KRB5_OPENLOG(3) BSD Library Functions Manual KRB5_OPENLOG(3)
krb5_initlog, krb5_openlog, krb5_closelog, krb5_addlog_dest, krb5_addlog_func, krb5_log,
krb5_vlog, krb5_log_msg, krb5_vlog_msg -- Heimdal logging functions
Kerberos 5 Library (libkrb5, -lkrb5)
(*krb5_log_log_func_t)(const char *time, const char *message, void *data);
krb5_addlog_dest(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility,
const char *destination);
krb5_addlog_func(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility, int min, int max,
krb5_log_log_func_t log, krb5_log_close_func_t close, void *data);
krb5_closelog(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility);
krb5_initlog(krb5_context context, const char *program, krb5_log_facility **facility);
krb5_log(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility, int level, const char *format,
krb5_log_msg(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility, char **reply, int level,
const char *format, ...);
krb5_openlog(krb5_context context, const char *program, krb5_log_facility **facility);
krb5_vlog(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility, int level, const char *format,
krb5_vlog_msg(krb5_context context, krb5_log_facility *facility, char **reply, int level,
const char *format, va_list arglist);
These functions logs messages to one or more destinations.
The krb5_openlog() function creates a logging facility, that is used to log messages. A
facility consists of one or more destinations (which can be files or syslog or some other
device). The program parameter should be the generic name of the program that is doing the
logging. This name is used to lookup which destinations to use. This information is con-
tained in the logging section of the krb5.conf configuration file. If no entry is found for
program, the entry for default is used, or if that is missing too, SYSLOG will be used as
To close a logging facility, use the krb5_closelog() function.
To log a message to a facility use one of the functions krb5_log(), krb5_log_msg(),
krb5_vlog(), or krb5_vlog_msg(). The functions ending in _msg return in reply a pointer to
the message that just got logged. This string is allocated, and should be freed with free().
The format is a standard printf() style format string (but see the BUGS section).
If you want better control of where things gets logged, you can instead of using
krb5_openlog() call krb5_initlog(), which just initializes a facility, but doesn't define
any actual logging destinations. You can then add destinations with the krb5_addlog_dest()
and krb5_addlog_func() functions. The first of these takes a string specifying a logging
destination, and adds this to the facility. If you want to do some non-standard logging you
can use the krb5_addlog_func() function, which takes a function to use when logging. The
log function is called for each message with time being a string specifying the current
time, and message the message to log. close is called when the facility is closed. You can
pass application specific data in the data parameter. The min and max parameter are the same
as in a destination (defined below). To specify a max of infinity, pass -1.
krb5_openlog() calls krb5_initlog() and then calls krb5_addlog_dest() for each destination
The defined destinations (as specified in krb5.conf) follows:
This logs to the program's stderr.
Log to the specified file. The form using a colon appends to the file, the form
with an equal truncates the file. The truncating form keeps the file open, while
the appending form closes it after each log message (which makes it possible to
rotate logs). The truncating form is mainly for compatibility with the MIT
This logs to the specified device, at present this is the same as FILE:/device.
Log to the console, this is the same as DEVICE=/dev/console.
Send messages to the syslog system, using priority, and facility. To get the name
for one of these, you take the name of the macro passed to syslog(3), and remove
the leading LOG_ (LOG_NOTICE becomes NOTICE). The default values (as well as the
values used for unrecognised values), are ERR, and AUTH, respectively. See
syslog(3) for a list of priorities and facilities.
Each destination may optionally be prepended with a range of logging levels, specified as
min-max/. If the level parameter to krb5_log() is within this range (inclusive) the message
gets logged to this destination, otherwise not. Either of the min and max valued may be
omitted, in this case min is assumed to be zero, and max is assumed to be infinity. If you
don't include a dash, both min and max gets set to the specified value. If no range is spec-
ified, all messages gets logged.
kdc = 0/FILE:/var/log/kdc.log
kdc = 1-/SYSLOG:INFO:USER
default = STDERR
This will log all messages from the kdc program with level 0 to /var/log/kdc.log, other mes-
sages will be logged to syslog with priority LOG_INFO, and facility LOG_USER. All other
programs will log all messages to their stderr.
These functions use asprintf() to format the message. If your operating system does not have
a working asprintf(), a replacement will be used. At present this replacement does not han-
dle some correct conversion specifications (like floating point numbers). Until this is
fixed, the use of these conversions should be avoided.
If logging is done to the syslog facility, these functions might not be thread-safe, depend-
ing on the implementation of openlog(), and syslog().
BSD August 6, 1997 BSD