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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for pwcache (netbsd section 3)

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PWCACHE(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 		       PWCACHE(3)

NAME
     pwcache, user_from_uid, group_from_gid -- cache password and group entries

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <pwd.h>

     const char *
     user_from_uid(uid_t uid, int nouser);

     int
     uid_from_user(const char *name, uid_t *uid);

     int
     pwcache_userdb(int (*setpassent)(int), void (*endpwent)(void),
	 struct passwd * (*getpwnam)(const char *), struct passwd * (*getpwuid)(uid_t));

     #include <grp.h>

     const char *
     group_from_gid(gid_t gid, int nogroup);

     int
     gid_from_group(const char *name, gid_t *gid);

     int
     pwcache_groupdb(int (*setgroupent)(int), void (*endgrent)(void),
	 struct group * (*getgrnam)(const char *), struct group * (*getgrgid)(gid_t));

DESCRIPTION
     The user_from_uid() function returns the user name associated with the argument uid.  The
     user name is cached so that multiple calls with the same uid do not require additional calls
     to getpwuid(3).  If there is no user associated with the uid, a pointer is returned to a
     string representation of the uid, unless the argument nouser is non-zero, in which case a
     NULL pointer is returned.

     The group_from_gid() function returns the group name associated with the argument gid.  The
     group name is cached so that multiple calls with the same gid do not require additional
     calls to getgrgid(3).  If there is no group associated with the gid, a pointer is returned
     to a string representation of the gid, unless the argument nogroup is non-zero, in which
     case a NULL pointer is returned.

     The uid_from_user() function returns the uid associated with the argument name.  The uid is
     cached so that multiple calls with the same name do not require additional calls to
     getpwnam(3).  If there is no uid associated with the name, the uid_from_user() function
     returns -1; otherwise it stores the uid at the location pointed to by uid and returns 0.

     The gid_from_group() function returns the gid associated with the argument name.  The gid is
     cached so that multiple calls with the same name do not require additional calls to
     getgrnam(3).  If there is no gid associated with the name, the gid_from_group() function
     returns -1; otherwise it stores the gid at the location pointed to by gid and returns 0.

     The pwcache_userdb() function changes the user database access routines which
     user_from_uid() and uid_from_user() call to search for users.  The caches are flushed and
     the existing endpwent() method is called before switching to the new routines.  getpwnam and
     getpwuid must be provided, and setpassent and endpwent may be NULL pointers.

     The pwcache_groupdb() function changes the group database access routines which
     group_from_gid() and gid_from_group() call to search for groups.  The caches are flushed and
     the existing endgrent() method is called before switching to the new routines.  getgrnam and
     getgrgid must be provided, and setgroupent and endgrent may be NULL pointers.

SEE ALSO
     getgrgid(3), getgrnam(3), getpwnam(3), getpwuid(3)

HISTORY
     The user_from_uid() and group_from_gid() functions first appeared in 4.4BSD.

     The uid_from_user() and gid_from_group() functions first appeared in NetBSD 1.4.

     The pwcache_userdb() and pwcache_groupdb() functions first appeared in NetBSD 1.6.

BSD					 January 24, 2002				      BSD
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