNU_SOURCE #include <dlfcn.h> int dladdr(void *addr, Dl_info *info); int dladdr1(void *addr, Dl_info *info, void **extra_info, int flags); Link with -ldl. DESCRIPTION
The function dladdr() determines whether the address specified in addr is located in one of the shared objects loaded by the calling appli- cation. If it is, then dladdr() returns information about the shared object and symbol that overlaps addr. This information is returned in a Dl_info structure: typedef struct { const char *dli_fname; /* Pathname of shared object that contains address */ void *dli_fbase; /* Base address at which shared object is loaded */ const char *dli_sname; /* Name of symbol whose definition overlaps addr */ void *dli_saddr; /* Exact address of symbol named in dli_sname */ } Dl_info; If no symbol matching addr could be found, then dli_sname and dli_saddr are set to NULL. The function dladdr1() is like dladdr(), but returns additional information via the argument extra_info. The information returned depends on the value specified in flags, which can have one of the following values: RTLD_DL_LINKMAP Obtain a pointer to the link map for the matched file. The extra_info argument points to a pointer to a link_map structure (i.e., struct link_map **), defined in <link.h> as: struct link_map { ElfW(Addr) l_addr; /* Difference between the address in the ELF file and the address in memory */ char *l_name; /* Absolute pathname where object was found */ ElfW(Dyn) *l_ld; /* Dynamic section of the shared object */ struct link_map *l_next, *l_prev; /* Chain of loaded objects */ /* Plus additional fields private to the implementation */ }; RTLD_DL_SYMENT Obtain a pointer to the ELF symbol table entry of the matching symbol. The extra_info argument is a pointer to a symbol pointer: const ElfW(Sym) **. The ElfW() macro definition turns its argument into the name of an ELF data type suitable for the hardware architecture. For example, on a 64-bit platform, ElfW(Sym) yields the data type name Elf64_Sym, which is defined in <elf.h> as: typedef struct { Elf64_Word st_name; /* Symbol name */ unsigned char st_info; /* Symbol type and binding */ unsigned char st_other; /* Symbol visibility */ Elf64_Section st_shndx; /* Section index */ Elf64_Addr st_value; /* Symbol value */ Elf64_Xword st_size; /* Symbol size */ } Elf64_Sym; The st_name field is an index into the string table. The st_info field encodes the symbol's type and binding. The type can be extracted using the macro ELF64_ST_TYPE(st_info) (or ELF32_ST_TYPE() on 32-bit platforms), which yields one of the following values: Value Description STT_NOTYPE Symbol type is unspecified STT_OBJECT Symbol is a data object STT_FUNC Symbol is a code object STT_SECTION Symbol associated with a section STT_FILE Symbol's name is file name STT_COMMON Symbol is a common data object STT_TLS Symbol is thread-local data object STT_GNU_IFUNC Symbol is indirect code object The symbol binding can be extracted from the st_info field using the macro ELF64_ST_BIND(st_info) (or ELF32_ST_BIND() on 32-bit platforms), which yields one of the following values: Value Description STB_LOCAL Local symbol STB_GLOBAL Global symbol STB_WEAK Weak symbol STB_GNU_UNIQUE Unique symbol The st_other field contains the symbol's visibility, which can be extracted using the macro ELF64_ST_VISIBILITY(st_info) (or ELF32_ST_VISIBILITY() on 32-bit platforms), which yields one of the following values: Value Description STV_DEFAULT Default symbol visibility rules STV_INTERNAL Processor-specific hidden class STV_HIDDEN Symbol unavailable in other modules STV_PROTECTED Not preemptible, not exported RETURN VALUE
On success, these functions return a nonzero value. If the address specified in addr could be matched to a shared object, but not to a symbol in the shared object, then the info->dli_sname and info->dli_saddr fields are set to NULL. If the address specified in addr could not be matched to a shared object, then these functions return 0. In this case, an error message is not available via dlerror(3). VERSIONS
dladdr() is present in glibc 2.0 and later. dladdr1() first appeared in glibc 2.3.3. ATTRIBUTES
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). +--------------------+---------------+---------+ |Interface | Attribute | Value | +--------------------+---------------+---------+ |dladdr(), dladdr1() | Thread safety | MT-Safe | +--------------------+---------------+---------+ CONFORMING TO
These functions are nonstandard GNU extensions that are also present on Solaris. BUGS
Sometimes, the function pointers you pass to dladdr() may surprise you. On some architectures (notably i386 and x86-64), dli_fname and dli_fbase may end up pointing back at the object from which you called dladdr(), even if the function used as an argument should come from a dynamically linked library. The problem is that the function pointer will still be resolved at compile time, but merely point to the plt (Procedure Linkage Table) sec- tion of the original object (which dispatches the call after asking the dynamic linker to resolve the symbol). To work around this, you can try to compile the code to be position-independent: then, the compiler cannot prepare the pointer at compile time any more and gcc(1) will generate code that just loads the final symbol address from the got (Global Offset Table) at run time before passing it to dladdr(). SEE ALSO
dl_iterate_phdr(3), dlinfo(3), dlopen(3), dlsym(3), COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at Linux 2017-09-15 DLADDR(3)
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