PTHREAD_ATTR_GETSTACK(3) BSD Library Functions Manual PTHREAD_ATTR_GETSTACK(3)
pthread_attr_getstack -- get and set thread stack attributes
POSIX Threads Library (libpthread, -lpthread)
pthread_attr_getstack(const pthread_attr_t * restrict attr, void ** restrict stackaddr, size_t * restrict stacksize);
pthread_attr_setstack(pthread_attr_t * restrict attr, void *stackaddr, size_t stacksize);
pthread_attr_getstacksize(const pthread_attr_t * restrict attr, size_t * restrict stacksize);
pthread_attr_setstacksize(pthread_attr_t *attr, size_t stacksize);
pthread_attr_getstackaddr(const pthread_attr_t * restrict attr, void ** restrict stackaddr);
pthread_attr_setstackaddr(pthread_attr_t *attr, void *stackaddr);
The pthread_attr_getstack() and pthread_attr_setstack() functions get and set, respectively, the thread stack attributes stackaddr and
stacksize in the attr object. The remaining four functions behave similarly, but instead of getting or setting both stackaddr and stacksize,
these get and set the values individually.
The stacksize parameter is defined to be the minimum stack size (in bytes) allocated for the thread's stack during the creation of the
thread. The stackaddr attribute specifies the location of storage to be used for the thread's stack. All pages within the stack described
by stackaddr and stacksize should be both readable and writable by the thread.
The behavior is undefined in all functions if the attr parameter does not refer to an attribute object initialized by using
pthread_attr_init(3) prior to the call. In addition, undefined behavior may follow if the pthread_attr_getstack() function is called before
the stackaddr attribute has been set.
The rationale behind these functions is to address cases where an application may be used in an environment where the stack of a thread must
be placed to some particular region of memory. For the majority of applications, this is seldom necessary, and the use of these functions
should be generally avoided. At least few potential caveats can be mentioned.
o There is a certain degree of ambiguity in the POSIX standard with respect to thread stack.
o The exact behavior of the functions may vary both across machines and operating systems. In particular, the address specified by
stackaddr should be suitably aligned. The system page size, as specified by sysconf(3), and the use of posix_memalign(3) may guarantee
some degree of portability. Also mmap(2) provides means for alignment.
o If the application modifies the stack address, it claims also the responsibility of allocating the stack area and guarding it against
possible stack overflow. No default guard area will be allocated (see pthread_attr_getguardsize(3)). It may be necessary to manually
use mprotect(2) in order to define a guard area at the end of the allocated stack.
o Moreover, if attr is used to create multiple threads, the stack address must be changed by the application between successive calls to
If successful, these functions return 0. Otherwise, an error number is returned to indicate the error.
No errors are defined for the three functions that obtain the stack values. The three functions that set the stack values may fail if:
[ENOMEM] There was insufficient memory to complete the operation.
The pthread_attr_setstacksize() function may additionally fail if:
[EINVAL] The specified stacksize is less than PTHREAD_STACK_MIN or exceeds some system-imposed limit.
All described functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1''). Note that pthread_attr_getstackaddr() and pthread_attr_setstackaddr()
were however removed from the specification in the IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (``POSIX.1'') revision.
July 9, 2010 BSD