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parsedate(3) [netbsd man page]

PARSEDATE(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 					      PARSEDATE(3)

parsedate -- date parsing function LIBRARY
System Utilities Library (libutil, -lutil) SYNOPSIS
#include <util.h> time_t parsedate(const char *datestr, const time_t *time, const int *tzoff); DESCRIPTION
The parsedate() function parses a datetime from datestr described in english relative to an optional time point and an optional timezone off- set in seconds specified in tzoff. If either time or tzoff are NULL, then the current time and timezone offset are used. The datestr is a sequence of white-space separated items. The white-space is optional the concatenated items are not ambiguous. An empty datestr is equivalent to midnight today (the beginning of this day). The following words have the indicated numeric meanings: last = -1, this = 0, first, next, or one = 1, second is unused so that it is not confused with ``seconds'', two = 2, third or three = 3, fourth or four = 4, fifth or five = 5, sixth or six = 6, seventh or seven = 7, eighth or eight = 8, ninth or nine = 9, tenth or ten = 10, eleventh or eleven = 11, twelfth or twoelve = 12. The following words are recognized in English only: AM, PM, a.m., p.m. The months: january, february, march, april, may, june, july, august, september, sept, october, november, december, The days of the week: sunday, monday, tuesday, tues, wednesday, wednes, thursday, thur, thurs, friday, saturday. Time units: year, month, fortnight, week, day, hour, minute, min, second, sec, tomorrow, yesterday. Timezone names: gmt, ut, utc, wet, bst, wat, at, ast, adt, est, edt, cst, cdt, mst, mdt, pst, pdt, yst, ydt, hst, hdt, cat, ahst, nt, idlw, cet, met, mewt, mest, swt, sst, fwt, fst, eet, bt, zp4, zp5, zp6, wast, wadt, cct, jst, east, eadt, gst, nzt, nzst, nzdt, idle. A variety of unambiguous dates are recognized: 69-09-10 For years between 69-99 we assume 1900+ and for years between 0-68 we assume 2000+. 2006-11-17 An ISO-8601 date. 10/1/2000 October 10, 2000; the common US format. 20 Jun 1994 23jun2001 1-sep-06 Other common abbreviations. 1/11 the year can be omitted As well as times: 10:01 10:12pm 12:11:01.000012 12:21-0500 Relative items are also supported: -1 month last friday one week ago this thursday next sunday +2 years Seconds since epoch (also known as UNIX time) are also supported: @735275209 Tue Apr 20 03:06:49 UTC 1993 RETURN VALUES
parsedate() returns the number of seconds passed since the Epoch, or -1 if the date could not be parsed properly. SEE ALSO
date(1), eeprom(8) HISTORY
The parser used in parsedate() was originally written by Steven M. Bellovin while at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It was later tweaked by a couple of people on Usenet. Completely overhauled by Rich $alz and Jim Berets in August, 1990. The parsedate() function first appeared in NetBSD 4.0. BUGS
1 The parsedate() function is not re-entrant or thread-safe. 2 The parsedate() function cannot compute days before the unix epoch (19700101). 3 The parsedate() function assumes years less than 0 mean - year, years less than 70 mean 2000 + year, years less than 100 mean 1900 + year. BSD
December 20, 2010 BSD

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Time::ParseDate(3)					User Contributed Perl Documentation					Time::ParseDate(3)

Time::ParseDate -- date parsing both relative and absolute SYNOPSIS
use Time::ParseDate; $seconds_since_jan1_1970 = parsedate("12/11/94 2pm", NO_RELATIVE => 1) $seconds_since_jan1_1970 = parsedate("12/11/94 2pm", %options) OPTIONS
Date parsing can also use options. The options are as follows: FUZZY -> it's okay not to parse the entire date string NOW -> the "current" time for relative times (defaults to time()) ZONE -> local timezone (defaults to $ENV{TZ}) WHOLE -> the whole input string must be parsed GMT -> input time is assumed to be GMT, not localtime UK -> prefer UK style dates (dd/mm over mm/dd) DATE_REQUIRED -> do not default the date TIME_REQUIRED -> do not default the time NO_RELATIVE -> input time is not relative to NOW TIMEFIRST -> try parsing time before date [not default] PREFER_PAST -> when year or day of week is ambigueous, assume past PREFER_FUTURE -> when year or day of week is ambigueous, assume future SUBSECOND -> parse fraction seconds VALIDATE -> only accept normal values for HHMMSS, YYMMDD. Otherwise days like -1 might give the last day of the previous month. DATE FORMATS RECOGNIZED
Absolute date formats Dow, dd Mon yy Dow, dd Mon yyyy Dow, dd Mon dd Mon yy dd Mon yyyy Month day{st,nd,rd,th}, year Month day{st,nd,rd,th} Mon dd yyyy yyyy/mm/dd yyyy-mm-dd (usually the best date specification syntax) yyyy/mm mm/dd/yy mm/dd/yyyy mm/yy yy/mm (only if year > 12, or > 31 if UK) yy/mm/dd (only if year > 12 and day < 32, or year > 31 if UK) dd/mm/yy (only if UK, or an invalid mm/dd/yy or yy/mm/dd) dd/mm/yyyy (only if UK, or an invalid mm/dd/yyyy) dd/mm (only if UK, or an invalid mm/dd) Relative date formats: count "days" count "weeks" count "months" count "years" Dow "after next" Dow "before last" Dow (requires PREFER_PAST or PREFER_FUTURE) "next" Dow "tomorrow" "today" "yesterday" "last" dow "last week" "now" "now" "+" count units "now" "-" count units "+" count units "-" count units count units "ago" Absolute time formats: hh:mm:ss[.ddd] hh:mm hh:mm[AP]M hh[AP]M hhmmss[[AP]M] "noon" "midnight" Relative time formats: count "minutes" (count can be franctional "1.5" or "1 1/2") count "seconds" count "hours" "+" count units "+" count "-" count units "-" count count units "ago" Timezone formats: [+-]dddd GMT[+-]d+ [+-]dddd (TZN) TZN Special formats: [ d]d/Mon/yyyy:hh:mm:ss [[+-]dddd] yy/mm/dd.hh:mm DESCRIPTION
This module recognizes the above date/time formats. Usually a date and a time are specified. There are numerous options for controlling what is recognized and what is not. The return code is always the time in seconds since January 1st, 1970 or undef if it was unable to parse the time. If a timezone is specified it must be after the time. Year specifications can be tacked onto the end of absolute times. If "parsedate()" is called from array context, then it will return two elements. On sucessful parses, it will return the seconds and what remains of its input string. On unsucessful parses, it will return "undef" and an error string. EXAMPLES
$seconds = parsedate("Mon Jan 2 04:24:27 1995"); $seconds = parsedate("Tue Apr 4 00:22:12 PDT 1995"); $seconds = parsedate("04.04.95 00:22", ZONE => PDT); $seconds = parsedate("Jan 1 1999 11:23:34.578", SUBSECOND => 1); $seconds = parsedate("122212 950404", ZONE => PDT, TIMEFIRST => 1); $seconds = parsedate("+3 secs", NOW => 796978800); $seconds = parsedate("2 months", NOW => 796720932); $seconds = parsedate("last Tuesday"); $seconds = parsedate("Sunday before last"); ($seconds, $remaining) = parsedate("today is the day"); ($seconds, $error) = parsedate("today is", WHOLE=>1); AUTHOR
David Muir Sharnoff <>. LICENSE
Copyright (C) 1996-2006 David Muir Sharnoff. License hereby granted for anyone to use, modify or redistribute this module at their own risk. Please feed useful changes back to perl v5.12.1 2006-08-15 Time::ParseDate(3)
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