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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for cfgetispeed (netbsd section 3)

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TCSETATTR(3)			   BSD Library Functions Manual 		     TCSETATTR(3)

NAME
     cfgetispeed, cfsetispeed, cfgetospeed, cfsetospeed, cfsetspeed, cfmakeraw, tcgetattr,
     tcsetattr -- manipulating the termios structure

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <termios.h>

     speed_t
     cfgetispeed(const struct termios *t);

     int
     cfsetispeed(struct termios *t, speed_t speed);

     speed_t
     cfgetospeed(const struct termios *t);

     int
     cfsetospeed(struct termios *t, speed_t speed);

     int
     cfsetspeed(struct termios *t, speed_t speed);

     void
     cfmakeraw(struct termios *t);

     int
     tcgetattr(int fd, struct termios *t);

     int
     tcsetattr(int fd, int action, const struct termios *t);

DESCRIPTION
     The cfmakeraw, tcgetattr and tcsetattr functions are provided for getting and setting the
     termios structure.

     The cfgetispeed, cfsetispeed, cfgetospeed, cfsetospeed and cfsetspeed functions are provided
     for getting and setting the baud rate values in the termios structure.  The effects of the
     functions on the terminal as described below do not become effective, nor are all errors
     detected, until the tcsetattr function is called.	Certain values for baud rates set in the
     termios structure and passed to tcsetattr have special meanings.  These are discussed in the
     portion of the manual page that describes the tcsetattr function.

GETTING AND SETTING THE BAUD RATE
     The input and output baud rates are found in the termios structure.  The unsigned integer
     speed_t is typdef'd in the include file <termios.h>.  The value of the integer corresponds
     directly to the baud rate being represented, however, the following symbolic values are
     defined.

     #define B0      0
     #define B50     50
     #define B75     75
     #define B110    110
     #define B134    134
     #define B150    150
     #define B200    200
     #define B300    300
     #define B600    600
     #define B1200   1200
     #define B1800   1800
     #define B2400   2400
     #define B4800   4800
     #define B9600   9600
     #define B19200  19200
     #define B38400  38400
     #ifndef _POSIX_SOURCE
     #define EXTA    19200
     #define EXTB    38400
     #endif  /*_POSIX_SOURCE */

     The cfgetispeed function returns the input baud rate in the termios structure referenced by
     tp.

     The cfsetispeed function sets the input baud rate in the termios structure referenced by tp
     to speed.

     The cfgetospeed function returns the output baud rate in the termios structure referenced by
     tp.

     The cfsetospeed function sets the output baud rate in the termios structure referenced by tp
     to speed.

     The cfsetspeed function sets both the input and output baud rate in the termios structure
     referenced by tp to speed.

     Upon successful completion, the functions cfsetispeed, cfsetospeed, and cfsetspeed return a
     value of 0.  Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to
     indicate the error.

GETTING AND SETTING THE TERMIOS STATE
     This section describes the functions that are used to control the general terminal inter-
     face.  Unless otherwise noted for a specific command, these functions are restricted from
     use by background processes.  Attempts to perform these operations shall cause the process
     group to be sent a SIGTTOU signal.  If the calling process is blocking or ignoring SIGTTOU
     signals, the process is allowed to perform the operation and the SIGTTOU signal is not sent.

     In all the functions, although fd is an open file descriptor, the functions affect the
     underlying terminal file, not just the open file description associated with the particular
     file descriptor.

     The cfmakeraw function sets the flags stored in the termios structure (initialized by
     tcgetattr) to a state disabling all input and output processing, giving a ``raw I/O path''.
     It should be noted that there is no function to reverse this effect.  This is because there
     are a variety of processing options that could be re-enabled and the correct method is for
     an application to snapshot the current terminal state using the function tcgetattr, setting
     raw mode with cfmakeraw and the subsequent tcsetattr, and then using another tcsetattr with
     the saved state to revert to the previous terminal state.

     The tcgetattr function copies the parameters associated with the terminal referenced by fd
     to the termios structure referenced by tp.  This function is allowed from a background
     process, however, the terminal attributes may be subsequently changed by a foreground
     process.

     The tcsetattr function sets the parameters associated with the terminal from the termios
     structure referenced by tp.  The action field is created by or'ing the following values, as
     specified in the include file <termios.h>.

     TCSANOW	The change occurs immediately.

     TCSADRAIN	The change occurs after all output written to fd has been transmitted to the ter-
		minal.	This value of action should be used when changing parameters that affect
		output.

     TCSAFLUSH	The change occurs after all output written to fd has been transmitted to the ter-
		minal.	Additionally, any input that has been received but not read is discarded.

     TCSASOFT	If this value is or'ed into the action value, the values of the c_cflag,
		c_ispeed, and c_ospeed fields are ignored.

     The 0 baud rate is used to terminate the connection.  If 0 is specified as the output speed
     to the function tcsetattr, modem control will no longer be asserted on the terminal, discon-
     necting the terminal.

     If zero is specified as the input speed to the function tcsetattr, the input baud rate will
     be set to the same value as that specified by the output baud rate.

RETURN VALUES
     If tcsetattr is unable to make any of the requested changes, it returns -1 and sets errno.
     Otherwise, it makes all of the requested changes it can.  If the specified input and output
     baud rates differ and are a combination that is not supported, neither baud rate is changed.

     Upon successful completion, the functions tcgetattr and tcsetattr return a value of 0.  Oth-
     erwise, they return -1 and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error, as fol-
     lows:

     [EBADF]		The fd argument to tcgetattr or tcsetattr was not a valid file descrip-
			tor.

     [EINTR]		The tcsetattr function was interrupted by a signal.

     [EINVAL]		The action argument to the tcsetattr function was not valid, or an
			attempt was made to change an attribute represented in the termios struc-
			ture to an unsupported value.

     [ENOTTY]		The file associated with the fd argument to tcgetattr or tcsetattr is not
			a terminal.

SEE ALSO
     tcsendbreak(3), termios(4)

STANDARDS
     The cfgetispeed, cfsetispeed, cfgetospeed, cfsetospeed, tcgetattr and tcsetattr functions
     are expected to be compliant with the IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1'') specification.  The
     cfmakeraw and cfsetspeed functions, as well as the TCSASOFT option to the tcsetattr function
     are extensions to the IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1'') specification.

BSD					   May 1, 2004					      BSD
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