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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for ldif (netbsd section 5)

LDIF(5) 										  LDIF(5)

NAME
       ldif - LDAP Data Interchange Format

DESCRIPTION
       The  LDAP  Data	Interchange  Format  (LDIF)  is used to represent LDAP entries and change
       records in text form. LDAP tools, such as ldapadd(1) and  ldapsearch(1),  read  and  write
       LDIF entry records.  ldapmodify(1) reads LDIF change records.

       This  manual page provides a basic description of LDIF.	A formal specification of LDIF is
       published in RFC 2849.

ENTRY RECORDS
       LDIF entry records are used to represent directory entries.  The basic form  of	an  entry
       record is:

	    dn: <distinguished name>
	    <attrdesc>: <attrvalue>
	    <attrdesc>: <attrvalue>
	    <attrdesc>:: <base64-encoded-value>
	    <attrdesc>:< <URL>
	    ...

       The  value  may be specified as UTF-8 text or as base64 encoded data, or a URI may be pro-
       vided to the location of the attribute value.

       A line may be continued by starting the next line with a single space or tab, e.g.,

	    dn: cn=Barbara J Jensen,dc=exam
	     ple,dc=com

       Lines beginning with a sharp sign ('#') are ignored.

       Multiple attribute values are specified on separate lines, e.g.,

	    cn: Barbara J Jensen
	    cn: Babs Jensen

       If an value contains a non-printing character, or begins with a space or a colon ':',  the
       <attrtype>  is  followed  by  a double colon and the value is encoded in base 64 notation.
       e.g., the value " begins with a space" would be encoded like this:

	    cn:: IGJlZ2lucyB3aXRoIGEgc3BhY2U=

       If the attribute value is located in a file, the <attrtype> is followed by a  ':<'  and	a
       file: URI.  e.g., the value contained in the file /tmp/value would be listed like this:

	    cn:< file:///tmp/value
       Other URI schemes (ftp,http) may be supported as well.

       Multiple entries within the same LDIF file are separated by blank lines.

ENTRY RECORD EXAMPLE
       Here is an example of an LDIF file containing three entries.

	    dn: cn=Barbara J Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
	    cn: Barbara J Jensen
	    cn: Babs Jensen
	    objectclass: person
	    description:< file:///tmp/babs
	    sn: Jensen

	    dn: cn=Bjorn J Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
	    cn: Bjorn J Jensen
	    cn: Bjorn Jensen
	    objectclass: person
	    sn: Jensen

	    dn: cn=Jennifer J Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
	    cn: Jennifer J Jensen
	    cn: Jennifer Jensen
	    objectclass: person
	    sn: Jensen
	    jpegPhoto:: /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAAAAAQABAAD/2wBDABALD
	     A4MChAODQ4SERATGCgaGBYWGDEjJR0oOjM9PDkzODdASFxOQ
	     ERXRTc4UG1RV19iZ2hnPk1xeXBkeFxlZ2P/2wBDARESEhgVG
	    ...

       Note  that the description in Barbara Jensen's entry is read from file:///tmp/babs and the
       jpegPhoto in Jennifer Jensen's entry is encoded using base 64.

CHANGE RECORDS
       LDIF change records are used to represent directory change requests.  Each  change  record
       starts with line indicating the distinguished name of the entry being changed:

	    dn: <distinguishedname>

	    changetype: <[modify|add|delete|modrdn]>

       Finally,  the change information itself is given, the format of which depends on what kind
       of change was specified above.  For a changetype of modify, the format is one or  more  of
       the following:

	    add: <attributetype>
	    <attrdesc>: <value1>
	    <attrdesc>: <value2>
	    ...
	    -

       Or, for a replace modification:

	    replace: <attributetype>
	    <attrdesc>: <value1>
	    <attrdesc>: <value2>
	    ...
	    -

       If  no attributetype lines are given to replace, the entire attribute is to be deleted (if
       present).

       Or, for a delete modification:

	    delete: <attributetype>
	    <attrdesc>: <value1>
	    <attrdesc>: <value2>
	    ...
	    -

       If no attributetype lines are given to delete, the entire attribute is to be deleted.

       For a changetype of add, the format is:

	    <attrdesc1>: <value1>
	    <attrdesc1>: <value2>
	    ...
	    <attrdescN>: <value1>
	    <attrdescN>: <value2>

       For a changetype of modrdn or moddn, the format is:

	    newrdn: <newrdn>
	    deleteoldrdn: 0 | 1
	    newsuperior: <DN>

       where a value of 1 for deleteoldrdn means to delete the values forming the  old	rdn  from
       the  entry,  and a value of 0 means to leave the values as non-distinguished attributes in
       the entry.  The newsuperior line is optional and, if present, specifies the  new  superior
       to move the entry to.

       For a changetype of delete, no additional information is needed in the record.

       Note  that  attribute  values  may  be presented using base64 or in files as described for
       entry records.  Lines in change records may be continued in the manner described for entry
       records as well.

CHANGE RECORD EXAMPLE
       The following sample LDIF file contains a change record of each type of change.

	    dn: cn=Babs Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
	    changetype: add
	    objectclass: person
	    objectclass: extensibleObject
	    cn: babs
	    cn: babs jensen
	    sn: jensen

	    dn: cn=Babs Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
	    changetype: modify
	    add: givenName
	    givenName: Barbara
	    givenName: babs
	    -
	    replace: description
	    description: the fabulous babs
	    -
	    delete: sn
	    sn: jensen
	    -

	    dn: cn=Babs Jensen,dc=example,dc=com
	    changetype: modrdn
	    newrdn: cn=Barbara J Jensen
	    deleteoldrdn: 0
	    newsuperior: ou=People,dc=example,dc=com

	    dn: cn=Barbara J Jensen,ou=People,dc=example,dc=com
	    changetype: delete

INCLUDE STATEMENT
       The  LDIF  parser  has been extended to support an include statement for referencing other
       LDIF files.  The include statement must be separated from other records by a  blank  line.
       The  referenced	file  is specified using a file: URI and all of its contents are incorpo-
       rated as if they were part of the original LDIF file. As above, other URI schemes  may  be
       supported. For example:

	    dn: dc=example,dc=com
	    objectclass: domain
	    dc: example

	    include: file:///tmp/example.com.ldif

	    dn: dc=example,dc=org
	    objectclass: domain
	    dc: example
       This  feature  is not part of the LDIF specification in RFC 2849 but is expected to appear
       in a future revision of this spec. It is supported by the ldapadd(1),  ldapmodify(1),  and
       slapadd(8) commands.

SEE ALSO
       ldap(3),  ldapsearch(1), ldapadd(1), ldapmodify(1), slapadd(8), slapcat(8), slapd-ldif(5),
       slapd.replog(5).

       "LDAP Data Interchange Format," Good, G., RFC 2849.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP  Project  <http://www.openl-
       dap.org/>.  OpenLDAP Software is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.

OpenLDAP 2.4.23 			    2010/06/30					  LDIF(5)


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