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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for ether_ntohost (netbsd section 3)

ETHERS(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 			ETHERS(3)

NAME
     ether_ntoa, ether_aton, ether_ntohost, ether_hostton, ether_line, -- get ethers entry

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>
     #include <net/if.h>
     #include <net/if_ether.h>

     char *
     ether_ntoa(const struct ether_addr *e);

     struct ether_addr *
     ether_aton(const char *s);

     int
     ether_ntohost(char *hostname, const struct ether_addr *e);

     int
     ether_hostton(const char *hostname, struct ether_addr *e);

     int
     ether_line(const char *line, struct ether_addr *e, char *hostname);

DESCRIPTION
     Ethernet addresses are represented by the following structure:

	   struct ether_addr {
		   u_char  ether_addr_octet[6];
	   };

     The ether_ntoa() function converts this structure into an ASCII string of the form
     ``xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx'', consisting of 6 hexadecimal numbers separated by colons.  It returns
     a pointer to a static buffer that is reused for each call.  The ether_aton() converts an
     ASCII string of the same form and to a structure containing the 6 octets of the address.  It
     returns a pointer to a static structure that is reused for each call.

     The ether_ntohost() and ether_hostton() functions interrogate the data base mapping host
     names to Ethernet addresses, /etc/ethers.	The ether_ntohost() function looks up the given
     Ethernet address and writes the associated host name into the character buffer passed.  The
     ether_hostton() function looks up the given host name and writes the associated Ethernet
     address into the structure passed.  Both functions return zero if they find the requested
     host name or address, and -1 if not.  Each call reads /etc/ethers from the beginning; if a +
     appears alone on a line in the file, then ether_hostton() will consult the ethers.byname YP
     map, and ether_ntohost() will consult the ethers.byaddr YP map.

     The ether_line() function parses a line from the /etc/ethers file and fills in the passed
     ``struct ether_addr'' and character buffer with the Ethernet address and host name on the
     line.  It returns zero if the line was successfully parsed and -1 if not.

     The hostname buffer for ether_line() and ether_ntohost() should be at least MAXHOSTNAMELEN +
     1 characters long, to prevent a buffer overflow during parsing.

FILES
     /etc/ethers

SEE ALSO
     ethers(5)

HISTORY
     The ether_ntoa(), ether_aton(), ether_ntohost(), ether_hostton(), and ether_line() functions
     were adopted from SunOS and appeared in NetBSD 1.0.

BUGS
     The data space used by these functions is static; if future use requires the data, it should
     be copied before any subsequent calls to these functions overwrite it.

BSD					 November 2, 1997				      BSD


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