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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for ntpq (netbsd section 8)

NTPQ(8) 			       Programmer's Manual				  NTPQ(8)

       ntpq - standard NTP query program

       ntpq [-flag [value]]... [--opt-name [[=| ]value]]...
	       [ host ...]

       This  manual page briefly documents the ntpq command.  The [= prog-name =] utility program
       is used to query NTP servers which implement the standard NTP mode 6 control message  for-
       mats  defined  in  Appendix  B  of the NTPv3 specification RFC1305, requesting information
       about current state and/or changes in that state.  The same formats  are  used  in  NTPv4,
       although  some  of  the variables have changed and new ones added. The description on this
       page is for the NTPv4 variables.  The program may be run either	in  interactive  mode  or
       controlled  using  command line arguments.  Requests to read and write arbitrary variables
       can be assembled, with raw and pretty-printed output  options  being  available.   The  [=
       prog-name =] utility can also obtain and print a list of peers in a common format by send-
       ing multiple queries to the server.

       If one or more request options is included on the command line when  [=	prog-name  =]  is
       executed,  each	of  the  requests  will be sent to the NTP servers running on each of the
       hosts given as command line arguments, or on localhost by default.  If no request  options
       are  given, [= prog-name =] will attempt to read commands from the standard input and exe-
       cute these on the NTP server running on the first host given on the  command  line,  again
       defaulting to localhost when no other host is specified.  The [= prog-name =] utility will
       prompt for commands if the standard input is a terminal device.

       The [= prog-name =] utility uses NTP mode 6 packets to communicate with	the  NTP  server,
       and  hence  can	be  used  to query any compatible server on the network which permits it.
       Note that since NTP is a UDP protocol this  communication  will	be  somewhat  unreliable,
       especially over large distances in terms of network topology.  The [= prog-name =] utility
       makes one attempt to retransmit requests, and will time requests out if the remote host is
       not heard from within a suitable timeout time.

       Specifying a command line option other than or will cause the specified query (queries) to
       be sent to the indicated host(s) immediately.  Otherwise, [= prog-name =] will attempt  to
       read  interactive  format  commands  from the standard input.  Interactive format commands
       consist of a keyword followed by zero to four arguments.  Only enough  characters  of  the
       full keyword to uniquely identify the command need be typed.

       A  number  of interactive format commands are executed entirely within the [= prog-name =]
       utility itself and do not result in NTP mode 6 requests being sent to a server.	These are
       described following.

       ? [command_keyword]

       A  by itself will print a list of all the command keywords known to this incarnation of [=
       prog-name =] .  A followed by a command keyword will print function and usage  information
       about the command.  This command is probably a better source of information about [= prog-
       name =] than this manual page.


       rmvars variable_name ...

       clearvars The data carried by NTP mode 6 messages consists of a list of items of the  form
       where  the  is  ignored,  and can be omitted, in requests to the server to read variables.
       The [= prog-name =] utility maintains an internal list in which data  to  be  included  in
       control	messages  can be assembled, and sent using the and commands described below.  The
       command allows variables and their optional values to be added to the list.  If more  than
       one  variable  is  to  be  added, the list should be comma-separated and not contain white
       space.  The command can be used to remove individual variables from the	list,  while  the
       command removes all variables from the list.

       authenticate  [	yes | no ] Normally [= prog-name =] does not authenticate requests unless
       they are write requests.  The command causes [= prog-name =] to send  authentication  with
       all  requests  it  makes.   Authenticated  requests causes some servers to handle requests
       slightly differently, and can occasionally melt the CPU in fuzzballs if you turn authenti-
       cation  on  before doing a display.  The command causes [= prog-name =] to display whether
       or not [= prog-name =] is currently autheinticating requests.

       cooked Causes output from query commands to be "cooked", so that variables which are  rec-
       ognized	by  [=	prog-name  =]  will  have their values reformatted for human consumption.
       Variables which [= prog-name =] thinks should have a decodable value but didn't are marked
       with  a	trailing  ]  With  no argument, displays the current debug level.  Otherwise, the
       debug level is changed to the indicated level.

       delay milliseconds Specify a time interval to be added to timestamps included in  requests
       which  require authentication.  This is used to enable (unreliable) server reconfiguration
       over long delay network paths or between machines whose clocks are unsynchronized.   Actu-
       ally the server does not now require timestamps in authenticated requests, so this command
       may be obsolete.

       host hostname Set the host to which future queries will be sent.  Hostname may be either a
       host name or a numeric address.

       hostnames  Cm yes | Cm no If is specified, host names are printed in information displays.
       If is specified, numeric addresses are printed instead.	The default  is  unless  modified
       using the command line switch.

       keyid  keyid This command allows the specification of a key number to be used to authenti-
       cate configuration requests.  This must correspond to a key number  the	server	has  been
       configured to use for this purpose.

       ntpversion  [  ]  Sets  the  NTP  version  number which [= prog-name =] claims in packets.
       Defaults to 3, Note that mode 6 control messages (and modes, for that matter) didn't exist
       in  NTP	version  1.   There appear to be no servers left which demand version 1.  With no
       argument, displays the current NTP version that	will  be  used	when  communicating  with

       quit Exit [= prog-name =] .

       passwd  This  command  prompts  you to type in a password (which will not be echoed) which
       will be used to authenticate configuration requests.  The password must correspond to  the
       key  configured for use by the NTP server for this purpose if such requests are to be suc-

       raw Causes all output from query commands is printed as received from the  remote  server.
       The  only  formating/interpretation  done on the data is to transform nonascii data into a
       printable (but barely understandable) form.

       timeout Ar milliseconds Specify a timeout period for responses  to  server  queries.   The
       default	is  about  5000 milliseconds.  Note that since [= prog-name =] retries each query
       once after a timeout, the total waiting time for a timeout will be twice the timeout value

       -4, --ipv4
	      Force  IPv4  DNS	name resolution.  This option must not appear in combination with
	      any of the following options: ipv6.

	      Force DNS resolution of following host names on the command line to the IPv4 names-

       -6, --ipv6
	      Force  IPv6  DNS	name resolution.  This option must not appear in combination with
	      any of the following options: ipv4.

	      Force DNS resolution of following host names on the command line to the IPv6 names-

       -c cmd, --command=cmd
	      run a command and exit.  This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

	      The following argument is interpreted as an interactive format command and is added
	      to the list of commands to be executed on the specified host(s).

       -d, --debug-level
	      Increase output debug message level.  This option may appear an unlimited number of

	      Increase the debugging message output level.

       -D string, --set-debug-level=string
	      Set  the output debug message level.  This option may appear an unlimited number of

	      Set the output debugging level.  Can be supplied multiple times, but each overrides
	      the previous value(s).

       -p, --peers
	      Print  a list of the peers.  This option must not appear in combination with any of
	      the following options: interactive.

	      Print a list of the peers known to the server as well as a summary of their  state.
	      This is equivalent to the 'peers' interactive command.

       -i, --interactive
	      Force ntpq to operate in interactive mode.  This option must not appear in combina-
	      tion with any of the following options: command, peers.

	      Force ntpq to operate in interactive mode.  Prompts will be written to the standard
	      output and commands read from the standard input.

       -n, --numeric
	      numeric host addresses.

	      Output  all  host addresses in dotted-quad numeric format rather than converting to
	      the canonical host names.

	      Always output status line with readvar.

	      By default, ntpq now suppresses the associd=... line that precedes  the  output  of
	      "readvar"  (alias  "rv") when a single variable is requested, such as ntpq -c "rv 0
	      offset".	This option causes ntpq to include both lines of  output  for  a  single-
	      variable	readvar.  Using an environment variable to preset this option in a script
	      will enable both older and newer ntpq to behave identically in this regard.

       -?, --help
	      Display extended usage information and exit.

       -!, --more-help
	      Extended usage information passed thru pager.

       -> [rcfile], --save-opts[=rcfile]
	      Save the option state to rcfile.	The default is the last configuration file listed
	      in the OPTION PRESETS section, below.

       -< rcfile, --load-opts=rcfile, --no-load-opts
	      Load  options  from rcfile.  The no-load-opts form will disable the loading of ear-
	      lier RC/INI files.  --no-load-opts is handled early, out of order.

       - [{v|c|n}], --version[={v|c|n}]
	      Output version of program and exit.  The default mode is	`v',  a  simple  version.
	      The `c' mode will print copyright information and `n' will print the full copyright

       Any option that is not marked as not presettable may be preset by loading values from con-
       figuration ("RC" or ".INI") file(s) and values from environment variables named:
	 NTPQ_<option-name> or NTPQ
       The  environmental  presets  take  precedence (are processed later than) the configuration
       files.  The homerc files are "$HOME", and ".".  If any of these are directories, then  the
       file .ntprc is searched for within those directories.

       David L. Mills and/or others
       Please send bug reports to:  http://bugs.ntp.org, bugs@ntp.org

       see html/copyright.html

       This manual page was AutoGen-erated from the ntpq option definitions.

( 4.2.6p5)				    2011-12-24					  NTPQ(8)

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