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netconfig(5) [netbsd man page]

NETCONFIG(5)						      BSD File Formats Manual						      NETCONFIG(5)

NAME
netconfig -- network configuration data base SYNOPSIS
/etc/netconfig DESCRIPTION
The netconfig file defines a list of ``transport names'', describing their semantics and protocol. In NetBSD, this file is only used by the RPC library code. Entries have the following format: network_id semantics flags family protoname device libraries Entries consist of the following fields: network_id The name of the transport described. semantics Describes the semantics of the transport. This can be one of: tpi_clts Connectionless transport. tpi_cots Connection-oriented transport tpi_cots_ord Connection-oriented, ordered transport. tpi_raw A raw connection. flags This field is either blank (specified by ``-''), or contains a ``v'', meaning visible to the getnetconfig(3) function. family The protocol family of the transport. This is currently one of: inet6 The IPv6 (PF_INET6) family of protocols. inet The IPv4 (PF_INET) family of protocols. loopback The PF_LOCAL protocol family. protoname The name of the protocol used for this transport. Can currently be either udp, tcp or empty. device This field is always empty in NetBSD. libraries This field is always empty in NetBSD. The order of entries in this file will determine which transport will be preferred by the RPC library code, given a match on a specified net- work type. For example, if a sample network config file would look like this: udp6 tpi_clts v inet6 udp - - tcp6 tpi_cots_ord v inet6 tcp - - udp tpi_clts v inet udp - - tcp tpi_cots_ord v inet tcp - - rawip tpi_raw - inet - - - local tpi_cots_ord - loopback - - - then using the network type udp in calls to the RPC library function (see rpc(3)) will make the code first try udp6, and then udp. getnetconfig(3) and associated functions will parse this file and return structures of the following format: struct netconfig { char *nc_netid; /* Network ID */ unsigned long nc_semantics; /* Semantics (see below) */ unsigned long nc_flag; /* Flags (see below) */ char *nc_protofmly; /* Protocol family */ char *nc_proto; /* Protocol name */ char *nc_device; /* Network device pathname (unused) */ unsigned long nc_nlookups; /* Number of lookup libs (unused) */ char **nc_lookups; /* Names of the libraries (unused) */ unsigned long nc_unused[9]; /* reserved */ }; FILES
/etc/netconfig SEE ALSO
getnetconfig(3), getnetpath(3) BSD
November 17, 2000 BSD

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netconfig(4)							   File Formats 						      netconfig(4)

NAME
netconfig - network configuration database SYNOPSIS
/etc/netconfig DESCRIPTION
The network configuration database, /etc/netconfig, is a system file used to store information about networks that are connected to the system. The netconfig database and the routines that access it (see getnetconfig(3NSL)) are part of the Network Selection component. The Network Selection component also includes getnetpath(3NSL) routines to provide application-specific network search paths. These routines access the netconfig database based on the environment variable NETPATH. See environ(5). netconfig contains an entry for each network available on the system. Entries are separated by newlines. Fields are separated by whitespace and occur in the order in which they are described below. Whitespace can be embedded as ``lank'' or `` ab''. Backslashes may be embedded as ``\''. Lines in /etc/netconfig that begin with a # (hash) in column 1 are treated as comments. Each of the valid lines in the netconfig database correspond to an available transport. Each entry is of the form: network ID semantics flag protocol-family protocol-name network-device translation-libraries network ID A string used to uniquely identify a network. network ID consists of non-null characters, and has a length of at least 1. No maximum length is specified. This namespace is locally significant and the local system administrator is the naming authority. All network IDs on a system must be unique. semantics The semantics field is a string identifying the ``semantics'' of the network, that is, the set of services it sup- ports, by identifying the service interface it provides. The semantics field is mandatory. The following semantics are recognized. tpi_clts Transport Provider Interface, connectionless tpi_cots Transport Provider Interface, connection oriented tpi_cots_ord Transport Provider Interface, connection oriented, supports orderly release. flag The flag field records certain two-valued (``true'' and ``false'') attributes of networks. flag is a string com- posed of a combination of characters, each of which indicates the value of the corresponding attribute. If the character is present, the attribute is ``true.'' If the character is absent, the attribute is ``false.'' ``-'' indicates that none of the attributes are present. Only one character is currently recognized: v Visible (``default'') network. Used when the environment variable NETPATH is unset. protocol family The protocol family and protocol name fields are provided for protocol-specific applications. The protocol family field contains a string that identifies a protocol family. The protocol family identifier follows the same rules as those for network IDs; the string consists of non-null characters, it has a length of at least 1, and there is no maximum length specified. A ``-'' in the protocol family field indicates that no protocol family identifier applies (the network is experimental). The following are examples: loopback Loopback (local to host). inet Internetwork: UDP, TCP, and the like. inet6 Internetwork over IPv6: UDP, TCP, and the like. implink ARPANET imp addresses pup PUP protocols: for example, BSP chaos MIT CHAOS protocols ns XEROX NS protocols nbs NBS protocols ecma European Computer Manufacturers Association datakit DATAKIT protocols ccitt CCITT protocols, X.25, and the like. sna IBM SNA decnet DECNET dli Direct data link interface lat LAT hylink NSC Hyperchannel appletalk Apple Talk nit Network Interface Tap ieee802 IEEE 802.2; also ISO 8802 osi Umbrella for all families used by OSI (for example, protosw lookup) x25 CCITT X.25 in particular osinet AFI = 47, IDI = 4 gosip U.S. Government OSI protocol name The protocol name field contains a string that identifies a protocol. The protocol name identifier follows the same rules as those for network IDs; that is, the string consists of non-NULL characters, it has a length of at least 1, and there is no maximum length specified. A ``-'' indicates that none of the names listed apply. The fol- lowing protocol names are recognized. tcp Transmission Control Protocol udp User Datagram Protocol icmp Internet Control Message Protocol network device The network device is the full pathname of the device used to connect to the transport provider. Typically, this device will be in the /dev directory. The network device must be specified. translation libraries The name-to-address translation libraries support a ``directory service'' (a name-to-address mapping service) for the network. A ``-'' in this field indicates the absence of any translation libraries. This has a special meaning for networks of the protocol family inet : its name-to-address mapping is provided by the name service switch based on the entries for hosts and services in nsswitch.conf(4). For networks of other families, a ``-'' indicates non-functional name-to-address mapping. Otherwise, this field consists of a comma-separated list of pathnames to dynamically linked libraries. The pathname of the library can be either absolute or relative. See dlopen(3C). Each field corresponds to an element in the struct netconfig structure. struct netconfig and the identifiers described on this manual page are defined in <netconfig.h>. This structure includes the following members: char *nc_netid Network ID, including NULL terminator. unsigned long nc_semantics Semantics. unsigned long nc_flag Flags. char *nc_protofmly Protocol family. char *nc_proto Protocol name. char *nc_device Full pathname of the network device. unsigned long nc_nlookups Number of directory lookup libraries. char **nc_lookups Names of the name-to-address translation libraries. unsigned long nc_unused[9] Reserved for future expansion. The nc_semantics field takes the following values, corresponding to the semantics identified above: NC_TPI_CLTS NC_TPI_COTS NC_TPI_COTS_ORD The nc_flag field is a bitfield. The following bit, corresponding to the attribute identified above, is currently recognized. NC_NOFLAG indicates the absence of any attributes. NC_VISIBLE EXAMPLES
Example 1 A Sample netconfig File Below is a sample netconfig file: # # The "Network Configuration" File. # # Each entry is of the form: # # <networkid> <semantics> <flags> <protofamily> <protoname> <device> # <nametoaddrlibs> # # The "-" in <nametoaddrlibs> for inet family transports indicates # redirection to the name service switch policies for "hosts" and # "services". The "-" may be replaced by nametoaddr libraries that # comply with the SVr4 specs, in which case the name service switch # will not be used for netdir_getbyname, netdir_getbyaddr, # gethostbyname, gethostbyaddr, getservbyname, and getservbyport. # There are no nametoaddr_libs for the inet family in Solaris anymore. # udp6 tpi_clts v inet6 udp /dev/udp6 - tcp6 tpi_cots_ord v inet6 tcp /dev/tcp6 - udp tpi_clts v inet udp /dev/udp - tcp tpi_cots_ord v inet tcp /dev/tcp - rawip tpi_raw - inet - /dev/rawip - ticlts tpi_clts v loopback - /dev/ticlts straddr.so ticotsord tpi_cots_ord v loopback - /dev/ticotsord straddr.so ticots tpi_cots v loopback - /dev/ticots straddr.so FILES
<netconfig.h> SEE ALSO
dlopen(3C), getnetconfig(3NSL), getnetpath(3NSL), nsswitch.conf(4) System Administration Guide: IP Services SunOS 5.11 18 Nov 2003 netconfig(4)
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