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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for pthread_rwlock_rdlock (netbsd section 3)

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PTHREAD_RWLOCK(3)		   BSD Library Functions Manual 		PTHREAD_RWLOCK(3)

NAME
     pthread_rwlock -- read/write lock interface

LIBRARY
     POSIX Threads Library (libpthread, -lpthread)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <pthread.h>

     int
     pthread_rwlock_init(pthread_rwlock_t * restrict lock,
	 const pthread_rwlockattr_t * restrict attr);

     pthread_rwlock_t lock = PTHREAD_RWLOCK_INITIALIZER;

     int
     pthread_rwlock_destroy(pthread_rwlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_rdlock(pthread_rwlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(pthread_rwlock_t * restrict lock,
	 const struct timespec * restrict abstime);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock(pthread_rwlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_wrlock(pthread_rwlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock(pthread_rwlock_t * restrict lock,
	 const struct timespec * restrict abstime);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_trywrlock(pthread_rwlock_t *lock);

     int
     pthread_rwlock_unlock(pthread_rwlock_t *lock);

DESCRIPTION
     The pthread_rwlock_init() function is used to initialize a read/write lock, with attributes
     specified by attr.  If attr is NULL, the default read/write lock attributes are used.

     The results of calling pthread_rwlock_init() with an already initialized lock are undefined.

     The macro PTHREAD_RWLOCK_INITIALIZER can be used to initialize a read/write lock when the
     allocation can be done statically, no error checking is required, and the default attributes
     are appropriate.  The behavior is similar to calling pthread_rwlock_init() with attr speci-
     fied as NULL.

     The pthread_rwlock_destroy() function is used to destroy a read/write lock previously cre-
     ated with pthread_rwlock_init().

     The pthread_rwlock_rdlock() function acquires a read lock on lock provided that lock is not
     presently held for writing and no writer threads are presently blocked on the lock.  If the
     read lock cannot be immediately acquired, the calling thread blocks until it can acquire the
     lock.

     The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() performs the same action, but will not wait beyond abstime
     to obtain the lock before returning.

     The pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock() function performs the same action as pthread_rwlock_rdlock(),
     but does not block if the lock cannot be immediately obtained (i.e., the lock is held for
     writing or there are waiting writers).

     A thread may hold multiple concurrent read locks.	If so, pthread_rwlock_unlock() must be
     called once for each lock obtained.

     The results of acquiring a read lock while the calling thread holds a write lock are unde-
     fined.

     The pthread_rwlock_wrlock() function blocks until a write lock can be acquired against lock.

     The pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock() performs the same action, but will not wait beyond abstime
     to obtain the lock before returning.

     The pthread_rwlock_trywrlock() function performs the same action as pthread_rwlock_wrlock(),
     but does not block if the lock cannot be immediately obtained.

     The results are undefined if the calling thread already holds the lock at the time the call
     is made.

     The pthread_rwlock_unlock() function is used to release the read/write lock previously
     obtained by pthread_rwlock_rdlock(), pthread_rwlock_wrlock(), pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock(), or
     pthread_rwlock_trywrlock().

RETURN VALUES
     If successful, the pthread_rwlock_init() function will return zero.  Otherwise an error num-
     ber will be returned to indicate the error.

     If successful, the pthread_rwlock_destroy(), pthread_rwlock_rdlock(),
     pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_wrlock(),
     pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock(), pthread_rwlock_trywrlock(), and pthread_rwlock_unlock() will
     return zero.  Otherwise an error number will be returned to indicate the error.

     The results are undefined if lock is not held by the calling thread.

ERRORS
     The pthread_rwlock_init() function may fail if:

     [EAGAIN]		The system lacks the resources to initialize another read-write lock.

     [EBUSY]		The system has detected an attempt to re-initialize the object referenced
			by lock, a previously initialized but not yet destroyed read/write lock.

     [EINVAL]		The value specified by attr is invalid.

     [ENOMEM]		Insufficient memory exists to initialize the read-write lock.

     The pthread_rwlock_destroy() function may fail if:

     [EBUSY]		The system has detected an attempt to destroy the object referenced by
			lock while it is locked.

     [EINVAL]		The value specified by lock is invalid.

     The pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock() function shall fail if:

     [EBUSY]		The lock could not be acquired because a writer holds the lock or was
			blocked on it.

     The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function shall fail if:

     [ETIMEDOUT]	The time specified by abstime was reached before the lock could be
			obtained.

     The pthread_rwlock_rdlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(), and pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock()
     functions may fail if:

     [EAGAIN]		The lock could not be acquired because the maximum number of read locks
			against lock has been exceeded.

     [EDEADLK]		The current thread already owns lock for writing.

     [EINVAL]		The value specified by lock is invalid.

     The pthread_rwlock_trywrlock() function shall fail if:

     [EBUSY]		The calling thread is not able to acquire the lock without blocking.

     The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function shall fail if:

     [ETIMEDOUT]	The time specified by abstime was reached before the lock could be
			obtained.

     The pthread_rwlock_wrlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock(), and pthread_rwlock_trywrlock()
     functions may fail if:

     [EDEADLK]		The calling thread already owns the read/write lock (for reading or writ-
			ing).

     [EINVAL]		The value specified by lock is invalid.

     The pthread_rwlock_unlock() function may fail if:

     [EINVAL]		The value specified by lock is invalid.

     [EPERM]		The current thread does not own the read/write lock.

SEE ALSO
     pthread(3), pthread_barrier(3), pthread_cond(3), pthread_mutex(3), pthread_rwlockattr(3),
     pthread_spin(3)

STANDARDS
     These functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').

BUGS
     The PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED attribute is not supported.

BSD					   July 8, 2010 				      BSD
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