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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for vgrindefs (netbsd section 5)

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VGRINDEFS(5)			     BSD File Formats Manual			     VGRINDEFS(5)

NAME
     vgrindefs -- language definition data base for vgrind(1)

SYNOPSIS
     vgrindefs

DESCRIPTION
     The vgrindefs file contains all language definitions for vgrind(1).  The data base is very
     similar to termcap(5).

FIELDS
     The following table names and describes each field.

     Name	Type	  Description
     pb 	str	  regular expression for start of a procedure
     bb 	str	  regular expression for start of a lexical block
     be 	str	  regular expression for the end of a lexical block
     cb 	str	  regular expression for the start of a comment
     ce 	str	  regular expression for the end of a comment
     sb 	str	  regular expression for the start of a string
     se 	str	  regular expression for the end of a string
     lb 	str	  regular expression for the start of a character constant
     le 	str	  regular expression for the end of a character constant
     tl 	bool	  present means procedures are only defined at the top lexical level
     oc 	bool	  present means upper and lower case are equivalent
     kw 	str	  a list of keywords separated by spaces

EXAMPLES
     The following entry, which describes the C language, is typical of a language entry.

     C|c::pb=^\d?*?\d?\p\d?\(\a?\):bb={:be=}:cb=/*:ce=*/:sb=":se=\e":\
     :lb=':le=\e':tl:\
     :kw=asm auto break case char continue default do double else enum\
     extern float for fortran goto if int long register return short\
     sizeof static struct switch typedef union unsigned while #define\
     #else #endif #if #ifdef #ifndef #include #undef # define else endif\
     if ifdef ifndef include undef:

     Note that the first field is just the language name (and any variants of it).  Thus the C
     language could be specified to vgrind(1) as "c" or "C".

     Entries may continue onto multiple lines by giving a \ as the last character of a line.
     Capabilities in vgrindefs are of two types: Boolean capabilities which indicate that the
     language has some particular feature and string capabilities which give a regular expression
     or keyword list.

REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
     vgrindefs uses regular expression which are very similar to those of ex(1) and lex(1).  The
     characters `^', `$', `:' and `\' are reserved characters and must be "quoted" with a preced-
     ing '\' if they are to be included as normal characters.  The metasymbols and their meanings
     are:

     $	     the end of a line

     ^	     the beginning of a line

     \d      a delimiter (space, tab, newline, start of line)

     \a      matches any string of symbols (like .* in lex)

     \p      matches any alphanumeric name.  In a procedure definition (pb) the string that
	     matches this symbol is used as the procedure name.

     ()      grouping

     |	     alternation

     ?	     last item is optional

     \e      preceding any string means that the string will not match an input string if the
	     input string is preceded by an escape character (\).  This is typically used for
	     languages (like C) which can include the string delimiter in a string by escaping
	     it.

     Unlike other regular expressions in the system,  these match words and not characters.
     Hence something like "(tramp|steamer)flies?"  would match "tramp", "steamer", "trampflies",
     or "steamerflies".

KEYWORD LIST
     The keyword list is just a list of keywords in the language separated by spaces.  If the
     "oc" boolean is specified, indicating that upper and lower case are equivalent, then all the
     keywords should be specified in lower case.

FILES
     /usr/share/misc/vgrindefs	File containing terminal descriptions.

SEE ALSO
     troff(1), vgrind(1)

HISTORY
     The vgrindefs file format appeared in 4.2BSD.

BSD					   June 6, 1993 				      BSD
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