DU(1) BSD General Commands Manual DU(1)
du -- display disk usage statistics
du [-H | -L | -P] [-I mask] [-a | -s | -d depth] [-c] [-h | -k] [-x] [file ...]
The du utility displays the file system block usage for each file argument and for each
directory in the file hierarchy rooted in each directory argument. If no file is specified,
the block usage of the hierarchy rooted in the current directory is displayed. If the -k
flag is specified, the number of 1024-byte blocks used by the file is displayed, otherwise
getbsize(3) is used to determine the preferred block size. Partial numbers of blocks are
The options are as follows:
-H Symbolic links on the command line are followed, symbolic links in file hierarchies
are not followed.
-L Symbolic links on the command line and in file hierarchies are followed.
Ignore files and directories matching the specified mask.
-P No symbolic links are followed. This is the default.
-a Display an entry for each file in a file hierarchy.
-h "Human-readable" output. Use unit suffixes: Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte,
Terabyte and Petabyte
-r Generate messages about directories that cannot be read, files that cannot be
opened, and so on. This is the default case. This option exists solely for confor-
mance with X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4 (``XPG4'').
-s Display an entry for each specified file. (Equivalent to -d 0)
Display an entry for all files and directories depth directories deep.
-c Display a grand total.
-k Display block counts in 1024-byte (1-Kbyte) blocks.
-x File system mount points are not traversed.
The du utility counts the storage used by symbolic links and not the files they reference
unless the -H or -L option is specified. If either the -H or -L options are specified,
storage used by any symbolic links which are followed is not counted or displayed.
Files having multiple hard links are counted (and displayed) a single time per du execution.
BLOCKSIZE If the environment variable BLOCKSIZE is set, and the -k option is not specified,
the block counts will be displayed in units of that size block. If BLOCKSIZE is
not set, and the -k option is not specified, the block counts will be displayed
in 512-byte blocks.
df(1), fts(3), symlink(7), quot(8)
A du command appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.
BSD April 1, 1994 BSD