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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for boot.cfg (netbsd section 5)

BOOT.CFG(5)			     BSD File Formats Manual			      BOOT.CFG(5)

NAME
     boot.cfg -- configuration file for /boot

DESCRIPTION
     The file /boot.cfg is used to alter the behaviour of the standard boot loader described in
     boot(8).  Configuration changes include setting the timeout, choosing a console device,
     altering the banner text and displaying a menu allowing boot commands to be easily chosen.
     If a boot.cfg file is not present, the system will boot as normal.

   FILE FORMAT
     The format of the file is a series of lines containing keyword/value pairs separated by an
     equals sign ('=').  There should be no whitespace surrounding the equals sign.  Lines begin-
     ning with a hash ('#') are comments and will be ignored.

     Some keywords can be present multiple times in the file to define additional items.  Such
     keywords are noted below.

     banner   (may be present multiple times) The text from banner lines is displayed instead of
	      the standard welcome text by the boot loader.  Up to 10 lines can be defined.  No
	      special character sequences are recognised, so to specify a blank line, a banner
	      line with no value should be given.

     clear    If nonzero, clear the screen before printing the banner.	If zero, do not clear the
	      screen (the default).

     consdev  Changes the console device to that specified in the value.  Valid values are any of
	      those that could be specified at the normal boot prompt with the consdev command.

     default  Used to specify the default menu item  which will be chosen in the case of Return
	      being pressed or the timeout timer reaching zero.  The value is the number of the
	      menu item as displayed.  As described above, the menu items are counted from 1 in
	      the order listed in boot.cfg.  If not specified, the default value will be option
	      1, i.e. the first item.

     format   Changes how the menu options are displayed.  Should be set to one of 'a' for auto-
	      matic, 'l' for letters and 'n' for numbers.  If set to automatic (the default),
	      menu options will be displayed numerically unless there are more than 9 options and
	      the timeout is greater than zero.  If there are more than 9 options with a timeout
	      greater than zero and the format is set to number, only the first 9 options will be
	      available.

     load     Used to load kernel modules, which will be passed on to the kernel for initializa-
	      tion during early boot.  The argument is either the complete path and file name of
	      the module to be loaded, or a symbolic module name.  When the argument is not an
	      absolute path, the boot loader will first attempt to load
	      /stand/<machine>/<kernel_version>/modules/<name>/<name>.kmod.  If that file does
	      not exist, it will then attempt to load /<name>.	May be used as many times as
	      needed.

     menu     (may be present multiple times) Used to define a menu item to be displayed to the
	      end-user at boot time which allows a series of boot commands to be run without fur-
	      ther typing.  The value consists of the required menu text, followed by a colon
	      (':') and then the desired command(s).  Multiple commands can be specified sepa-
	      rated by a semi-colon.  If the specified menu text is empty (the colon appears
	      immediately after the equals sign), then the displayed menu text is the same as the
	      command.	For example:

	      menu=Boot normally:boot
	      menu=Boot single-user:boot -s
	      menu=Boot with module foo:load /foo.kmod;boot
	      menu=Boot with serial console:consdev com0;boot
	      menu=:boot hd1a:netbsd -as

	      Each menu item will be prefixed by an ascending number when displayed, i.e. the
	      order in the boot.cfg file is important.

	      Each command is executed just as though the user had typed it in and so can be any
	      valid command that would be accepted at the normal boot prompt.  In addition,
	      ``prompt'' can be used to drop to the normal boot prompt.

     timeout  If the value is greater than zero, this specifies the time in seconds that the boot
	      loader will wait for the end-user to choose a menu item.	During the countdown
	      period, they may press Return to choose the default option or press a number key
	      corresponding to a menu option.  If any other key is pressed, the countdown will
	      stop and the user will be prompted to choose a menu option with no further time
	      limit.  If the timeout value is set to zero, the default option will be booted
	      immediately.  If the timeout value is negative or is not a number, there will be no
	      time limit for the user to choose an option.

     userconf
	      Passes a userconf(4) command to the kernel at boot time .

     rndseed  Takes the path to a random-seed file as written by the -S flag to rndctl(8) as an
	      argument.  This file is used to seed the kernel entropy pool rnd(9) very early in
	      kernel startup, so that high quality randomness is available to all kernel modules.
	      This argument should be supplied before any ``load'' commands that may load exe-
	      cutable modules.

EXAMPLES
     Here is an example boot.cfg file:

	   banner=Welcome to NetBSD
	   banner==================
	   banner=
	   banner=Please choose an option from the following menu:
	   menu=Boot normally:boot
	   menu=Boot single-user:boot -s
	   menu=Boot from second disk:boot hd1a:
	   menu=Boot with module foo:load /foo.kmod;boot
	   menu=Boot with modules foo and bar:load /foo.kmod;load /bar.kmod;boot
	   menu=Boot Xen with 256MB for dom0:load /netbsd-XEN3_DOM0 console=pc;multiboot /usr/pkg/xen3-kernel/xen.gz dom0_mem=256M
	   menu=Boot Xen with 256MB for dom0 (serial):load /netbsd-XEN3_DOM0 console=com0;multiboot /usr/pkg/xen3-kernel/xen.gz dom0_mem=256M console=com1 com1=115200,8n1
	   menu=Boot Xen with dom0 in single-user mode:load /netbsd-XEN3_DOM0 -s;multiboot /usr/pkg/xen3-kernel/xen.gz dom0_mem=256M
	   menu=Go to command line (advanced users only):prompt
	   clear=1
	   timeout=-1
	   default=1
	   userconf disable ehci*
	   # Always load ramdisk module
	   load=/miniroot.kmod

     N.B. Xen counts serial ports from com1 upwards, but NetBSD counts from com0, so the appro-
     priate device name must be used.  Please see the Xen with serial console example above.

     This will clear the screen and display:

	   Welcome to NetBSD
	   =================

	   Please choose an option from the following menu:

		 1. Boot normally
		 2. Boot single-user
		 3. Boot from second disk
		 4. Boot with module foo
		 5. Boot with modules foo and bar
		 6. Boot Xen with 256 MB for dom0
		 7. Boot Xen with 256 MB for dom0 (serial)
		 8. Boot Xen with dom0 in single-user mode
		 9. Go to command line (advanced users only)

	   Option [1]:

     It will then wait for the user to type 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 followed by Return.
     Pressing Return by itself will run option 1.  There will be no timeout.

SEE ALSO
     boot(8), boothowto(9)

HISTORY
     The boot.cfg file appeared in NetBSD 5.0.

AUTHORS
     The boot.cfg extensions to boot(8) were written by Stephen Borrill <sborrill@NetBSD.org>.

BUGS
     Support for boot.cfg is currently for NetBSD/i386 and NetBSD/amd64 only.  It is hoped that
     its use will be extended to other appropriate ports that use the boot(8) interface.

BSD					November 28, 2011				      BSD


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