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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for bridge (netbsd section 4)

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BRIDGE(4)			   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			BRIDGE(4)

NAME
     bridge -- network bridge device

SYNOPSIS
     pseudo-device bridge

DESCRIPTION
     The bridge driver creates a logical link between two or more IEEE 802 networks that use the
     same (or ``similar enough'') framing format.  For example, it is possible to bridge Ethernet
     and 802.11 networks together, but it is not possible to bridge Ethernet and Token Ring
     together.

     To use bridge, the administrator must first create the interface and configure the bridge
     parameters.  The bridge is created using the ifconfig(8) create subcommand.  The learning
     and forwarding behavior and other parameters of a bridge are configured by the brconfig(8)
     utility.

     A bridge can be used to provide several services, such as a simple 802.11-to-Ethernet bridge
     for wireless hosts, and traffic isolation.

     A bridge works like a switch, forwarding traffic from one interface to another.  Multicast
     and broadcast packets are always forwarded to all interfaces that are part of the bridge.
     For unicast traffic, the bridge learns which MAC addresses are associated with which inter-
     faces and will forward the traffic selectively.

     The bridge driver implements the IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree protocol (STP).  Spanning Tree is
     used to detect and remove loops in a network topology.

     Transparent filtering for IP and IPv6 packets can be added with the kernel configuration
     option options BRIDGE_IPF.

     When filtering is enabled, bridged packets will pass through the filter inbound on the orig-
     inating interface and outbound on the appropriate interfaces.  ARP and REVARP packets are
     forwarded without being filtered and others that are not IP nor IPv6 packets are not for-
     warded when filtering is enabled.

     Note that packets to and from the bridging host will be seen by the filter on the interface
     with the appropriate address configured as well as on the interface on which the packet
     arrives or departs.

SEE ALSO
     etherip(4), options(4), brconfig(8), ipf(8)

HISTORY
     The bridge driver first appeared in NetBSD 1.6.

AUTHORS
     The bridge driver was originally written by Jason L. Wright <jason@thought.net> as part of
     an undergraduate independent study at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

     This version of the bridge driver has been heavily modified from the original version by
     Jason R. Thorpe <thorpej@wasabisystems.com>.

BUGS
     The bridge driver currently supports only Ethernet and Ethernet-like (e.g. 802.11) network
     devices, with exactly the same interface MTU size as the bridge device.

     The bridge driver currently does not support snooping via bpf(4).

BSD					 January 9, 2010				      BSD
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