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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for touch (opendarwin section 1)

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TOUCH(1)			   BSD General Commands Manual				 TOUCH(1)

NAME
     touch -- change file access and modification times

SYNOPSIS
     touch [-acfhm] [-r file] [-t [[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS]] file ...

DESCRIPTION
     The touch utility sets the modification and access times of files to the current time of
     day.  If the file doesn't exist, it is created with default permissions.

     The following options are available:

     -a      Change the access time of the file.  The modification time of the file is not
	     changed unless the -m flag is also specified.

     -c      Do not create the file if it does not exist.  The touch utility does not treat this
	     as an error.  No error messages are displayed and the exit value is not affected.

     -f      Attempt to force the update, even if the file permissions do not currently permit
	     it.

     -h      If the file is a symbolic link, change the times of the link itself rather than the
	     file that the link points to.  Note that -h implies -c and thus will not create any
	     new files.

     -m      Change the modification time of the file.	The access time of the file is not
	     changed unless the -a flag is also specified.

     -r      Use the access and modifications times from the specified file instead of the cur-
	     rent time of day.

     -t      Change the access and modification times to the specified time.  The argument should
	     be in the form ``[[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS]'' where each pair of letters represents the
	     following:

		   CC	   The first two digits of the year (the century).
		   YY	   The second two digits of the year.  If ``YY'' is specified, but ``CC''
			   is not, a value for ``YY'' between 69 and 99 results in a ``CC'' value
			   of 19.  Otherwise, a ``CC'' value of 20 is used.
		   MM	   The month of the year, from 1 to 12.
		   DD	   the day of the month, from 1 to 31.
		   hh	   The hour of the day, from 0 to 23.
		   mm	   The minute of the hour, from 0 to 59.
		   SS	   The second of the minute, from 0 to 61.

	     If the ``CC'' and ``YY'' letter pairs are not specified, the values default to the
	     current year.  If the ``SS'' letter pair is not specified, the value defaults to 0.

DIAGNOSTICS
     The touch utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

SEE ALSO
     utimes(2)

COMPATIBILITY
     The obsolescent form of touch, where a time format is specified as the first argument, is
     supported.  When no -r or -t option is specified, there are at least two arguments, and the
     first argument is a string of digits either eight or ten characters in length, the first
     argument is interpreted as a time specification of the form ``MMDDhhmm[YY]''.

     The ``MM'', ``DD'', ``hh'' and ``mm'' letter pairs are treated as their counterparts speci-
     fied to the -t option.  If the ``YY'' letter pair is in the range 39 to 99, the year is set
     to 1939 to 1999, otherwise, the year is set in the 21st century.

HISTORY
     A touch utility appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.

STANDARDS
     The touch utility is expected to be a superset of the IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') specifi-
     cation.

BSD					  April 28, 1995				      BSD
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