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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for lockf (netbsd section 3)

LOCKF(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 			 LOCKF(3)

     lockf -- record locking on files

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <unistd.h>

     lockf(int filedes, int function, off_t size);

     The lockf() function allows sections of a file to be locked with advisory-mode locks.  Calls
     to lockf() from other processes which attempt to lock the locked file section will either
     return an error value or block until the section becomes unlocked.  All the locks for a
     process are removed when the process terminates.

     The argument filedes is an open file descriptor.  The file descriptor must have been opened
     either for write-only (O_WRONLY) or read/write (O_RDWR) operation.

     The function argument is a control value which specifies the action to be taken.  The per-
     missible values for function are as follows:

	   Function   Description
	   F_ULOCK    unlock locked sections
	   F_LOCK     lock a section for exclusive use
	   F_TLOCK    test and lock a section for exclusive use
	   F_TEST     test a section for locks by other processes

     F_ULOCK removes locks from a section of the file; F_LOCK and F_TLOCK both lock a section of
     a file if the section is available; F_TEST detects if a lock by another process is present
     on the specified section.

     The size argument is the number of contiguous bytes to be locked or unlocked.  The section
     to be locked or unlocked starts at the current offset in the file and extends forward for a
     positive size or backward for a negative size (the preceding bytes up to but not including
     the current offset).  However, it is not permitted to lock a section that starts or extends
     before the beginning of the file.	If size is 0, the section from the current offset through
     the largest possible file offset is locked (that is, from the current offset through the
     present or any future end-of-file).

     The sections locked with F_LOCK or F_TLOCK may, in whole or in part, contain or be contained
     by a previously locked section for the same process.  When this occurs, or if adjacent
     locked sections would occur, the sections are combined into a single locked section.  If the
     request would cause the number of locks to exceed a system-imposed limit, the request will

     F_LOCK and F_TLOCK requests differ only by the action taken if the section is not available.
     F_LOCK blocks the calling process until the section is available.	F_TLOCK makes the func-
     tion fail if the section is already locked by another process.

     File locks are released on first close by the locking process of any file descriptor for the

     F_ULOCK requests release (wholly or in part) one or more locked sections controlled by the
     process.  Locked sections will be unlocked starting at the current file offset through size
     bytes or to the end of file if size is 0.	When all of a locked section is not released
     (that is, when the beginning or end of the area to be unlocked falls within a locked sec-
     tion), the remaining portions of that section are still locked by the process.  Releasing
     the center portion of a locked section will cause the remaining locked beginning and end
     portions to become two separate locked sections.  If the request would cause the number of
     locks in the system to exceed a system-imposed limit, the request will fail.

     An F_ULOCK request in which size is non-zero and the offset of the last byte of the
     requested section is the maximum value for an object of type off_t, when the process has an
     existing lock in which size is 0 and which includes the last byte of the requested section,
     will be treated as a request to unlock from the start of the requested section with a size
     equal to 0.  Otherwise an F_ULOCK request will attempt to unlock only the requested section.

     A potential for deadlock occurs if a process controlling a locked region is put to sleep by
     attempting to lock the locked region of another process.  This implementation detects that
     sleeping until a locked region is unlocked would cause a deadlock and fails with an EDEADLK

     lockf(), fcntl(2) and flock(2) locks may be safely used concurrently.

     Blocking on a section is interrupted by any signal.

     If successful, the lockf() function returns 0.  Otherwise, it returns -1, sets errno to
     indicate an error, and existing locks are not changed.

     lockf() will fail if:

     [EAGAIN]		The argument function is F_TLOCK or F_TEST and the section is already
			locked by another process.

     [EBADF]		The argument filedes is not a valid open file descriptor.

			The argument function is F_LOCK or F_TLOCK, and filedes is not a valid
			file descriptor open for writing.

     [EDEADLK]		The argument function is F_LOCK and a deadlock is detected.

     [EINTR]		The argument function is F_LOCK and lockf() was interrupted by the deliv-
			ery of a signal.

     [EINVAL]		The argument function is not one of F_ULOCK, F_LOCK, F_TLOCK or F_TEST.

			The argument filedes refers to a file that does not support locking.

     [ENOLCK]		The argument function is F_ULOCK, F_LOCK or F_TLOCK, and satisfying the
			lock or unlock request would result in the number of locked regions in
			the system exceeding a system-imposed limit.

     fcntl(2), flock(2), flockfile(3)

     The lockf() function conforms to X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4, Version 2 (``XPG4.2'')
     and IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (``POSIX.1'').

     The lockf() function first appeared in FreeBSD 1.4.

BSD					 October 15, 2011				      BSD

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