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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for dsa (opendarwin section 1)

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DSA(1)					     OpenSSL					   DSA(1)

NAME
       dsa - DSA key processing

SYNOPSIS
       openssl dsa [-inform PEM|DER] [-outform PEM|DER] [-in filename] [-passin arg] [-out file-
       name] [-passout arg] [-des] [-des3] [-idea] [-text] [-noout] [-modulus] [-pubin] [-pubout]
       [-engine id]

DESCRIPTION
       The dsa command processes DSA keys. They can be converted between various forms and their
       components printed out. Note This command uses the traditional SSLeay compatible format
       for private key encryption: newer applications should use the more secure PKCS#8 format
       using the pkcs8

COMMAND OPTIONS
       -inform DER|PEM
	   This specifies the input format. The DER option with a private key uses an ASN1 DER
	   encoded form of an ASN.1 SEQUENCE consisting of the values of version (currently
	   zero), p, q, g, the public and private key components respectively as ASN.1 INTEGERs.
	   When used with a public key it uses a SubjectPublicKeyInfo structure: it is an error
	   if the key is not DSA.

	   The PEM form is the default format: it consists of the DER format base64 encoded with
	   additional header and footer lines. In the case of a private key PKCS#8 format is also
	   accepted.

       -outform DER|PEM
	   This specifies the output format, the options have the same meaning as the -inform
	   option.

       -in filename
	   This specifies the input filename to read a key from or standard input if this option
	   is not specified. If the key is encrypted a pass phrase will be prompted for.

       -passin arg
	   the input file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the
	   PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

       -out filename
	   This specifies the output filename to write a key to or standard output by is not
	   specified. If any encryption options are set then a pass phrase will be prompted for.
	   The output filename should not be the same as the input filename.

       -passout arg
	   the output file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the
	   PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

       -des|-des3|-idea
	   These options encrypt the private key with the DES, triple DES, or the IDEA ciphers
	   respectively before outputting it. A pass phrase is prompted for.  If none of these
	   options is specified the key is written in plain text. This means that using the dsa
	   utility to read in an encrypted key with no encryption option can be used to remove
	   the pass phrase from a key, or by setting the encryption options it can be use to add
	   or change the pass phrase.  These options can only be used with PEM format output
	   files.

       -text
	   prints out the public, private key components and parameters.

       -noout
	   this option prevents output of the encoded version of the key.

       -modulus
	   this option prints out the value of the public key component of the key.

       -pubin
	   by default a private key is read from the input file: with this option a public key is
	   read instead.

       -pubout
	   by default a private key is output. With this option a public key will be output
	   instead. This option is automatically set if the input is a public key.

       -engine id
	   specifying an engine (by it's unique id string) will cause req to attempt to obtain a
	   functional reference to the specified engine, thus initialising it if needed. The
	   engine will then be set as the default for all available algorithms.

NOTES
       The PEM private key format uses the header and footer lines:

	-----BEGIN DSA PRIVATE KEY-----
	-----END DSA PRIVATE KEY-----

       The PEM public key format uses the header and footer lines:

	-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
	-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

EXAMPLES
       To remove the pass phrase on a DSA private key:

	openssl dsa -in key.pem -out keyout.pem

       To encrypt a private key using triple DES:

	openssl dsa -in key.pem -des3 -out keyout.pem

       To convert a private key from PEM to DER format:

	openssl dsa -in key.pem -outform DER -out keyout.der

       To print out the components of a private key to standard output:

	openssl dsa -in key.pem -text -noout

       To just output the public part of a private key:

	openssl dsa -in key.pem -pubout -out pubkey.pem

SEE ALSO
       dsaparam(1), gendsa(1), rsa(1), genrsa(1)

0.9.7d					    2003-11-20					   DSA(1)
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