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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for fstat (opendarwin section 1)

FSTAT(1)			   BSD General Commands Manual				 FSTAT(1)

NAME
     fstat -- file status

SYNOPSIS
     fstat [-fnv] [-M core] [-N system] [-p pid] [-u user] [filename...]

DESCRIPTION
     Fstat identifies open files.  A file is considered open by a process if it was explicitly
     opened, is the working directory, root directory, active pure text, or kernel trace file for
     that process.  If no options are specified, fstat reports on all open files in the system.

     Options:

     -f      Restrict examination to files open in the same filesystems as the named file argu-
	     ments, or to the filesystem containing the current directory if there are no addi-
	     tional filename arguments.  For example, to find all files open in the filesystem
	     where the directory /usr/src resides, type ``fstat -f /usr/src''.

     -M      Extract values associated with the name list from the specified core instead of the
	     default /dev/kmem.

     -N      Extract the name list from the specified system instead of the default /vmunix.

     -n      Numerical format.	Print the device number (maj,min) of the filesystem the file
	     resides in rather than the mount point name; for special files, print the device
	     number that the special device refers to rather than the filename in /dev; and print
	     the mode of the file in octal instead of symbolic form.

     -p      Report all files open by the specified process.

     -u      Report all files open by the specified user.

     -v      Verbose mode.  Print error messages upon failures to locate particular system data
	     structures rather than silently ignoring them.  Most of these data structures are
	     dynamically created or deleted and it is possible for them to disappear while fstat
	     is running.  This is normal and  unavoidable since the rest of the system is running
	     while fstat itself is running.

     filename ...
	     Restrict reports to the specified files.

     The following fields are printed:

     USER   The username of the owner of the process (effective uid).

     CMD    The command name of the process.

     PID    The process id.

     FD     The file number in the per-process open file table or one of the following special
	    names:

		  text - pure text inode wd   - current working directory root - root inode
		  tr   - kernel trace file

	    If the file number is followed by an asterisk (``*''), the file is not an inode, but
	    rather a socket, FIFO, or there is an error.  In this case the remainder of the line
	    doesn't correspond to the remaining headers -- the format of the line is described
	    later under Sockets.

     INUM   The inode number of the file.

     MODE   The mode of the file.  If the -n flag isn't specified, the mode is printed using a
	    symbolic format (see strmode(3)); otherwise, the mode is printed as an octal number.

     SZ|DV  If the file is not a character or block special, prints the size of the file in
	    bytes.  Otherwise, if the -n flag is not specified, prints the name of the special
	    file as located in /dev.  If that cannot be located, or the -n flag is specified,
	    prints the major/minor device number that the special device refers to.

     R/W    This column describes the access mode that the file allows.  The letter ``r'' indi-
	    cates open for reading; the letter ``w'' indicates open for writing.  This field is
	    useful when trying to find the processes that are preventing a filesystem from being
	    down graded to read-only.

     MOUNT  If the -n flag wasn't specified, this header is present and is the pathname that the
	    filesystem the file resides in is mounted on.

     DEV    If the -n flag is specified, this header is present and is the major/minor number of
	    the device that this file resides in.

     NAME   If filename arguments are specified and the -f flag is not, then this field is
	    present and is the name associated with the given file.  Normally the name cannot be
	    determined since there is no mapping from an open file back to the directory entry
	    that was used to open that file.  Also, since different directory entries may refer-
	    ence the same file (via ln(2)), the name printed may not be the actual name that the
	    process originally used to open that file.

SOCKETS
     The formating of open sockets depends on the protocol domain.  In all cases the first field
     is the domain name, the second field is the socket type (stream, dgram, etc), and the third
     is the socket flags field (in hex).  The remaining fields are protocol dependent.	For tcp,
     it is the address of the tcpcb, and for udp, the inpcb (socket pcb).  For unix domain sock-
     ets, its the address of the socket pcb and the address of the connected pcb (if connected).
     Otherwise the protocol number and address of the socket itself are printed.  The attempt is
     to make enough information available to permit further analysis without duplicating
     netstat(1).

     For example, the addresses mentioned above are the addresses which the ``netstat -A'' com-
     mand would print for tcp, udp, and unixdomain.  Note that since pipes are implemented using
     sockets, a pipe appears as a connected unix domain stream socket.	A unidirectional unix
     domain socket indicates the direction of flow with an arrow (``<-'' or ``->''), and a full
     duplex socket shows a double arrow (``<->'').

BUGS
     Since fstat takes a snapshot of the system, it is only correct for a very short period of
     time.

SEE ALSO
     netstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), systat(1), vmstat(1), iostat(8), pstat(8)

HISTORY
     The fstat command appeared in 4.3BSD-Tahoe.

4th Berkeley Distribution		February 25, 1994		4th Berkeley Distribution


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