CURSES_WINDOW(3) BSD Library Functions Manual CURSES_WINDOW(3)
curses_window, copywin, dupwin, delwin, derwin, mvwin, mvderwin, newwin, overlay, overwrite,
subwin, wresize -- curses window routines
Curses Library (libcurses, -lcurses)
copywin(WINDOW *source, WINDOW *dest, int sminrow, int smincol, int dminrow, int dmincol,
int dmaxrow, int dmaxcol, int overlay);
derwin(WINDOW *win, int lines, int cols, int y, int x);
mvwin(WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
mvderwin(WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
newwin(int lines, int cols, int begin_y, int begin_x);
subwin(WINDOW *win, int lines, int cols, int begin_y, int begin_x);
overlay(WINDOW *source, WINDOW *dest);
overwrite(WINDOW *source, WINDOW *dest);
wresize(WINDOW *win, int lines, int cols);
These functions create, modify and delete windows on the current screen.
The contents of a window may be copied to another window by using the copywin() function, a
section of the destination window dest bounded by (dminrow, dmincol) and (dmaxrow, dmaxcol)
will be overwritten with the contents of the window source starting at the coordinates
(sminrow, smincol). If the overlay flag is TRUE then only non-blank characters from source
will be copied to dest, if overlay is FALSE then all characters from source will be copied
to dest. If the bounding rectangles of either the source or the destination windows lay
outside the maximum size of the respective windows then the size of the window copied will
be adjusted to be within the bounds of both the source and destination windows.
The dupwin() function creates an exact duplicate of win and returns a pointer to it.
Calling derwin() will create a subwindow of win in the same manner as subwin() excepting
that the starting column and row y, x are relative to the parent window origin.
A window may deleted and all resources freed by calling the delwin() function with the
pointer to the window to be deleted in win.
A window can be moved to a new position by calling the mvwin() function. The y and x posi-
tions are the new origin of the window on the screen. If the new position would cause the
any part of the window to lie outside the screen, it is an error and the window is not
A mapping of a region relative to the parent window may be created by calling the mvderwin()
function, the y and x positions are relative to the origin of the parent window. The screen
offset of win is not updated, the characters beginning at y, x for the area the size of win
will be displayed at the screen offset of win. If the given window in win is not a subwin-
dow then an error will be returned. If the new position would cause the any part of the
window to lie outside the parent window, it is an error and the mapping is not updated.
The newwin() function creates a new window of size lines, cols with an origin at begin_y,
begin_x. If lines is less than or equal to zero then the number of rows for the window is
set to LINES - begin_x + lines. Similarly if cols is less than or equal to zero then the
number of columns for the window is set to COLS - begin_y + cols.
subwin() is similar to newwin() excepting that the size of the subwindow is bounded by the
parent window win. The subwindow shares internal data structures with the parent window and
will be refreshed when the parent window is refreshed. The subwindow inherits the back-
ground character and attributes of the parent window.
The overlay() function copies the contents of the source window source to the destination
window dest, only the characters that are not the background character in the source window
are copied to the destination. The windows need not be the same size, only the overlapping
portion of both windows will be copied. The overwrite() function performs the same func-
tions as overlay() excepting that characters from the source window are copied to the desti-
nation without exception.
wresize() resizes the specified window to the new number of lines and columns given, all
internal curses structures are resized. Any subwindows of the specified window will also be
resized if any part of them falls outside the new parent window size. The application must
redraw the window after it has been resized. Note that curscr and stdscr can not be resized
to be larger than the size of the screen.
Functions returning pointers will return NULL if an error is detected. The functions that
return an int will return one of the following values:
OK The function completed successfully.
ERR An error occurred in the function.
curses_fileio(3), curses_pad(3), curses_screen(3)
The NetBSD Curses library complies with the X/Open Curses specification, part of the Single
The Curses package appeared in 4.0BSD.
BSD September 15, 2011 BSD