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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for gus (netbsd section 4)

GUS(4)				   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			   GUS(4)

     gus -- Gravis UltraSound/UltraSound MAX audio device driver

     gus0 at isa? port 0xPPP irq X drq Y drq2 Z
     audio* at audiobus?

     The gus driver provides support for the Gravis UltraSound (GUS) and GUS MAX audio cards.
     Both cards have on-board memory which is used for seamless playback of samples.  They can
     play back 8- or 16-bit samples at up to 44.1kHz.  They can record 8-bit samples at up to
     44.1kHz.  The UltraSound MAX is a full-duplex sound device, and if configured with two DRQ
     channels can be used for simultaneous playback and recording.  The I/O port base is jumper-
     selected, and may be chosen from 0x210-0x260 in steps of 0x10.  (The normal setting is
     0x220.)  The GUS takes 16 ports at its base address and 8 ports at its base address + 0x100.

     The IRQ is software programmed, so you may select any IRQ from the set {3,5,7,9,11,12,15}.
     The DRQ lines are software programmed, and may be chosen from {1,3,5,6,7}.  The drq2 field
     in the configuration file line specifies a second DRQ line for recording.	If there is no
     drq2 field in the config file, the playback channel will be used for recording DMA and only
     half-duplex mode will be available.

     The Gravis UltraSound MAX has an additional CODEC onboard which is addressed with four ports
     at an offset of 0x10C from the base ports (0x31C-0x36C).


     Gravis UltraSound Low-Level Toolkit, Revision 2.01, 20 May 1993, published by Advanced
     Gravis and Forte Technologies.

     The gus device driver appeared in NetBSD 1.1.

     The full-duplex features of the GUS MAX have not been fully tested, and full-duplex on the
     original GUS may not be possible at all.

     Only two voices on the GF1 synthesizer chip are used by this driver (for left and right

     Manipulating the mixer while audio samples are playing can lead to device driver confusion
     (and maybe even a system panic).

     Manipulating the mixer device seems to create pregnant system pauses, probably due to exces-
     sive interrupt masking.

     The joystick and MIDI port interfaces are not supported.

BSD					  June 22, 2005 				      BSD

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