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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for gpio (netbsd section 4)

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GPIO(4) 			   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			  GPIO(4)

NAME
     gpio -- General Purpose Input/Output

SYNOPSIS
     gpio* at elansc?
     gpio* at epgpio?
     gpio* at gcscpcib?
     gpio* at gpiosim?
     gpio* at gscpcib?
     gpio* at ichlpcib?
     gpio* at nsclpcsio?
     gpio* at ppbus?

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/gpio.h>
     #include <sys/ioctl.h>

DESCRIPTION
     The gpio device attaches to the GPIO controller and provides a uniform programming interface
     to its pins.

     Each GPIO controller with an attached gpio device has an associated device file under the
     /dev directory, e.g. /dev/gpio0.  Access from userland is performed through ioctl(2) calls
     on these devices.

     Whether the layout of the GPIO device can be configured is subject to authorization by the
     kauth(9) framework.

     If for example secmodel_securelevel(9) is active, the layout of the GPIO device is defined
     at a securelevel less than 1, i.e. typically during system boot, and cannot be changed
     later.  GPIO pins can be configured and given a symbolic name and device drivers that use
     GPIO pins can be attached to the gpio device at a securelevel less than 1.  All other pins
     will not be accessible once the runlevel has been raised.

IOCTL INTERFACE
     The following structures and constants are defined in the <sys/gpio.h> header file:

     GPIOINFO (struct gpio_info)
	   Returns information about the GPIO controller in the gpio_info structure:

	   struct gpio_info {
		   int gpio_npins;	   /* total number of pins available */
	   };

     GPIOREAD (struct gpio_req)
	   Returns the input pin value in the gpio_pin_op structure:

	   #define GPIOMAXNAME		   64

	   struct gpio_req {
		   char gp_name[GPIOMAXNAME];	   /* pin name */
		   int gp_pin;			   /* pin number */
		   int gp_value;		   /* value */
	   };

	   The gp_name or gp_pin field must be set before calling.

     GPIOWRITE (struct gpio_req)
	   Writes the output value to the pin.	The value set in the gp_value field must be
	   either GPIO_PIN_LOW (logical 0) or GPIO_PIN_HIGH (logical 1).  On return, the gp_value
	   field contains the old pin state.

     GPIOTOGGLE (struct gpio_req)
	   Toggles the pin output value, i.e. changes it to the opposite.  gp_value field is
	   ignored and on return contains the old pin state.

     GPIOSET (struct gpio_set)
	   Changes pin configuration flags with the new ones provided in the gpio_set structure:

	   #define GPIOMAXNAME		64

	   struct gpio_set {
		   char gp_name[GPIOMAXNAME];	/* pin name */
		   int gp_pin;			   /* pin number */
		   int gp_caps; 		   /* pin capabilities (ro) */
		   int gp_flags;		   /* pin configuration flags */
		   char gp_name2[GPIOMAXNAME];	/* new name */
	   };

	   The gp_flags field is a combination of the following flags:

	   GPIO_PIN_INPUT      input direction
	   GPIO_PIN_OUTPUT     output direction
	   GPIO_PIN_INOUT      bi-directional
	   GPIO_PIN_OPENDRAIN  open-drain output
	   GPIO_PIN_PUSHPULL   push-pull output
	   GPIO_PIN_TRISTATE   output disabled
	   GPIO_PIN_PULLUP     internal pull-up enabled
	   GPIO_PIN_PULLDOWN   internal pull-down enabled
	   GPIO_PIN_INVIN      invert input
	   GPIO_PIN_INVOUT     invert output
	   GPIO_PIN_PULSATE    pulsate output

	   Note that the GPIO controller may not support all of these flags.  On return the
	   gp_caps field contains flags that are supported.  If no flags are specified, the pin
	   configuration stays unchanged.

	   Only GPIO pins that have been set using GPIOSET will be accessible at securelevels
	   greater than 0.

     GPIOUNSET (struct gpio_set)
	   Unset the specified pin, i.e. clear its name and make it unaccessible at securelevels
	   greater than 0.

     GPIOATTACH (struct gpio_attach)
	   Attach the device described in the gpio_attach structure on this gpio device.

	   struct gpio_attach {
		   char ga_dvname[16];	   /* device name */
		   int ga_offset;	   /* pin number */
		   uint32_t ga_mask;	   /* binary mask */
		   uint32_t ga_flags;	   /* driver dependent */
	   };

	   The drvctl(8) command can be used to detach a device from a gpio pin.

FILES
     /dev/gpiou  GPIO device unit u file.

SEE ALSO
     ioctl(2), drvctl(8), gpioctl(8)

HISTORY
     The gpio device first appeared in OpenBSD 3.6 and NetBSD 4.0.

AUTHORS
     The gpio driver was written by Alexander Yurchenko <grange@openbsd.org>.  gpio and was
     ported to NetBSD by Jared D. McNeill <jmcneill@NetBSD.org>.  Runtime device attachment was
     added by Marc Balmer <marc@msys.ch>.

BUGS
     Event capabilities are not supported.

BSD					November 13, 2011				      BSD
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